Leuprolide Acetate or Goserelin With or Without GDC-0449 Followed by Surgery in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01163084
First received: July 14, 2010
Last updated: July 28, 2014
Last verified: March 2014

July 14, 2010
July 28, 2014
July 2010
May 2020   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Proportion of patients with =< 5% tumor involvement [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Proportion of patients with ≤ 5% tumor involvement [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01163084 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Proportion of patients expressing differences in hedgehog, androgen signaling and related genes markers [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Difference in relapse rates by PSA (biochemical) and by bone scan/CT scan (objective) [ Time Frame: UP to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to (biochemical and clinical) progression [ Time Frame: From the date of surgery and elevated post operative PSA concentration, assessed up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Difference in the rate of positive surgical margins between the two groups [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of patients with PSA =< 0.2 ng/mL [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of patients expressing differences in hedgehog, androgen signaling, and related genes markers [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Relapse rates by PSA and bone scan/CT scan [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to progression [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rate of positive surgical margins [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of patients with PSA ≤ 0.2 ng/mL [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Leuprolide Acetate or Goserelin With or Without GDC-0449 Followed by Surgery in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer
A Randomized Phase Ib/II Study of Preoperative GDC-0449 and Androgen Ablation Compared to Androgen Ablation Alone Followed by Radical Prostatectomy for Select Patients With Locally Advanced Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate

This randomized phase I/II trial studies giving leuprolide acetate or goserelin together with or without GDC-0449 followed by surgery to see how well they work in treating patients with locally advanced prostate cancer. Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Antihormone therapy, such as leuprolide acetate or goserelin, may lessen the amount of androgens made by the body. GDC-0449 may slow the growth of tumor cells. Giving antihormone therapy together with GDC-0449 may be an effective treatment for prostate cancer.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the difference in less than or equal to 5% tumor involvement between patients between the two arms.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess differences in hedgehog signaling, androgen signaling, markers linked to high grade prostate cancer (PCa) progression, proliferation, apoptosis, and the expression of androgen producing enzymes in the tumor microenvironment between the two arms.

II. To assess safety of preoperative GDC-0449 in combination with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH).

III. To assess the difference in proportion of patients with negative disease surgical margins between the two arms.

IV. To collect and archive tissue from the primary tumor, bone marrow and blood (serum, plasma), bone marrow aspirate for future study.

V. To assess difference in relapse rate (biochemical, objective) and time to progression.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I (androgen-ablation therapy and Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449): Patients receive LHRH analogue comprising leuprolide intramuscularly or goserelin subcutaneously on day 1 and Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 orally once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 16 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II (androgen-ablation therapy): Patients receive LHRH analogue comprising leuprolide or goserelin as in group 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 16 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients undergo radical prostatectomy.

Tissue specimens from radical prostatectomy may be analyzed for differences in hedgehog signaling, androgen signaling, markers linked to prostate cancer progression, proliferation, apoptosis, and the expression of androgen-producing enzymes in the tumor microenvironment by reverse transcriptase-PCR and IHC.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 6 months for up to 8 years.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate
  • Stage IIA Prostate Cancer
  • Stage IIB Prostate Cancer
  • Drug: leuprolide acetate
    Given intramuscularly
    Other Names:
    • Enantone
    • LEUP
    • Lupron
    • Lupron Depot
  • Drug: goserelin acetate
    Given subcutaneously
    Other Names:
    • ICI-118630
    • ZDX
    • Zoladex
  • Drug: vismodegib
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • Erivedge
    • GDC-0449
    • Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449
  • Experimental: Arm I (androgen-ablation and Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449)
    Patients receive LHRH analogue comprising leuprolide intramuscularly or goserelin subcutaneously on day 1 and Hedgehog antagonist GDC-0449 orally once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 16 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: leuprolide acetate
    • Drug: goserelin acetate
    • Drug: vismodegib
  • Active Comparator: Arm II (androgen-ablation therapy)
    Patients receive LHRH analogue comprising leuprolide or goserelin as in group 1. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 16 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: leuprolide acetate
    • Drug: goserelin acetate
Karlou M, Tzelepi V, Efstathiou E. Therapeutic targeting of the prostate cancer microenvironment. Nat Rev Urol. 2010 Sep;7(9):494-509.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
66
Not Provided
May 2020   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologic proof of prostatic adenocarcinoma via a minimum of 6 core biopsy samples
  • Clinical stage T1c or T2 with high-grade disease (Gleason's 8-10) on initial biopsy and PSA > 10ng/ml, or clinical stage T2b-T2c with Gleason's grade >= 7
  • No evidence of metastatic disease as determined by imaging
  • Initial therapy with antiandrogen treatment is allowed but must be within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment
  • Appropriate surgical candidate for radical prostatectomy and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Absence of major co-morbidity as determined by the treating physician
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >=100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Patients must have PT, PTT and Fibrinogen levels within institutional normal limits and no history of substantial non-iatrogenic bleeding diathesis
  • Men and their female partners must agree to use two forms of contraception (i.e., barrier contraception and one other method of contraception) during study treatment and for at least 12 months post-treatment
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic variants in the primary tumor (histologic variants other than adenocarcinoma)
  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy for prostate cancer prior to entering the study
  • Patients who have received prior treatment with GDC-0449
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients receiving previous androgen ablation or current androgen ablation of greater than 4 week's duration
  • Patients who are not appropriate surgical candidates for radical prostatectomy based on the evaluation of co-existent medical diseases and competing causes of death (such as but not limited to, unstable angina, myocardial infarction within the previous 6 months, or use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia, uncontrolled hypertension)
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to GDC-0449 or LHRH analogues
  • Patients taking medications with narrow therapeutic indices that are metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP450), including warfarin sodium (Coumadin®) are ineligible
  • Patients with malabsorption syndrome or other condition that would interfere with intestinal absorption; patients must be able to swallow capsules
  • Patients with clinically important (in the opinion of the treating physician) history of liver disease, including viral or other hepatitis or cirrhosis are ineligible
  • Patients with uncontrolled hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia or hypokalemia defined as less than the lower limit of normal for the institution, despite adequate electrolyte supplementation are excluded from this study
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with GDC-0449
  • Patients with prior malignancy if there is an increased chance (>= 30%) of relapse in the following five years (in the opinion of the treating physician)
  • Patients who have received systemic treatment for cancer within the last 6 months
Male
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01163084
NCI-2010-01737, NCI-2010-01737, CDR0000670590, 2009-0473, 8384, U01CA062491, P30CA016672, U01CA062461
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Christopher Logothetis M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
March 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP