The Effects of a Walking Program on Balance, Falls and Well Being in Individuals Residing in Long-term Care

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified January 2011 by University of Saskatchewan.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Saskatchewan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01277809
First received: January 13, 2011
Last updated: August 1, 2012
Last verified: January 2011

January 13, 2011
August 1, 2012
December 2010
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Falls [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
The incidence and nature of falls will be prospectively collected using a simple daily Fall Diary for the period of the intervention (4 months) and for 4 months following intervention. The Fall Diary will be kept at the residents' bedside and will staff will be asked to record the nature and location of the fall, activity and symptoms at the time of the fall, type of footwear, injuries resulting from the fall. Diaries will be collected every week by study personnel.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01277809 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Fitness [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Senior Fitness Test (SFT) (Rikli & Jones 1999a; 1999b) will assess dynamic upper and lower extremity strength and flexibility, aerobic endurance, and dynamic balance and agility.
  • Balance [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The Berg Balance Scale will be used to objectively assess a person's ability to safely perform several common daily living tasks
  • Grip Strength [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Grip strength of the dominant and non-dominant hand-held dynamometer will be measured. Strength will be tested 3 times with each hand and the maximum score will be recorded
  • Gait speed [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants will be asked to walk a distance of 6 metres over a portable, computerized walkway (the GAITRite® system (CIR Systems Inc., Clifton, NJ). An additional two metres of walking will be added at the beginning and end of the walkway to accommodate for acceleration and deceleration. Subjects will be asked to walk along the walkway. Gait parameters, including gait speed, will be recorded.
  • Physical Activities of Daily Living [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OARS Physical Activities of Daily Living (PADL) Sub-Scale (Fillenbaum 1988)will be used as a clinical assessment of functional status. The OARS-PADL will be completed by the research assistant with information provided by subjects' care provider.
  • Depression [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mood will be assessed using the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, a well- validated scale designed for the assessment of depression in individuals with dementia and individuals residing in long-term care. The CSDD will be completed by the research assistant with information provided by subjects' care provider.
  • Behavioral problems [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Behavioral problems will be assessed with the use of the Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist (RMBPC), a 24-item report that measures observable behavioral and memory problems (Appendix). The RMBPC will be completed by the research assistant with information provided by subjects' care provider.
  • Vital signs [ Time Frame: Eight months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    We will measure lying and standing blood pressure as well as heart rate and respiratory rate at baseline and every two months throught the study.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
The Effects of a Walking Program on Balance, Falls and Well Being in Individuals Residing in Long-term Care
Community Alliance for Quality of Life in Long Term Care: The Effects of a Walking Program on Balance, Falls and Well Being in Individuals Residing in Long-term Care

The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a regular walking program (which inevitably involves human interaction) compared to a usual care condition and to a human interaction condition (without the extra walking program) in individuals residing in LTC. Outcomes of interest include: balance, strength, mobility, endurance, walking distance; rate and severity of falls; activities of daily living; mood and behaviour.

It is hypothesized that participants taking part in the walking program will demonstrate maximal benefits compared to the no treatment control group (usual care) and the participants who will only receive social interaction. It is expected that benefits of the walking program will include decreased fall rates, and improved balance, endurance, strength, mood, behaviour, activities of daily living and quality of life indices. Given research findings that the addition of pleasant activities improves resident mood (Teri et al, 1997; 2003), it is expected that participants in the social interaction only group will demonstrate improvements in mood and other indices of quality of life.

Not Provided
Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Accidental Falls
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Gait
  • Depression
  • Behavior
  • Behavioral: Interpersonal Interaction
    Participants will receive stationary 1:1 interaction time with the same research personnel who conduct the third group walking session at each individual care facility in order to control for the interpersonal interaction likely to be involved in the walking program (Interpersonal Interaction Group; IIG). This group will receive the equivalent interpersonal interaction time with research personnel as those participating in the WPG group. This interaction time will occur with the participant stationary, rather than walking with the researcher.
  • Behavioral: Walking Program
    Participants will walk five times per week, supervised by a licensed physiotherapist. Subjects will in general gradually increase their daily supervised walking time as tolerated to a maximum of 30 minutes once per day. The distance and number of minutes walked each time will be recorded. Interpersonal interaction will occur during the walking sessions, and will be similar in quality and quantity to that during the Interpersonal Interaction Group.
  • No Intervention: Usual Care
    Participants will receive care as usual (Usual Care Group; UCG) that is provided by their long-term care unit.
  • Active Comparator: Interpersonal Interaction
    Participants will receive stationary 1:1 interaction time with the same research personnel who conduct the third group walking session at each individual care facility in order to control for the interpersonal interaction likely to be involved in the walking program. This group will receive the equivalent interpersonal interaction time with research personnel as those participating in the walking group. This interaction time will occur with the participant stationary, rather than walking with the researcher.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Interpersonal Interaction
  • Experimental: Walking Program
    Participants will walk five times per week under the supervision of a licensed physiotherapist.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Walking Program
Dal Bello-Haas VP, Thorpe LU, Lix LM, Scudds R, Hadjistavropoulos T. The effects of a long-term care walking program on balance, falls and well-being. BMC Geriatr. 2012 Dec 18;12:76. doi: 10.1186/1471-2318-12-76.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
179
December 2013
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults residing in a long term care facility
  • Able to follow simple instructions
  • Can ambulate with or without a walking aid for at least 10 meters
  • Willing to participate in the study procedures Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion criteria:

  • Cardiovascular event within past 6 months
  • Severe arthritis
  • Clinical significant vestibular disorder
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Uncontrolled epilepsy
  • Fracture within the past 4 months
  • Admission into an acute care facility in last 4 months
  • Scheduled for surgery or hospitalization in next 6 months
  • Already participating in another regular exercise program (three or more times per week) aimed at improving balance or strength
Both
60 Years and older
Yes
Contact: Lilian U Thorpe, MD, PhD (306) 655-7997 lilian.thorpe@saskatoonhealthregion.ca
Contact: Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Ph.D, P.T. (306) 966-6570 Vanina.Dalbello-Haas@usask.ca
Canada
 
NCT01277809
BIO-BEB 10-125
No
University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Lilian U Thorpe, MD, PhD University of Saskatchewan
Principal Investigator: Vanina Vanina Dal Bello-Haas, Ph. D, P.T. University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
January 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP