Does Portion Size Influence Intake of Low-Energy-Dense Foods in Preschool-Aged Children?

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Tennessee
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00936507
First received: July 8, 2009
Last updated: July 9, 2009
Last verified: July 2009

July 8, 2009
July 9, 2009
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00936507 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Does Portion Size Influence Intake of Low-Energy-Dense Foods in Preschool-Aged Children?
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The purpose of this randomized controlled study using a crossover design is to investigate the main effect of portion size and food type (low-energy dense vs. high-energy dense) on caloric intake.

The purpose of this investigation is to examine the impact of portion size on intake of a low energy dense food (fruit). Preschool-aged children will be provided with a small and large portion of applesauce (low-energy-dense food) and chocolate pudding (higher-energy-dense food) and allowed to eat the foods ad libitum during an afternoon snack in their usual preschool classroom. Measures of the amount of each food (grams and kilocalories) consumed will be taken.

The following hypotheses are proposed:

  1. A significant main effect of portion size will occur, such that children will consume more food, both in grams and kilocalories, in the large portion as compared to the small portion conditions.
  2. A main effect of food type on caloric intake will occur, such that children will consume less calories in the applesauce condition as compared to the pudding condition, due to the differences in energy density of these foods. It is not anticipated that a difference in grams consumed from each food will occur.
Interventional
Phase 0
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Caloric Intake
Other: Energy Density/Portion Size
Experimental: Energy Density/Portion Size
Intervention: Other: Energy Density/Portion Size
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children that are ≥3 years of age enrolled in the ELC preschool with parental consent can participate.
  • Eligible children must also like both the applesauce and the pudding, and be able to consume foods with a spoon.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children allergic to applesauce or chocolate pudding or who are lactose- intolerant will not be included in the study.
  • Did not attend all feeding sessions.
  • Did not consume more than 5 grams from any of the foods on an occasion.
Both
3 Years and older
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Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00936507
1-Smith
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Shannon Looney, BS/Hollie Raynor, PhD, RD Assistant Professor, University of Tennessee
University of Tennessee
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University of Tennessee
July 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP