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Study to Evaluate the Effects of Colesevelam on Insulin Sensitivity and ß-Cell Function in Subjects With Impaired Fasting Glucose (Prediabetes)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00990184
First received: October 2, 2009
Last updated: October 22, 2012
Last verified: October 2012

October 2, 2009
October 22, 2012
September 2009
October 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Acute Insulin Response (AIRg) to Intravenous Glucose [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Increase in insulin following glucose injection. AIRg is measured as the magnitude of the insulin response to an intravenous glucose injection calculated over the 10 minutes following glucose administration.
Measure ß-cell function by evaluating the acute insulin response (AIRg) to an intravenous glucose load in subjects with prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00990184 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Insulin Sensitivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tissue response to circulating insulin in the blood. Insulin sensitivity is measured using a mathematical model that quantifies the fractional rate of change in glucose concentrations per unit of insulin. Low values are insulin resistant and high values are insulin sensitive. *Please note: the "-1" in the Unit of Measure should be a superscripted value.
  • Glucose Disappearance Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of fall of glucose in the blood
glucose disappearance rate and insulin sensitivity in subjects with impaired fasting glucose [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Study to Evaluate the Effects of Colesevelam on Insulin Sensitivity and ß-Cell Function in Subjects With Impaired Fasting Glucose (Prediabetes)
A Single-Blind Study to Evaluate the Effects of Colesevelam on Insulin Sensitivity and ß-Cell Function in Subjects With Impaired Fasting Glucose (Prediabetes)

The objective of this study is to determine the effect of 8 weeks of treatment with colesevelam HCl 3.75 g once daily with the evening meal on ß-cell function by evaluating the acute insulin response (AIRg) to an intravenous glucose load in subjects with prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose).

Colesevelam is a bile acid sequestrant that was initially approved for treatment of patients with dyslipidemia. Subsequently it was observed that patients with type 2 diabetes receiving this medication had improved glucose control. However, the mechanism(s) by which it lowers glucose concentrations has not been determined.

Glucose metabolism is enhanced following oral nutrient ingestion by the action of the incretin hormones. The two major incretin hormones are the peptides glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP), which are released from the intestinal tract wall in response to a meal. Of these two peptides, GLP-1 appears to be more important in regulating glucose metabolism. In the presence of elevated plasma glucose, GLP-1 promotes insulin release from the ß-cells of the pancreas. GLP-1 also suppresses glucagon release, and thereby inhibits hepatic glucose output. Administration of GLP-1 by infusion or by subcutaneous injection has been shown to improve glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetic patients.

The purpose of this study is therefore to determine in a cohort of individuals with prediabetes, who have an elevated fasting plasma glucose and are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, whether the glucose lowering properties of colesevelam occur by it improving insulin sensitivity, islet ß-cell function or both. Further, by assessing the effect of colesevelam on incretin hormone release, it will be possible to determine whether any improvement in islet ß-cell function is due to enhanced incretin stimulation.

Interventional
Phase 3
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Impaired Fasting Glucose
  • Prediabetes
  • Drug: Colesevelam
    colesevelam HCl 3.75 g once daily orally with the evening meal
    Other Name: colesevelam HCl
  • Other: placebo
    tablet (s) orally given with evening meal
    Other Name: placebo
Experimental: Colesevelam Hydrochloride
Interventions:
  • Drug: Colesevelam
  • Other: placebo
Marina AL, Utzschneider KM, Wright LA, Montgomery BK, Marcovina SM, Kahn SE. Colesevelam improves oral but not intravenous glucose tolerance by a mechanism independent of insulin sensitivity and β-cell function. Diabetes Care. 2012 May;35(5):1119-25. doi: 10.2337/dc11-2050. Epub 2012 Mar 23.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
21
October 2010
October 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females (postmenopausal, surgically sterile or using double-barrier method of contraception), aged 18-75 years, FPG 100-115 mg/dl at screening (average of 2 measurements during screening; no individual measurement outside of the range 92-125 mg/dl)
  • In good health as determined by past medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram, laboratory tests and urinalysis
  • HbA1c <6.5% at screening
  • Body mass index (BMI) in the range of 22-40 kg/m2 inclusive and with a stable (+/-2.5 kg) weight for the last 6 months
  • Subjects must be willing to:

    • Maintain prior exercise and dietary habits throughout the study
    • Comply with all study requirements
    • Provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or that have taken glucose-lowering agents or insulin, except during pregnancy
  • Chronic oral or parenteral corticosteroid treatment (>7 consecutive days of treatment) within 8 weeks prior to screening
  • HIV protease inhibitors
  • Warfarin or phenytoin use
  • Triglycerides >500 mg/dl
  • History of major gastrointestinal tract surgery such as gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy, or bowel resection
  • History of dysphagia, swallowing disorders or intestinal motility disorder
  • History of pancreatitis
  • Uncontrolled hypothyroidism
  • Individuals with clinical hepatic disease or liver function tests greater than ≥2 times upper limits of normal within 30 days preceding the first dose of study drug
  • On a weight loss program with ongoing weight loss, or starting an intensive exercise program within 4 weeks of study initiation
  • Current or prior (within the past 3 months) treatment with a bile acid sequestrant (colesevelam, colestipol, colestimide, or cholestyramine)
  • Use of any investigational drug in the last 30 days
  • Donation of one unit (500 ml) or more of blood, significant blood loss equaling at least one unit of blood within the past 2 weeks or a blood transfusion within 8 weeks prior to screening
  • Employment by the research center
Both
18 Years to 75 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT00990184
1.2
Yes
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research
VA Puget Sound Health Care System
Principal Investigator: Steven E Kahn, MB CHB VA Puget Sound HealthCare System
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research
October 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP