Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for Children With SCID Utilizing Alemtuzumab, Plerixafor & Filgrastim

This study has been terminated.
(Insufficient evidence of efficacy)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christopher Dvorak, University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01182675
First received: August 9, 2010
Last updated: May 16, 2013
Last verified: May 2013

August 9, 2010
May 16, 2013
August 2010
September 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Percent engraftment of donor B-cells in blood by STR testing [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
We will measure whether we are able to detect donor B-cells in the patient's blood after HSCT.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01182675 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Incidence of Acute GVHD [ Time Frame: 100 Days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Incidence of Chronic GVHD [ Time Frame: 2 Years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Percentage of patients who become independent from regular IVIG infusion [ Time Frame: 2 Years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Based on B-cell function assays from the patient's blood, we will be able to determine if patients are able to successfully discontinue IVIG infusions.
  • Percent engraftment of donor stem cells in bone marrow by STR testing [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We will measure whether we are able to detect donor stem cells in the patient's bone marrow after HSCT.
  • Percent engraftment of donor T-cells in blood by STR testing [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We will measure whether we are able to detect donor T-cells in the patient's blood after HSCT.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) for Children With SCID Utilizing Alemtuzumab, Plerixafor & Filgrastim
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Children With Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease Utilizing Alemtuzumab and Mobilization With Plerixafor & Filgrastim

The goal of this study is to develop a novel approach to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for children with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease (SCID) that eliminates the use of toxic chemotherapy conditioning and maximizes the likelihood of T and B cell immune reconstitution. Rather than classic chemotherapeutic agents, the investigators will utilize a targeted stem cell mobilizer, plerixafor, in combination with alemtuzumab, a monoclonal antibody. Correlative scientific questions will include: 1) efficacy and characteristics of host stem cell mobilization; and 2) alemtuzumab pharmacokinetics in very young children.

The goal of this study is to develop an approach to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for children with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease (SCID) that eliminates the use of toxic chemotherapy conditioning and maximizes the likelihood of T and B cell immune reconstitution. SCID is a rare primary immunodeficiency disease in which there are multiple genotypes and phenotypes, and depending on various factors including the presence of B cell and NK cells, and the presence of maternal cells in the patient's circulation, there are numerous ways to approach a transplant. The major issues that must be addressed in any approach to transplantation for SCID are graft rejection and T and B cell immune reconstitution. Depending on the specific SCID diagnosis, the phenotype, and the presence of maternal engraftment at diagnosis, we will evaluate two transplant approaches that will attempt to optimize the engraftment of donor HSC and the likelihood of T and B cell reconstitution while eliminating the use of toxic chemotherapy conditioning.

  1. Primary Objective: To determine if the administration of plerixafor & filgrastim (G-CSF) prior to stem cell infusion results in increased donor stem cell occupancy of available bone marrow niches and B-cell engraftment in patients with SCID.
  2. Secondary Objectives:

i. To determine if NK cell depletion with Alemtuzumab will overcome NK-mediated graft resistance in haplocompatible transplants for NK+ SCID.

ii. To determine the optimal dosing of Alemtuzumab in very young children. iii. To determine the immunophenotypic characteristics of CD34+ cells mobilized and engrafted in patients receiving plerixafor & filgrastim prior to HCT.

iv. To determine the thymic output, as measured by T-cell receptor excision circles, in patients receiving haplocompatible transplants & boosts.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency
  • Drug: Transplant Conditioning with Mobilization Only
    Day -4: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day -3: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day -2: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day -1: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day 0: Plerixafor 240 mcg/kg subcutaneous 9-12 hours prior to transplant; Day 0 Transplant
    Other Name: Conditioning with Filgrastim and Plerixafor
  • Drug: Transplant Conditioning with Mobilization and Alemtuzumab
    Day -7: Alemtuzumab 0.3 mg test dose then 0.3 mg/kg IV; Day -6: Alemtuzumab 0.3 mg/kg IV; Day -5: Alemtuzumab 0.3 mg/kg IV; Day -4: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day -3: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day -2: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day -1: Filgrastim (G-CSF) 5 mcg/kg IV q12 hours; Day 0: Plerixafor 240 mcg/kg subcutaneous 9-12 hours prior to transplant; Day 0: Transplant
    Other Name: Conditioning with Filgrastim, Plerixafor, and Alemtuzumab
  • Experimental: T-cell Graft Permissive SCID

    Patients with SCID with:

    i. NK- phenotype; ii. NK+ phenotype with 10/10 HLA-matched relative or unrelated donor; or iii. NK+ phenotype with maternal engraftment by STR analysis and undergoing haplocompatible HSCT from maternal donor

    Intervention: Drug: Transplant Conditioning with Mobilization Only
  • Experimental: T-cell Graft Resistant SCID
    Patients with SCID with NK+ phenotype with HLA-mismatched donor
    Intervention: Drug: Transplant Conditioning with Mobilization and Alemtuzumab

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
7
September 2013
September 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with classic SCID phenotype (<400 CD3/ul or maternally engrafted and <10% of normal PHA lymphoproliferative response). Genotypic identification is preferable, but not required.
  • Patients must have an acceptable stem cell donor (HLA matched relative, 9 or 10/10 HLA-matched unrelated, or haplocompatible relative).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with "leaky" SCID syndromes, Omenn's Syndrome, reticular dysgenesis, ADA deficiency
  • Lansky score <60%
  • Patient with expected survival <4 weeks (including disseminated CMV infection involving lungs and/or CNS)
Both
up to 3 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01182675
NCT01000701
No
Christopher Dvorak, University of California, San Francisco
University of California, San Francisco
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Christopher C Dvorak, M.D. University of California, San Francisco
University of California, San Francisco
May 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP