Safety and Tolerability of Azilsartan Medoxomil Plus Chlorthalidone Compared to Olmesartan Medoxomil Plus Hydrochlorothiazide in Participants With Essential Hypertension

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00996281
First received: October 12, 2009
Last updated: October 15, 2012
Last verified: October 2012

October 12, 2009
October 15, 2012
October 2009
November 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Percentage of Participants With at Least 1 Adverse Event [ Time Frame: From Week 0 (Day 1) to Week 52. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
An adverse event is defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product without regard to causality.
Percentage of subjects with Adverse Events. [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00996281 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Percentage of Participants With Serum Creatinine Elevations Greater Than 50% From Baseline and Greater Than the Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Serum creatinine was measured at every visit and evaluated as a laboratory parameter of special interest. The percentage of participants with creatinine increase ≥50% from Baseline and greater than ULN was summarized: - At any visit (includes transient and persistent elevations). - At the Final Visit (includes persistent elevations and participants whose first elevation may have been at the Final Visit). - At least 2 consecutive visits (includes only persistent elevations).
Percentage of subjects with serum creatinine elevations from baseline greater than 50% and greater than the upper limit of normal. [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety and Tolerability of Azilsartan Medoxomil Plus Chlorthalidone Compared to Olmesartan Medoxomil Plus Hydrochlorothiazide in Participants With Essential Hypertension
A Phase 3, Open-Label, Randomized, Long-Term Comparison of the Safety and Tolerability of the TAK-491 Plus Chlorthalidone Fixed-Dose Combination vs. Olmesartan Medoxomil-Hydrochlorothiazide Fixed-Dose Combination in Subjects With Essential Hypertension

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and tolerability of azilsartan medoxomil plus chlorthalidone, once daily (QD), versus olmesartan medoxomil-hydrochlorothiazide in adults with essential hypertension.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is the most common cause of preventable death in developed nations. Uncontrolled hypertension greatly increases the risk of heart disease, brain disease, and kidney failure. As the population ages, the incidence of hypertension will continue to increase if effective preventive measures are not implemented. Despite the availability of antihypertensive agents, hypertension is not adequately controlled; only about one in three patients successfully keep blood pressure normal.

Treatment for high blood pressure includes thiazides or thiazide-like diuretics, either alone or as part of combination treatment. Chlorthalidone is a commercially available, orally administered thiazide-type diuretic agent.

TAK-491 (azilsartan) is an angiotensin II receptor blocker being evaluated by Takeda to treat patients with high blood pressure (essential hypertension).

This study will compare the safety and tolerability of azilsartan medoxomil plus chlorthalidone (TAK-491CLD) fixed-dose combination to olmesartan medoxomil-hydrochlorothiazide fixed-dose combination.

Initially patients will undergo a Screening Visit to confirm that they are eligible to participate in the study. All participants will receive the study drug for up to 52 weeks. The dose of the study drug may be gradually increased throughout the study so that a target blood pressure value can be reached for each participant.

Throughout the treatment period of the study, participants will be required to visit the research site for 11 visits. At these study visits participants will be required to undergo certain study procedures including physical examinations, vital sign measurements (blood pressure, heart rate, weight and height), electrocardiograms (monitoring of the heart), and blood and urine samples taken for clinical laboratory tests.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Essential Hypertension
  • Drug: Azilsartan medoxomil and chlorthalidone
    Combination tablet.
    Other Name: TAK-491CLD
  • Drug: Olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide
    Combination tablet.
    Other Names:
    • Benicar HCT®
    • Olmetec Plus®
  • Experimental: Azilsartan Medoxomil and Chlorthalidone

    Azilsartan medoxomil 40 mg and chlorthalidone 12.5 mg combination tablet, orally, once daily for up to 52 weeks.

    For participants who did not achieve target blood pressure by Week 4, titration to a maximum dose of azilsartan medoxomil 80 mg and chlorthalidone 25 mg.

    Intervention: Drug: Azilsartan medoxomil and chlorthalidone
  • Active Comparator: Olmesartan Medoxomil and Hydrochlorothiazide QD

    Participants in the United States:

    Olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg combination tablet, orally, once daily for up to 52 weeks. For participants who did not achieve target blood pressure by Week 4, titration to a maximum dose of Olmesartan medoxomil 40 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg.

    Participants in Europe:

    Olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg combination tablet, orally, once daily for up to 52 weeks. For participants who did not achieve target blood pressure by Week 4, titration to a maximum dose of Olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg.

    Intervention: Drug: Olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
837
November 2011
November 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Is treated with antihypertensive therapy and has a post-washout mean sitting clinic systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 160 and less than or equal to 190 mm Hg on Day, or has not received antihypertensive treatment within 14 days prior to Screening and has a mean sitting clinic systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 160 and less than or equal to 190 mm Hg at the Screening Visit and on Day 1.
  • Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active agree to routinely use adequate contraception, and can neither be pregnant nor lactating from before study participation to Screening to 30 days after the last study drug dose.
  • Has clinical laboratory test results within the reference range for the testing laboratory or the investigator does not consider the results to be clinically significant.
  • Is willing to discontinue current antihypertensive medications up to 3 weeks before enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a mean clinic diastolic blood pressure (sitting, trough) greater than 119 mm Hg on Day 1.
  • Has secondary hypertension of any etiology (eg, renovascular disease, pheochromocytoma, Cushing's syndrome).
  • Has a recent history (within the last 6 months) of myocardial infarction, heart failure, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass graft, percutaneous coronary intervention, hypertensive encephalopathy, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack.
  • Has clinically significant cardiac conduction defects (ie, third-degree atrioventricular block, sick sinus syndrome).
  • Has hemodynamically significant left ventricular outflow obstruction due to aortic valvular disease.
  • Has severe renal dysfunction or disease.
  • Has known or suspected unilateral or bilateral renal artery stenosis.
  • Has a history of cancer that has not been in remission for at least 5 years prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Has poorly-controlled type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus at Screening.
  • Has hypokalemia or hyperkalemia at Screening.
  • Has an alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase level of greater than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal, active liver disease, or jaundice at Screening.
  • Has any other known serious disease or condition that would compromise safety, might affect life expectancy, or make it difficult to successfully manage and follow according to the protocol.
  • Has known hypersensitivity to angiotensin II receptor blockers or thiazide-type diuretics or other sulfonamide-derived compounds.
  • Has been randomized/enrolled in a previous azilsartan or azilsartan medoxomil plus chlorthalidone study.
  • Currently is participating in another investigational study or has received any investigational compound within 30 days prior to Screening.
  • Has a history of drug abuse or a history of alcohol abuse within the past 2 years.
  • Is taking or expected to take any excluded medication, including:

    • Antihypertensive medications must be discontinued completely by Day -14, except antihypertensive medications used in the open-label treatment period in accordance with the titration-to-target blood pressure titration.
    • Angiotensin II receptor blockers or thiazide-type diuretics other than study medication.
    • Over-the-counter products not permitted by investigator.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Austria,   Germany,   Netherlands,   Poland,   United Kingdom
 
NCT00996281
TAK-491CLD_308, 2008-008260-28, U1111-1111-7891
No
Takeda
Takeda
Not Provided
Study Director: Executive Medical Director, Clinical Science Takeda
Takeda
October 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP