Safety of and Immune Response to an Investigational HIV-1 Vaccine With or Without Interleukin-12 (IL-12) in HIV-1 Infected Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01266616
First received: December 23, 2010
Last updated: October 13, 2014
Last verified: October 2014

December 23, 2010
October 13, 2014
March 2011
October 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Occurrence of at least one greater than Grade 3 adverse event (AE) including signs/symptoms, lab toxicities, and/or clinical events that is possibly, probably, or definitely related to study treatment, as judged by the core team [ Time Frame: From the first day of study treatment until 28 days after the last study vaccine administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change in the number of interferon (IFN)-gamma generating (in response to gag) CD4 T cells/million peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as measured by intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Occurrence of at least one greater than Grade 3 adverse event (AE) including signs/symptoms, lab toxicities, and/or clinical events that is possibly, probably or definitely related to study treatment, as judged by the core team [ Time Frame: From the first day of study treatment until 28 days after the last study vaccine administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change in the number of interferon (IFN)-gamma generating (in response to gag) CD4 T cells/million peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) as measured by intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 14 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01266616 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Answering "no" to the question, "In your opinion, would this study's vaccination procedure be acceptable as part of a treatment for HIV, if it proved to be effective?" [ Time Frame: From Week 0 to Week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Answering "no" to the question, "In your opinion, would this study's vaccination procedure be acceptable if it could contribute to increased scientific knowledge about how best to administer vaccines to prevent or treat infections?" [ Time Frame: From Week 0 to Week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Premature treatment discontinuation for reasons related to study treatment or related to any real or perceived effect of study vaccination or its administration [ Time Frame: From Week 0 to Week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rated pain (for participants administered vaccine/placebo by the EP device) [ Time Frame: When the device was placed on the skin and the vaccine/placebo was injected; at the time of the electrical stimulation and muscle contraction; and at 10 and 30 minutes after the procedure was completed at Weeks 0, 4, and 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes from baseline and absolute values of multiple functions of CD4 and CD8 T cells in response to gag and other vaccine-coded antigens individually and in sum [ Time Frame: At Week 8, Week 14, and possibly other time points depending on the first set of data in an ICS assay ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety of and Immune Response to an Investigational HIV-1 Vaccine With or Without Interleukin-12 (IL-12) in HIV-1 Infected Adults
A Phase I Randomized, Partially Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Dose-Escalation Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Cytokine Enhanced HIV-1 Multi-Antigen (HIV MAG) pDNA Vaccine Delivered Intramuscularly Followed by in Vivo Electroporation (IM/EP) or Intramuscularly in HIV-1 Infected Adults Receiving ART

Therapeutic HIV vaccines are designed to control HIV infection by boosting the body's natural immune response. There are currently no FDA-approved therapeutic HIV vaccines. This study will test whether giving an HIV-1 vaccine together with or without interleukin 12 (IL-12) is safe and effective. This study will also test a new way of giving the vaccine called electroporation (EP).

Although highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has greatly reduced HIV infection-related morbidity and mortality, individual response to therapy can be variable. Therapeutic vaccination works by augmenting virus-specific immunity and can be given with or without immunomodulatory agents or adjuvants. In conjunction with HAART, therapeutic vaccination may be a more effective treatment for the suppression of HIV-1 replication. This study will examine the safety and efficacy of giving an investigational vaccine with or without IL-12 in HIV-1 infected adults receiving HAART. This study will also test whether delivering the vaccine using EP is safe and increases the efficacy of the vaccine.

Participation in this study will last approximately 36 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of five cohorts. Cohort 1 will receive the HIV multi-antigen plasmid DNA (HIV MAG pDNA) vaccine or placebo intramuscularly (IM) in the upper arm followed by EP. Cohorts 2 through 4 will receive the HIV MAG pDNA vaccine and sequentially increasing doses of GENEVAX IL-12 pDNA or placebo by IM/EP. Cohort 5 will receive the HIV MAG pDNA vaccine with the highest dose of IL-12 pDNA or placebo by needle and syringe in the upper arm.

Participants receive two injections at Weeks 0, 4, and 12. Participants will complete a questionnaire that assesses the acceptability of the vaccine and remain at the clinic 30 minutes for observation after each vaccination. Participants will be contacted by telephone 2 to 3 days post-vaccination to assess vaccination-related signs and/or symptoms. All participants will be asked to record their temperatures and any symptoms they experience daily for 4 days following each vaccination on a Vaccination Report Card (VRC). All nonstudy vaccines or medications should also be recorded on the VRC. Study visits will occur at Weeks 0, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, 16, 24, and 36. At most visits, participants will undergo a physical examination. Women of reproductive potential will also undergo pregnancy testing before receiving injections on Weeks 0, 4, and 12. Blood will be drawn at various time points to evaluate participants' health and measure immunologic markers, CD4 and CD8 T-cell counts, and cytokine levels. Blood and plasma will also be stored for future exploratory studies.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Biological: Profectus HIV MAG pDNA vaccine
    3,000 mcg admixture of two vaccine plasmids: ProfectusVax DNA Plasmid (HIV-1 gag/pol) and ProfectusVax DNA Plasmid (HIV-1 nef/tat/vif, env) at Weeks 0, 4, and 12
  • Biological: IL-12
    Administered at Weeks 0, 4, and 12
  • Other: Placebo
    Saline injections at Weeks 0, 4, and 12
  • Experimental: Cohort 1: Vaccine alone IM/EP
    HIV MAG pDNA alone IM/EP
    Intervention: Biological: Profectus HIV MAG pDNA vaccine
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort 1: Placebo
    Placebo given as an injection in each upper arm
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 2: Vaccine plus IL-12 IM/EP
    HIV MAG pDNA plus 50 mcg of IL-12 pDNA IM/EP
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Profectus HIV MAG pDNA vaccine
    • Biological: IL-12
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort 2: Placebo
    Placebo given as an injection in each upper arm
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 3: Vaccine plus IL-12 IM/EP
    HIV MAG pDNA plus 250 mcg of IL-12 pDNA IM/EP
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Profectus HIV MAG pDNA vaccine
    • Biological: IL-12
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort 3: Placebo
    Placebo given as an injection in each upper arm
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 4: Vaccine plus IL-12 IM/EP
    HIV MAG pDNA plus 1,000 mcg of IL-12 pDNA IM/EP
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Profectus HIV MAG pDNA vaccine
    • Biological: IL-12
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort 4: Placebo
    Placebo given as an injection in each upper arm
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
  • Experimental: Cohort 5: Vaccine plus IL-12 IM
    HIV MAG pDNA plus 1,000 mcg (or highest dose reached) IL-12 pDNA IM
    Interventions:
    • Biological: Profectus HIV MAG pDNA vaccine
    • Biological: IL-12
  • Placebo Comparator: Cohort 5: Placebo
    Placebo given as an injection in each upper arm
    Intervention: Other: Placebo

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
62
April 2013
October 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infected
  • Stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) for a minimum of 6 consecutive months prior to study entry and intention to remain on stable ART until study completion
  • CD4 T-cell count greater than or equal to 500 cells/mm3 (within 30 days prior to study entry)
  • At least two measurements of HIV-1 RNA levels less than or equal to 200 copies/mL (first measurement must be performed at least 6 months prior to study entry and second measurement must be performed between 6 months prior to study entry and at least 30 days prior to study entry)
  • Screening HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/mL (within 30 days prior to study entry)
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative (within 30 days prior to study entry)
  • Hepatitis C antibody negative or, if hepatitis C antibody positive, hepatitis C virus RNA negative (within 30 days prior to study entry)
  • Certain laboratory values obtained within 30 days prior to study entry; more information can be found in the protocol
  • Females of reproductive potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test within 3 days prior to study entry
  • All study participants participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy must agree to use at least one of the following forms of birth control for at least 21 days prior to study entry until the final study visit:

    • Condoms (male or female) with or without a spermicidal agent
    • Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
    • Intrauterine device (IUD)
    • Hormone-based contraceptive
  • Females who are not of reproductive potential are eligible without requiring the use of a contraceptive
  • Ability and willingness of subject to provide written informed consent
  • Collection of a pre-entry PBMC specimen for immunologic assays and entered into the Laboratory Data Management System (LDMS)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed (defined as two consecutive values) CD4 T-cell count less than 200 cells/mm3 at any time or any history or subject recollection of CD4 T-cell count less than 200 cells/mm3 prior to screening
  • Any active malignancy that may require chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Bleeding diathesis or condition associated with prolonged bleeding time that would contraindicate IM injection
  • A skin-fold measurement of the cutaneous and subcutaneous tissue for eligible injection sites (on the medial deltoid muscles) that exceeds 40 mm
  • Use of immunomodulatory, cytokine, or growth stimulating factors such as systemic corticosteroids, cyclosporine, methotrexate, azathioprine, anti-CD25 antibody, granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), chondrocyte colony-stimulating factor (C-CSF), IFN, or interleukin-2 (IL-2) (within 30 days prior to study entry)
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Use of any prior HIV vaccine (prophylactic and/or therapeutic) within 1 year before study entry
  • Use of any investigational treatment within 6 months before study entry
  • Use of any licensed or experimental non-HIV vaccination (e.g., hepatitis B, influenza, pneumococcal polysaccharide) within 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Use of any infusion blood product or immune globulin within 3 months prior to study entry
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to any vaccine component, including hypersensitivity to amide-type local anesthetics, such as lidocaine (Xylocaine), mepivacaine (Polocaine/Carbocaine), etidocaine (Duranest), bupivacaine (Marcaine), or prilocaine
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements
  • Serious illness requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization within 7 days prior to study entry
  • Current use of any electronic stimulation device, such as cardiac demand pacemakers, automatic implantable cardiac defibrillators, nerve stimulators, or deep brain stimulators
  • History of cardiac arrhythmia or palpitations (e.g., supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, frequent ectopy, or sinus bradycardia [i.e., <50 beats per minute on exam]) prior to study entry (NOTE: Sinus arrhythmia is not excluded)
  • History of syncope or fainting episode within 1 year of study entry
  • Seizure disorder or any history of prior seizure
  • Extensive tattoos covering the site of administration (upper left and right medial deltoid muscles)
  • Presence of any surgical or traumatic metal implants at the site of administration (medial deltoid muscles)
  • Any chronic inflammatory disease (e.g., ankylosing spondylitis, psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease)
Both
18 Years to 55 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01266616
A5281, 10846
Yes
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Jeffrey Jacobson, MD Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
October 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP