CoEnzyme Q10 in Statin Myopathy
|First Received Date ICMJE||June 8, 2010|
|Last Updated Date||September 6, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||September 2009|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||September 2013 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To test the hypothesis that CoQ10 supplementation compared to placebo in patients with documented statin myalgia reduces the intensity of pain during statin treatment. [ Time Frame: We selected 8 weeks of therapy . ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Increasing pain tolerability is a key clinical measure. We selected 8 weeks of therapy for the simvastatin vs placebo and CoQ10 vs placebo sections of the study because in the largest clinical study, the median time toonset of mylagia in statin naïve subjects was 1 month (4) and statin rechallenge typically reproduces symptoms more rapidly(3). Consequently, most subjects with true statin myalgia will have clearly developed symptoms at or before 8 weeks, the point at which study procedures are completed, allowing us to accurately assess the impact of CoQ10 on muscle pain intensity.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01140308 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||CoEnzyme Q10 in Statin Myopathy|
|Official Title ICMJE||CoEnzyme Q10 in Statin Myopathy|
Statins (such as simvastatin or Zocor) are the most effective and widely prescribed medications to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the frequency of heart attacks, cardiac deaths and strokes. Unfortunately, statins can cause muscle discomfort or pain called "myalgia" in patients treated with these drugs. These symptoms often cause patients who need these medications to stop taking the drug. The cause of statin muscle pain is not known, but it is thought that a reduction of a vitamin-like substance called Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) during statin treatment may play a role. CoQ10 is a vitamin like substance and is not a drug approved and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This study will look at the effects of CoQ10 supplements on individuals who develop muscle symptoms while on simvastatin.
The investigators hope to test the hypothesis that CoQ10 supplementation compared to placebo in patients with documented statin myalgia reduces the intensity of pain during statin treatment.
Study Overview: We estimate, based on the calculations detailed below that 80 subjects with documented statin myalgia will be required to test our hypothesis. Consequently, 135 patients with statin myopathic complaints will be recruited from the Cholesterol Management Center at Hartford Hospital, newspaper and radio advertisements and contact with physicians' offices. Subjects will be withdrawn from all lipid lowering medications for at least 4 weeks. Subjects will then have serum measured for baseline lipids, liver, kidney, and thyroid function, creatine kinase (CK) and CoQ10 values and be randomized to treatment with simvastatin 20 mg daily or matching placebo for up to 2 months. Subjects will be called weekly to assess symptoms. Blood measurements will be repeated and treatment (simvastatin or placebo) will stopped after 2 months or after subjects have experienced muscle symptoms continuously for one week. After 4 weeks, subjects will cross over to the alternative placebo or simvastatin treatment and the monitoring and measurement process will be repeated. Those patients developing myalgia during statin treatment, but not during placebo, will enter the CoQ10 study, again after 4 weeks off treatment. These subjects will have serum lipids, liver, CK, vitamin D and CoQ10 levels measured, 4mL of blood sample will be stored for future white blood cell analysis and they will undergo tests of muscle performance and exercise capacity. They will then be randomized to placebo or CoQ10 treatment arms, "loaded" with placebo or CoQ10 to ensure adequate tissue levels for two weeks, and then retreated with simvastatin 20 mg daily. Subjects will be called weekly to inquire about muscle symptoms. Blood measurements will be repeated, another 4mL of blood sample will be stored for future white blood cell analysis and treatment (simvastatin/CoQ10 or simvastatin/placebo) will be stopped after 2 months or after subjects have experienced muscle symptoms continuously for one week. After 4 weeks subjects will cross over to the alternative simvastatin/CoQ10 or simvastatin/placebo treatment and the monitoring and measurement will be repeated. The primary endpoint will be the intensity of pain at eight weeks, or after subjects have had continuous symptoms for a week (or less in the case of intolerable symptoms), whichever comes first. We will also determine time in days to the onset of repeat myopathic symptoms and measure muscle performance including skeletal muscle strength and endurance and maximal aerobic exercise capacity using techniques used in our present NIH funded research project The Effect of Statins on Skeletal Muscle Function (R01 HL081893). We will measure muscle strength, endurance and aerobic capacity because weakness is a frequent, but largely unquantified, complaint among patients with statin myalgia and its prevention with CoQ10 is therefore important. Also, some investigators have reported changes in the rest and exercise respiratory exchange ratio (RER) with statin therapy implying an alteration in cellular substrate metabolism with statins that may be influenced by CoQ10 treatment.
Study Subjects: Subjects will be recruited from the Cholesterol Management Center, which sees approximately 20 new patients weekly, the majority of whom have statin myalgia and who are referred because of Dr. Thompson's expertise in this topic, via advertisements and by physician contact by mail and email informing them of the study. Subjects will be reimbursed $500 for their participation in the study.
Study Definition of Statin-Related Myopathic Complaints: Statin myopathic symptoms have been poorly defined in the medical literature. For the purpose of this study, subjects will be considered to have had prior statin related complaints and recruited for participation in the study if all of the following occur:
Those developing statin myalgia only during simvastatin treatment will be advanced to the CoQ10 trial.
Throughout the study, subjects will be contacted by phone weekly to inquire about muscle complaints using the Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form) (BPI-SF) (18). Results will be recorded on paper forms and entered into the database. During the phone contacts, subjects with symptoms for statin myopathy will have a CK level determined within 72 hours and while on study drug. If the CK is > 10 times upper limits of normal (UNL), the standard diagnosis of myositis, and is unassociated with recent exercise, the drug will be stopped and the subject will undergo prompt repeat testing and be removed from the study. If the CK is < 10 UNL, the drug will be continued until the subject has had symptoms for 1 week to document that the symptoms are not transitory. After 1 week of persistent symptoms or as soon as possible if the patient has intolerable symptoms, the subject will undergo final testing and have completed the study. This reduces undue subject burden such that subjects do not have to maintain statin treatment for multiple weeks with pain symptoms. Subjects who do not report recurrent symptoms will be treated for 8 weeks, at which time they will undergo final testing and have completed the study.
Justification of Primary Endpoint: We will examine the ability of CoQ10 to reduce the intensity of pain because many patients would remain on statin therapy if the discomfort were tolerable. Consequently, increasing pain tolerability is a key clinical measure. We selected 8 weeks of therapy for the simvastatin vs placebo and CoQ10 vs placebo sections of the study because in the largest clinical study, the median time to onset of myalgia in statin naïve subjects was 1 month and statin rechallenge typically reproduces symptoms more rapidly. Consequently, most subjects with true statin myalgia will have clearly developed symptoms at or before 8 weeks, the point at which study procedures are completed, allowing us to accurately assess the impact of CoQ10 on muscle pain intensity. Except for chronic aspirin use, commonly recommended in patients at risk for heart disease, or in patients chronically using pain medications even off statin therapy, over the counter pain medication use for myalgic or myopathic symptoms will be prohibited during the study.
135 Subjects with Prior Statin Complaints:Stop Cholesterol Drugs for at least 4 Weeks
Run-In: Initial - Simvastatin or Placebo
**4-week washout followed by crossover and repeat 1 - 5**
**100 Subjects Symptomatic on Statins Only(CoQ10 treatment phase)**:
Simvastatin 20mg + Placebo (N=50) or Simvastatin 20mg + CoQ10 (N=50)
Weekly phone calls: Pain Questionaires
At 8 Weeks or Until Symptoms Persist 1 Week or are Intolerable:
**4 week washout followed by crossover, repeat 1-4 and 1-3 above**
Weekly phone calls used to assess muscle symptoms and document myalgia
All visits include a Cognitive Failures Questionnaire.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Condition ICMJE||Statin Myopathy|
|Study Arm (s)||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Active, not recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||135|
|Estimated Completion Date||September 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||September 2013 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||20 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01140308|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||1RC1AT005836-01|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Responsible Party||Hartford Hospital|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Hartford Hospital|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Hartford Hospital|
|Verification Date||September 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP