Panobinostat and Fluorouracil Followed By Leucovorin Calcium in Treating Patients With Stage IV Colorectal Cancer Who Did Not Respond to Previous Fluorouracil-Based Chemotherapy

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified January 2014 by University of Southern California
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novartis
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01238965
First received: November 3, 2010
Last updated: January 29, 2014
Last verified: January 2014

November 3, 2010
January 29, 2014
October 2010
June 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • To assess the safety of this regimen [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To assess the feasibility of this regimen [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01238965 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Time to progression [ Time Frame: At 3, 6, 9, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Every 2 months until disease recurrence or progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: At 3, 6, 9, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Panobinostat and Fluorouracil Followed By Leucovorin Calcium in Treating Patients With Stage IV Colorectal Cancer Who Did Not Respond to Previous Fluorouracil-Based Chemotherapy
Phase I Clinical Trial With LBH589 and Infusional 5-FU/LV in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Who Failed 5-FU Based Chemotherapy

Panobinostat may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving panobinostat together with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium may kill more tumor cells. PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and the best dose of giving panobinostat, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium together in treating patients with stage IV colorectal cancer who did not respond to previous fluorouracil-based chemotherapy.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and feasibility of combining LBH589 with infusional 5-FU chemotherapy in the treatment of Stage IV colorectal cancer patients who have progressed on standard 5-FU regimens.

II. To determine the efficacy of LBH589 alone to produce consistent decreases in tumor thymidylate synthase (TS) expression.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the time to tumor progression, progression free and overall survival of patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer treated with LBH589 combined with infusional 5-FU.

II. To determine if TS repression by LBH589 predicts response to the combination of LBH589 and infusional 5-FU in patients who have already progressed on standard regimens containing 5-FU.

III. To obtain preliminary data on gene expression levels of TS, DPD and TP as well as germline polymorphisms of TS being associated with clinical outcome and toxicity.

IV. To obtain preliminary data on acetylation on peripheral blood mononuclear cells to establish biological activity in these patients at time of biopsies.

OUTLINE: Patients receive oral panobinostat 3 times a week. Patients also receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 15 followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1-2 and 15-16. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.

Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Recurrent Colon Cancer
  • Recurrent Rectal Cancer
  • Stage IV Colon Cancer
  • Stage IV Rectal Cancer
  • Drug: panobinostat
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • Faridak
    • HDAC inhibitor LBH589
    • histone deacetylase inhibitor LBH589
    • LBH589
  • Drug: fluorouracil
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 5-fluorouracil
    • 5-Fluracil
    • 5-FU
    • Adrucil
    • Efudex
    • FU
  • Drug: leucovorin calcium
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • calcium folinate
    • CF
    • CFR
    • citrovorum factor
    • LV
    • Wellcovorin
  • Procedure: biopsy
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: biopsies
  • Genetic: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: RT-PCR
  • Genetic: western blotting
    Correlative studies
    Other Names:
    • Blotting, Western
    • Western Blot
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Genetic: gene expression analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Genetic: RNA analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Genetic: polymorphism analysis
    Correlative studies
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral panobinostat 3 times a week. Patients also receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 15 followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1-2 and 15-16. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Drug: panobinostat
  • Drug: fluorouracil
  • Drug: leucovorin calcium
  • Procedure: biopsy
  • Genetic: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
  • Genetic: western blotting
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Genetic: gene expression analysis
  • Genetic: RNA analysis
  • Genetic: polymorphism analysis
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
50
June 2016
June 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced/metastatic colorectal cancer
  • Must have measurable disease
  • Must have received prior therapy (in any setting) with 5-FU, CPT-11, and oxaliplatin; (may have received prior erbitux and bevacizumab, but it is not required)
  • Must have received at least one prior chemotherapy regimen for advanced disease
  • Tumor must be accessible for core biopsy at the beginning of treatment and patients have a high intratumoral TS expression level prior to the beginning of treatment
  • Life expectancy of > 12 weeks
  • ECOG performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 50%)
  • Normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
  • Serum albumin >= 3g/dL
  • AST/SGOT and ALT/SGPT =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal(ULN)or =< 5.0 x ULN if the transaminase elevation is due to liver metastasis
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or 24-hr creatinine clearance >= 50 ml/min
  • Serum potassium >= LLN
  • Serum phosphorous >= LLN
  • Serum total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) or serum ionized calcium >= LLN
  • Serum magnesium >= LLN
  • TSH and free T4 within normal limits(WNL)(patients may be on thyroid hormone replacement)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/μL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/μL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 mg/dL
  • Eligibility of patients receiving any medications or substances known to affect or with the potential to affect the activity or pharmacokinetics of LBH589 will be determined following review by the Principal Investigator
  • Ability to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document
  • INR is =< 1.5 times ULN unless receiving therapeutic anticoagulation
  • Patient is highly unlikely to conceive as indicated by at least one "yes" answer to the following questions:

    1. patient is a male and agrees to use an adequate method of contraception for the duration of the study, and for 30 days after the last dose of study medication;
    2. surgically sterilized female;
    3. postmenopausal female >= 45 years of age with > 2 years since last menses;
    4. non-sterilized premenopausal female and agrees to use 2 adequate barrier methods of contraception to prevent pregnancy or agrees to abstain from heterosexual activity throughout the study and for 30 days after the last dose of study medication
  • Baseline MUGA must demonstrate LVEF >= the lower limit of the institutional normal
  • Clinically euthyroid; Note: Patients are permitted to receive thyroid hormone supplements to treat underlying hypothyroidism

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Male patients whose sexual partners are WOCBP not using effective birth control
  • May not have received any other investigational agents within 28 days of study entry (chemotherapy, any investigational drug or undergone major surgery < 4 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from side effects of such therapy).
  • May not receive other anti-cancer therapy (cytotoxic, biologic, radiation, or hormonal other than for replacement) while on this study
  • Patients with known brain metastases are excluded from this clinical trial
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to LBH589; including sodium butyrate, trichostatin A (TSA), trapoxin (TPX), MS-27-275 and depsipeptide
  • Severe and/or uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant or breast feeding or patients of reproductive potential not using two effective methods of birth control; women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the first administration of oral LBH589
  • History of another primary malignancy within 5 years other than curatively treated CIS of the cervix, or basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Unresolved diarrhea > CTCAE grade 1
  • Acute infection requiring intravenous antibiotic, antiviral, or antifungal medications within 2 weeks prior to the start of study drugs
  • Known positivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C
  • Screening ECG with a QTc > 450 msec
  • Patients with congenital long QT syndrome
  • History of sustained ventricular tachycardia
  • Any history of ventricular fibrillation or torsades de pointes
  • Bradycardia defined as heart rate < 50 beats per minute; patients with a pacemaker and heart rate >= 50 beats per minute are eligible
  • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of study entry
  • Congestive heart failure (NY Heart Association class III or IV)
  • Right bundle branch block and left anterior hemiblock (bifascicular block)
  • Prior cancer treatment with an HDAC inhibitor (e.g., vorinostat, Depsipeptide, MS-275, LAQ-824, PXD-101, and valproic acid)
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Concomitant use of drugs with a risk of causing torsades de pointes
  • Any significant history of non-compliance to medical regimens or with inability to grant a reliable informed consent
  • Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of oral panobinostat (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, obstruction, or stomach and/or small bowel resection)
  • Patients needing valproic acid for any medical condition during the study or within 5 days prior to first LBH589
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact: Carol Jones, RN 323-865-0460 carol.jones@med.usc.edu
Contact: Ramona Lujan, RN 323-226-2452 ramona.lujan@med.usc.edu
United States
 
NCT01238965
3C-08-1, NCI-2010-02149
Yes
University of Southern California
University of Southern California
Novartis
Principal Investigator: Heinz-Josef Lenz University of Southern California
University of Southern California
January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP