The Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
St. Olavs Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01085305
First received: March 10, 2010
Last updated: August 19, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

March 10, 2010
August 19, 2013
September 2006
January 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
ECBI is taken at study entry, after 6 months and after 18 months
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01085305 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS) [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Parent-child interaction coded from standardized situations
  • Parenting Stress Index [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number and degree of perceived stresses by parents
  • Working Model of the Child Interview (WMCI) [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Parents' attachment to the child
  • Child Behavior Check List (CBCL)/Teacher Report Form (TRF) [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Psychiatric symptoms as rated by parents and teachers, respectively
  • Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Depressive symptoms in parents
  • Parental Locus of Control - Short Form (PLOC-SF) [ Time Frame: Pre intervention, 6 months, 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Parents' perceptions of internal versus external locus of control
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
The Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)
The Effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) in Treating Behavior Problems in Young Children

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a type of parent-based intervention, Parent-Child Interaction Therapy will lower symptoms of behavior problems in young children more than treatment as usual.

Behaviour problems, i.e. symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) are among the prevalent psychiatric disorders in children and one of the leading causes of help-seeking for mental health problems in children. There are several efficacious treatments for such problems in young children. However, most of these require that parents meet in groups. This is not always feasible. It is therefore a need to develop treatments that can deal with parents and families individually. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is such an individually based treatment. Efficacy studies indicate symptom reduction greater that in treatment as usual (TAU). However, there is a need to study its effectiveness in ordinary clinical practise. This trial will study its effect in ordinary psychiatric clinics in the middle of Norway and compare it to the regular treatment (TAU) provided to young children with behavior problems in these clinics.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Behavior Problems
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Behavioral: Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
    Parents will be trained in interaction with their children in ways which foster non-hostility and cooperation in their children. By means of an ear-plug they will receive instruction on how to play and set limits for their child from their therapist who watches the interaction through a one-way mirror. Treatment is given until the parent masters these skill, which commonly takes 15-20 session of 1 hour.
  • Behavioral: TAU
    Usual treatment for behavioral disorders
  • Experimental: PCIT
    Provision of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
    Intervention: Behavioral: Parent-Child Interaction Therapy
  • Active Comparator: TAU
    Treatment as usual from other therapists in the same clinics
    Intervention: Behavioral: TAU
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
63
March 2013
January 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Referred to Child mental health specialty clinic for behavioral or attentional/hyperactive problems
  • ECBI score of > 120
  • 2 to 7 years of age
  • Parental consent to the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Psychosis or serious drug abuse in parents
  • Lack of sufficient proficiency in Norwegian to fill in the questionnaires
  • Mental retardation or pervasive developmental disorder in the child
  • Suspicion of parental neglect or abuse of the child warranting a report to the child protection services
Both
2 Years to 7 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Norway
 
NCT01085305
4.2006.789
No
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
St. Olavs Hospital
Study Director: Lars Wichstrøm, prof Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
August 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP