Cyberknife® Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI) for Early Stage Breast Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified October 2013 by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01162200
First received: July 2, 2010
Last updated: October 11, 2013
Last verified: October 2013

July 2, 2010
October 11, 2013
October 2010
December 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The maximum tolerated dose to the lumpectomy cavity in patients with early stage breast cancer [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
To escalate the dose of stereotactic radiotherapy utilizing the Cyberknife system to a tumorcidal dose to the lumpectomy cavity without exceeding the maximum tolerated dose in patients with early stage breast cancer.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01162200 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Dose-limiting toxicity [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The cosmesis of breast [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Cyberknife® Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI) for Early Stage Breast Cancer
A Phase I Study of Cyberknife® Partial Breast Irradiation (PBI) for Early Stage Breast Cancer

By using stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) delivered with the Cyberknife system®, the current protocol attempts to mimic or improve the excellent local control rates seen in treatment of early stage breast cancer while attempting to increase convenience, limit invasiveness, decrease toxicity, and improve cosmesis compared to other methods of radiation treatment.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Early Stage Breast Cancer
Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
3 dose cohorts. Patients in each dose cohort will all be treated as a single group for dose escalation. The starting dose for the dose escalation portion will be 6 Gy per fraction for 5 fractions (total dose = 30 Gy). Subsequent cohorts of patients will receive an additional 0.5 Gy per treatment (total 2.5 Gy per escalation).
Other Name: SBRT
SBRT dose per fraction
Intervention: Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
60
July 2020
December 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • DCIS or invasive ductal, medullary, papillary, mucinous (colloid), or tubular histologies.
  • Eligible patients must have appropriate staging studies identifying them as AJCC stage T1 or T2 (≤3 cm) treated with lumpectomy and axillary node dissection with at least 6 nodes sampled or sentinel node biopsy. Patients with up to 3 positive nodes without microscopic or macroscopic evidence of extracapsular extension are eligible.
  • The patient's Zubrod performance status must be 0-2.
  • Patients must be ≥ 18 years of age.
  • If chemotherapy is planned, it must begin no earlier than two weeks following completion of radiation therapy.
  • Unifocal breast cancer (no evidence of gross multifocal disease, multicentric, or bilateral disease.
  • Negative margins after lumpectomy (re-excision for initial positive margins is allowed-negative margins defined as >2 mm clear of tumor in all directions).
  • Negative post- lumpectomy mammography if malignancy-associated microcalcifications were initially present.
  • The target lumpectomy cavity must be clearly delineated.
  • Patients must complete appropriate pretreatment evaluation, including post-lumpectomy mammogram if microcalcifications were initially present to confirm complete removal.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of suspicious microcalcifications in the breast prior to start of radiation.
  • Patients with history of collagen vascular disease, specifically dermatomyositis with a CPK level above normal or active skin rash, systemic lupus erythematosis, or scleroderma.
  • Patients with 4 or more histologically positive axillary nodes if axillary dissection is performed.
  • Patients with distant metastases.
  • Patients with invasive or extensive in-situ lobular carcinoma or non-epithelial breast malignancies such as sarcoma or lymphoma.
  • Patients with multicentric gross disease defined as tumors in different quadrants of the breast or tumor separated by at least 4 cm or other clinically or radiographically suspicious areas in the ipsilateral breast unless confirmed to be negative for malignancy or biopsy.
  • Patients must not have any palpable or radiographically suspicious ipsilateral or contralateral axillary, supraclavicular, infraclavicular, or internal mammary nodes unless there is histologic confirmation that these nodes are negative for tumor.
  • Any previously treated contralateral invasive breast carcinoma or synchronous contralateral breast carcinoma.
  • Prior non-hormonal therapy or radiation therapy for the current breast cancer or hormonal therapy for > 28 days after diagnosis or refusal to discontinue hormonal therapy.
  • Patients with Paget's disease of the nipple
  • Patients with prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years (e.g., carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix are all permissible).
  • Patients with severe, active co-morbidity.
  • Patients with psychiatric or addictive disorders that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude obtaining informed consent.
  • Patients who are pregnant or lactating.
  • Previous breast radiation on either side or thoracic radiation on the ipsilateral side..
Female
18 Years and older
No
Contact: Robert Timmerman, MD 214-645-8525
United States
 
NCT01162200
SCCC-02110
Yes
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Robert Timmerman, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center Dallas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
October 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP