Remote Ischemic Preconditioning In Abdominal Organ Transplantation (RIPCOT)

This study is enrolling participants by invitation only.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ( University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00975702
First received: September 10, 2009
Last updated: January 20, 2012
Last verified: January 2012

September 10, 2009
January 20, 2012
April 2009
June 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Organ Recovery [ Time Frame: 1 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Organs Recovered and Transplanted per donor
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00975702 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Remote Ischemic Preconditioning In Abdominal Organ Transplantation
Phase III Study of Efficacy of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Improving Outcomes in Organ Transplantation

Does remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) induced by a brief period of occlusion of blood flow to the lower extremity prior to organ recovery in deceased donors, improve short and long term outcomes after transplantation of kidneys, livers and pancreas? To test this hypothesis deceased organ donors will be randomized to receive either RIPC or No RIPC before organ recovery. RIPC will be induced in the operating room after commencement of procurement surgery. RIPC will be induced by tourniquet-induced occlusion of blood flow to the lower extremity for 10 minutes in each side, for a total duration of 20 minutes. The remainder of the organ recovery and organ preservation will be as per standard of practice. Recovered livers, kidneys and pancreas will be transplanted into allocated recipients. Transplantation and patient management after transplantation will be as per standard of practice.

Organ-specific function and cell injury parameters will be utilized to assess the early postoperative outcomes of individual organs and recipients. Long term outcomes will be assessed by graft and recipient survival.

Deceased organ donors and recipients of kidneys, livers and pancreata from the study donors comprise the study subjects.

I. DONORS

I. A. Inclusion Criteria All deceased organ donors aged > 5 years in acute care hospitals in the donor service area of the New Jersey Organ and Tissue Sharing Network (NJTO).

I.B. Exclusion criteria

  1. Tissue only donors
  2. Age < 5 years
  3. When it is known before organ recovery that both kidneys will be leaving New JerseyIntervention: RIPC will be induced by inflation of a tourniquet around the upper thigh to 200 mm of Hg for a period of 10 minutes. After tourniquet deflation on one side, a similar procedure will be followed immediately on the opposite side. Thus, a total period of 20 minutes of lower extremity vascular occlusion will be utilized to induce RIPC. In instances of severe trauma to one lower extremity precluding tourniquet use, we will employ two cycles of 10 minutes of tourniquet occlusion in the non-traumatized lower extremity with 10 min of reperfusion in between. RIPC will be induced after commencement of procurement surgery but completed 30-45 min before circulatory arrest and initiation of organ perfusion.

    Additionally, liver biopsies (a wedge measuring 0.75 x 0.75 cm and a Tru-cut needle biopsy from the right lobe) are performed in as soon as the abdomen is opened. A wedge (1 x 0.3 cm) kidney biopsy is performed in all donors after kidney recovery but before packing the organs. All biopsies except kidney biopsies in donors aged < 50 years, are as per standard of care. The remainder of organ recovery, organ packaging and preservation are as per standard of practice. All kidneys recovered from donors classified as Extended Criteria Donors (donor age > 60 years or age 50-59 years with two of the following three criteria- cerebrovascular cause of death, a history of hypertension, terminal serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL) are routinely perfused ex-vivo in a pulsatile hypothermic perfusion apparatus until transplantation.

    . This may happen in a few instances either because of excellent tissue match with recipients outside New Jersey or in high risk behavior donors where all NJ kidney transplant centers have declined donor kidneys before organ recovery

  4. Deceased donors in whom a decision is made not to recover both kidneys (severe kidney disease, renal failure, etc)
  5. Severe trauma to both lower extremities precluding induction of RIPC
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Kidney Transplant
  • Liver Transplant
  • Pancreas Transplant
Procedure: Remote Ischemic Preconditioning by Inflation of Pneumatic Tourniquet
Pneumatic tourniquets will be placed on both lower extremities in all deceased donor subjects. In the RIPC group the tourniquets will be inflated sequentially for 10 min each followed by deflation, approximately, 30-60 min prior to aortic crossclamping and organ perfusion.
  • No Intervention: No RIPC Group
    This group is the control group or the comparator group with no RIPC
  • Experimental: RIPC Group
    In this group deceased donors will receive RIPC prior to organ recovery
    Intervention: Procedure: Remote Ischemic Preconditioning by Inflation of Pneumatic Tourniquet

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Enrolling by invitation
580
December 2012
June 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All deceased organ donors aged > 5 years in acute care hospitals in the donor service area of the New Jersey Organ and Tissue Sharing Network (NJTO).

DONORS

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Tissue only donors
  • Age < 5 years
  • When it is known before organ recovery that both kidneys will be leaving New Jersey. This may happen in a few instances either because of excellent tissue match with recipients outside New Jersey or in high risk behavior donors where all NJ kidney transplant centers have declined donor kidneys before organ recovery
  • Deceased donors in whom a decision is made not to recover both kidneys (severe kidney disease, renal failure, etc)
  • Severe trauma to both lower extremities precluding induction of RIPC

RECIPIENTS - KIDNEY

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who receive a kidney from an enrolled donor at one of the five kidney transplant centers in New Jersey, HUH, NBIMC, SBMC, RWJUH and OLMC. No kidney recipients will be enrolled at UH because UH does not perform isolated kidney transplantation.

Exclusion Criteria :

  • All live donor kidney transplants performed at participating kidney transplant centers
  • Recipients of deceased donor kidneys imported from outside NJTO
  • Recipients of kidneys from deceased donors < 5 years of age
  • Recipients of combined liver and kidney transplantation, which are performed only at UH and OLMC. The numbers of such transplants are very few per year (<5). Also, the clinical and pathophysiological issues are different from those requiring isolated kidney transplantation
  • Recipients of en bloc (both kidneys together into one recipient) kidney transplantation from study donors. It is anticipated that such instances will be very few per year (<5)
  • Recipients of kidneys from deceased donors not enrolled in the study due to logistical reasons.

RECIPIENTS - LIVER

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All recipients of livers from deceased donors enrolled in this study and who receive their transplants at either of the two liver transplant centers in New Jersey, UH or OLMC.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Live donor recipients
  • Recipients of livers imported from outside NJTO
  • Recipients of deceased donor livers from donors < 5 years of age
  • Recipients of livers from deceased donors not enrolled in the study due to logistical reasons

RECIPIENTS - PANCREAS

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All recipients of solid organ pancreas (isolated pancreas transplant or combined kidney pancreas transplant) from deceased donors enrolled in this study and who receive their transplants at one of the four pancreas transplant centers in New Jersey, HUH, SBMC, RWJUH and OLMC. NBIMC and UH do not perform pancreas transplantation

Exclusion Criteria

  • Islet cell transplant recipients
  • Recipients of deceased donor whole organ pancreas imported from outside NJ
  • Recipients of pancreas from deceased donors < 5 years of age
  • Recipients of pancreata from deceased donors not enrolled in the study due to logistical reasons
Both
5 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00975702
0120080212
No
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ( University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey )
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Baburao Koneru, M.D. UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
January 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP