Influence of Simvastatin on Apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) Secretion (SVS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University Hospital, Bonn
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00905541
First received: May 18, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: May 2009
History: No changes posted

May 18, 2009
May 18, 2009
November 1998
March 1999   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
apoB-100 kinetic parameters [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
Lipoprotein concentrations [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Influence of Simvastatin on Apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) Secretion
Influence of Simvastatin on apoB-100 Secretion in Non-Obese Subjects With Moderate Hypercholesterolemia: A Stable Isotope Study

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A-reductase inhibitors (statins) decrease apolipoprotein B-100-containing lipoproteins by increasing their fractional catabolic rates through low-density lipoproteins (LDL) receptor-mediated uptake. Their influence on hepatic secretion of these lipoproteins is controversial. The current study investigates whether simvastatin influences lipoprotein secretion.

3-Hydroxy-3 methylglutaryl (HMG) coenzyme A-reductase inhibitors (statins) have an established role in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Their efficacy in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in secondary and primary prevention has been demonstrated in large prospective trials. HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors inhibit competitively the rate-limiting enzyme of endogenous cholesterol biosynthesis. As a consequence, the intracellular pool of free cholesterol decreases and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors are up-regulated, leading to an increased receptor-mediated clearance of LDL from plasma. This mechanism is responsible for a large proportion of their cholesterol-lowering effect. However, a statin-induced decrease in lipoprotein production has also been proposed as a mechanism for their lipid-lowering effects. The underlying mechanisms in vivo, however, that would mediate such an effect, are not fully understood. Except for their pronounced cholesterol-lowering properties, statins have also a modest effect (about 15 to 20%) in decreasing triglyceride concentrations. In subjects with high intra-abdominal fat stores, an increased flux of free fatty acids to the liver produces an increased rate of hepatic triglyceride synthesis, which in turn leads to increased very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) production, since the latter is partly determined by the intracellular availability of triglycerides. This is also found in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus and there are a number of studies showing that in this pathophysiologic state statins are able to decrease lipoprotein production. Interestingly, in obese individuals it has been shown that statins increase the catabolism of apoB-100-containing lipoproteins but do not alter their rates of production or secretion.

In the present study we focus on subjects with near normal body weight (mean body mass index 25 +- 3 kg/m2) and normal serum triglyceride concentrations to investigate, in the fasting state, whether statins influence hepatic lipoprotein production. Since recent evidence suggests that the supply of cholesterol available for incorporation into nascent lipoprotein particles also exerts a regulatory influence on apoB secretion by the liver, we investigate in addition the acute inhibitory effects of a high bolus dose of simvastatin in order to stimulate LDL receptor expression to a maximum degree.

The main goal of the present study is to determine the influence of simvastatin on apoB-100 appearance rates and lipoprotein kinetics in fasting non-obese subjects with moderate hypercholesterolemia. For this purpose, each subject will be investigated with three turnover protocols: once without treatment, once during chronic simvastatin treatment at a standard dosage, and once during chronic simvastatin treatment after an additional acute-on-chronic high bolus dose of simvastatin.

Interventional
Not Provided
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Hypercholesterolemia
  • Drug: simvastatin
    40 mg/day
  • Drug: simvastatin
    80 mg simvastatin acute-on-chronic
  • No Intervention: No treatment
    Phase A: No treatment
  • Experimental: simvastatin chronic
    Phase B: 40 mg/day simvastatin
    Intervention: Drug: simvastatin
  • Experimental: simvastatin acute-on-chronic
    Phase C: 80 mg simvastatin acute-on-chronic
    Intervention: Drug: simvastatin
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
8
March 2000
March 1999   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Hypercholesterolemia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Obesity
  • Treatment with lipid-lowering drugs
Male
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Germany
 
NCT00905541
SVS0001
No
Heiner K. Berthold, MD, PhD, University of Bonn
University Hospital, Bonn
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Heiner K. Berthold, MD, PhD University of Bonn
University Hospital, Bonn
May 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP