Conservative Treatment of Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders (D1P2-TMD)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Iowa
Schaeffer Chiropractic
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Palmer College of Chiropractic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01021306
First received: November 24, 2009
Last updated: November 15, 2013
Last verified: November 2013

November 24, 2009
November 15, 2013
January 2010
October 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patient-Rated TMD Pain, an 11 point Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 months, 3 months, 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01021306 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) [ Time Frame: baseline, 2, 3 and 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Believability of the sham manipulation, chiropractic care [ Time Frame: baseline, 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Bothersomeness of Symptoms [ Time Frame: baseline, 2, 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Patient expectations of care and TMD improvement [ Time Frame: baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Dental examiner expectations of care and TMD improvement [ Time Frame: baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Patient satisfaction with care [ Time Frame: 2, 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Health care utilization for TMD [ Time Frame: baseline, 2, 3, 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Medication Use [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2, 3 and 6 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Conservative Treatment of Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders
Conservative Treatment of Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders

At any given time, 10 million Americans suffer from temporomandibular disorders (TMD), with a lifetime prevalence of 45% and costs for direct care exceeding $2 billion/year. Little evidence exists regarding the efficacy of specific conservative interventions used to treat TMD and currently there is no "gold standard" of care that is widely accepted by the dental or medical community. This study is a prospective, randomized 4 arm parallel observer-masked pilot study comparing: 1) Activator Methods Chiropractic Technique (AMCT), 2) a conservative dental approach with reversible interocclusal splint therapy, 3) a sham AMCT, and 4) a self-care only group, which includes a standard checklist of self-care jaw relaxation techniques, for a total of 80 patients with chronic myofascial TMD.

All patients will be offered the self-care checklist of homecare approaches at baseline. Patients will be treated for two months with follow up at 3 and 6 months after enrollment. The primary outcome measure will be an 11 point Numerical Rating Scale for average TMD pain during the past week. Secondary outcomes will include the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), believability of the sham AMCT compared to active AMCT, expectations of and satisfaction with care, medication use, bothersomeness of symptoms and health care utilization. Our project is a collaborative effort between the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research (PCCR) and the University of Iowa (UI) through the College of Dentistry and the General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) Oral and Craniofacial Unit. The PCCR Clinic and Data Core will serve as the data coordinating center and will develop a web-based data collection system for this project. Patient eligibility will be assessed by dental examiners at the UI College of Dentistry using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders to diagnose chronic, Axis I myofascial TMD. Dental care will be provided by a dentist at UI GCRC and chiropractic care will be provided by a private practitioner in close proximity to UI. The aims of this project are to assess the feasibility of conducting a full-scale randomized clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of AMCT for patients with chronic myofascial TMD; determine the most appropriate control group(s) for a full-scale randomized controlled trial; and to estimate the sample size needed for an adequately-powered trial and the recruitment period that would be required. In general, there is a lack of evidence for the efficacy of non-surgical treatment for patients with TMD, including chiropractic interventions. If the beneficial effects of the AMCT are supported in this pilot study, the logistical information gained will allow us to plan a full scale trial for patients suffering pain and disability due to TMD. It is anticipated that such a trial will allow clinicians to make more informed recommendations for treatment of patients with TMD. At the conclusion of this project, we will be well-positioned to prepare an R01 level grant application.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Temporomandibular Disorders
  • Device: Chiropractic w/Activator & Self Care
    This technique uses a hand held instrument to deliver a quick, shallow thrust in a well defined manner. The instrument has two handles that are squeezed together until it clicks, resulting in a shallow, very quick thrust to the segment that is to be adjusted. The AMCT protocol is a structured method of chiropractic treatment that utilized a number of simple biomechanical tests in order to determine where to adjust. These tests are mostly well defined movements of body parts such as extending the head or laterally moving the mandible relative to the rest of the skull. This protocol includes treatment of the full spine and appendages as well as the area immediately around the jaw.
  • Device: Dental Care & Self Care
    Following the dental exam, patients will have maxillary and mandibular polyvinyl siloxane impressions made. Interocclusal records will be made with a fast setting silicone using a metal tray. A commercial laboratory will then wax and heat process a clear acrylic resin splint attempting to capture the mandibular cusp tips in the occlusal plan of the splint. The splint will be adjusted to provide uniform posterior centric occlusal stops followed by evaluation for canine guidance. The splint will then be polished and home care instruction provided. Patients will be instructed to wear the splint at night and two hours per day.
  • Other: Sham AMCT
    This protocol will attempt to follow all of the procedures of the actual AMCT protocol except that when a thrust is given with the Activator instrument, the clinician will place the thumb of his left hand over the spot that would normally be adjusted. The tip of the instrument them will be placed very close to, but not touching the thumb. Consequently, the patient will feel the contact of the clinician's thumb on the spot that would be normally adjusted, and will hear the click of the instrument, but no thrust will be delivered to the patient.
  • Other: Self-Care Only Group
    Self care consists of an initial set of standard patient self performed treatments which will include jaw relaxation exercises, reduction of parafunction, thermal packs, low dose NSAIDs, passive opening stretches and suggestions for stress reduction.
  • Active Comparator: Chiropractic w/Activator & Self Care
    This technique uses a hand held instrument to deliver a quick, shallow thrust in a well defined manner.
    Intervention: Device: Chiropractic w/Activator & Self Care
  • Active Comparator: Dental Care & Self Care
    Intraoral splints are removable orthopedic appliances fabricated of hard acrylic resin positioned between the remaining teeth of the patient. They are designed in theory to support the function of the TMJ and relieve associated pain. Stabilization splints are believed to function by stabilizing the intracapsular structure of the TMJ, reducing activity of masticatory muscles, distributing occlusal forces, and reducing bruxism (teeth grinding).
    Intervention: Device: Dental Care & Self Care
  • Sham Comparator: Sham AMCT & Self Care
    This protocol will attempt to follow all of the procedures of the actual AMCT protocol except no thrust will be delivered. Self-care only participants successfully completing the 6 month assessment will be given the option for RIST or AMCT for one month.
    Intervention: Other: Sham AMCT
  • Placebo Comparator: Self-care only group
    All patients will be offered the self-care checklist of homecare approaches at baseline. Self-care only participants successfully completing the 6 months assessment will be given the option for RIST or AMCT for one month.
    Intervention: Other: Self-Care Only Group
DeVocht JW, Goertz CM, Hondras MA, Long CR, Schaeffer W, Thomann L, Spector M, Stanford CM. A pilot study of a chiropractic intervention for management of chronic myofascial temporomandibular disorder. J Am Dent Assoc. 2013 Oct;144(10):1154-63.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
80
May 2012
October 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 21 years or older
  • TMD symptoms for at least 6 months
  • Must have 7-8 teeth per dental arch that are in occlusion (can be restored teeth or dental implants with crowns or fixed dental bridgework)
  • Typical TMD pain during the past week > = 3 on an 11 point Numerical Rating Scale
  • RDC/TMD Axis I diagnosis of myofascial pain (Group Ia or Ib) with or without a concurrent diagnosis of arthralgia (Group IIIa) or disk displacement with reduction (Group IIa)
  • Stable prescription medication plan: no changes in prescription medication for pain during the past month

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current or pending litigation for a personal injury case, worker's compensation, or disability
  • Participants with unstable periodontitis and/or a dental condition with untreated disease (e.g., caries). Participants may elect to have her/his dental care provided to stabilize their dental condition prior to randomization.
  • Subjects with Canine Class II malocclusion that would prohibit fabrication of RIST appliance
  • Cases that need further diagnostic procedures to rule in or rule out the condition (i.e., MRI or CT scan)
  • Systemic arthritis or other serious medical condition necessitating maximum daily dosing of COX-2 inhibitor or NSAIDs, (All NSAID use will be recorded in the daily diary as a part of the Self-Care data recording).
  • Participants presenting with complete dentures
  • Any treatment for TMD during the previous month, except for non-prescription medications or a stable prescription medication regimen for TMD.
  • Inability to read or verbally comprehend English
  • Unwillingness to be enrolled in any of the four intervention groups.
  • Unwillingness to postpone other forms of treatment for TMD during the two month active care phase (except for non-prescription medications or continuation of a stable prescription medication regimen).
  • Unwillingness to postpone any chiropractic care during the two month active care phase.
  • Intention to move from the area during the next seven months
  • Ever had active chiropractor care for TMD pain
  • Drug or alcohol abuse
  • Pregnant or planning to be pregnant during next seven months
  • MVA or other trauma in the last six months
  • Facial pain/TMD not worst pain
  • General poor health
  • Extensive dental work in past 6 months including orthodontics
  • Serious co-morbid conditions, including: Lupus Erythematosus, Sjogren's Syndrome, Multiple Sclerosis, Symptomatic Trigeminal Neuralgia (tic/tic douloureux) or any other neuralgia of the face, Thyroid problem not controlled by medication, Uncontrolled diabetes, Rheumatoid arthritis, Fibromyalgia, Polymyalgia Rheumatic, Giant Cell Arteritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Reiters Syndrome, Bechets Syndrome, Crohn's Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Parkinson's Disease, Tardive Dyskinesia, Active seizure disorder, Stroke with head and neck symptoms, Addison's Disease, Cushing's Disease
  • Have had or ever had any type of head or neck surgery within the last 6 months
  • Have had or ever had radiation treatment to the head and/or neck
  • Have had or ever had surgery of your jaw joints, not including arthroscopic surgery
  • Have had or ever had Herpes Zoster or shingles in the face
Both
21 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01021306
DCRC1-P2, 5U19AT004663-02
Yes
Palmer College of Chiropractic
Palmer College of Chiropractic
  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
  • University of Iowa
  • Schaeffer Chiropractic
Principal Investigator: James W DeVocht, DC, PhD Palmer College of Chiropractic
Palmer College of Chiropractic
November 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP