Satraplatin in Children and Young Adults With Refractory Solid Tumors Including Brain Tumors
|First Received Date ICMJE||December 11, 2010|
|Last Updated Date||March 14, 2014|
|Start Date ICMJE||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of oral satraplatin administered on a once daily for 5 days every 28 days schedule in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors including brain tumors.|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01259479 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Satraplatin in Children and Young Adults With Refractory Solid Tumors Including Brain Tumors|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase I Trial and Pharmacokinetic Study of the Oral Platinum Analog Satraplatin in Children and Young Adults With Refractory Solid Tumors Including Brain Tumors|
- Children, adolescents, and young adults between 3 and 21 years of age who have solid tumors (including brain tumors) that have not responded to standard treatment.
The platinum compounds cisplatin and carboplatin are standard agents in the treatment of a variety of childhood cancers. However, cumulative and long-term renal and ototoxicity are a concern related to cisplatin administration, particularly in young children.
Several mechanisms of resistance to platinum compounds have been described including decreased drug accumulation due to altered drug uptake or the presence of a membrane efflux pump, increased intracellular levels of thiol-containing groups that detoxify and modulate platinum, and removal of the platinum-DNA adducts by DNA repair pathways called nucleotide excision repair (NER) and base excision repair (BER) pathways.
Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes have been shown in some cancers to predict better treatment response to platinum treatment.
Satraplatin is an oral platinum analog with similar preclinical in vitro and in vivo activity to that of cisplatin and carboplatin, and with activity in platinum resistant models.
Dose-limiting satraplatin toxicities in adults include nausea, vomiting, and myelosuppression. Neither renal nor neurologic toxicities have been described.
Satraplatin has demonstrated clinical activity in adult refractory tumors at the recommended phase II and III dose of 80 mg/m2/dose daily for 5 days every 28 or 35 days.
To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of oral satraplatin administered on a once daily for 5 days every 28 days schedule in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors including brain tumors.
To define the toxicities of oral satraplatin and characterize the pharmacokinetics of oral satraplatin in children with refractory cancer.
To determine the preliminary antitumor activity of satraplatin.
To evaluate the pharmacogenomic expression of DNA repair genes in peripheral blood mononuclear blood cells.
Patients greater than or equal to 3 years and less than or equal to 25 years at enrollment with relapsed or refractory solid tumors including brain tumors.
Adequate organ function
This is a phase I trial of satraplatin administered once daily orally for 5 days every 28 days. A cycle of therapy is considered to be 28 days. The starting dose level is 60 mg/m(2)/dose with escalations to 80, 110, 140 mg/m(2)/dose. The MTD will be defined based on satraplatin tolerability during cycle one.
Disease status will be evaluated prior to every odd treatment cycle and therapy may continue for up to 2 years in the absence of progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity.
Plasma pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenomics will be evaluated during the first treatment cycle.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Satraplatin
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||August 2013|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||3 Years to 25 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01259479|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||110047, 11-C-0047|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||August 2013|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP