Pacific Kids DASH for Health (PacDASH)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Hawaii
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kaiser Permanente
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00905411
First received: May 18, 2009
Last updated: June 13, 2013
Last verified: November 2011

May 18, 2009
June 13, 2013
February 2008
December 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Develop/evaluate effectiveness of a community-based intervention targets children of the Pacific Region who are overweight in order to slow and prevent further weight gain (for children to "grow into their weight") [ Time Frame: Feb 2008 - Feb 2012 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00905411 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Pacific Kids DASH for Health
Pacific Kids DASH for Health

The increasing prevalence of childhood overweight has been found to be related to decreased levels of physical activity (PA) and increased energy content of the diet. Childhood offers an opportunity to develop and support health-promoting behaviors. Pacific Kids DASH for Health (PacDASH) is a community-based intervention that links food, PA, and health, and targets overweight children in Hawaii with a goal of preventing further weight gain. Components of the intervention include a food and PA prescription delivered by physicians at community-based health centers complemented with a toolbox of activities, behaviorally tailored messages, and PacDASH educational materials. This project will extend and apply the nationally recommended DASH eating pattern to children and the growing population of Asians and Pacific Islanders. The investigators will incorporate culturally preferred foods, recipes, and PA messages that meet DASH and other national guidelines. The approach will target child food behaviors and social and environmental cues that are important to making healthy food and PA choices and will provide steps to behavior change. Farmers markets at participating health centers are a support resource for activities. Providing access to, coupons for, and guidance about selecting and preparing fresh fruits and vegetables at a convenient health center farmers market will support increased intake of nutrient-rich foods among these children who are overweight and at risk for obesity.

Pacific Islanders are among the world's most obese populations while Asians, although of relatively low body mass index (BMI), carry much of their body fat in the upper body and exhibit greater health risk at the same BMI. Through this project, the investigators hope to learn more about body size and composition in children of the Pacific Region for whom there are few national data. In addition, evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention within a health care system on managing overweight in children.

INTRODUCTION The ethnic groups of the Pacific Region are predominantly Pacific Islander and Asian.

Pacific Islanders (PacIsl) are among the world's most obese populations while Asians, although of relatively low body mass index (BMI), carry much of their body fat in the upper body and exhibit greater health risk at the same BMI. Childhood offers an opportunity to develop and support health-promoting behaviors. This project will extend and apply the nationally recommended DASH eating pattern 115, developed for White, African American and Hispanic adults, to children and to the growing population of Asians and PacIsl. We will incorporate culturally-preferred foods, recipes, and physical activities that meet DASH and other national guidelines, with adaptations for children. We will develop the Pacific Kids DASH for Health (PacDASH) intervention in Hawaii, where the majority is of Asian and PacIsl ancestry.

Linking food and health systems is critical to prevent obesity. The PacDASH intervention will include a food and physical activity (PA) prescription delivered by a physician at a community-based health center (HC), in partnership with farmers' markets (FM) that are based at the HC, and complemented with a toolbox of related activities. The intervention approach supports child food behaviors and social and environmental cues, which are important to making healthy food and PA choices. Linking physicians and health with farmers and food at a convenient HC FM will support increased intake of nutrient-rich, less energy dense foods among children of understudied ethnic groups who are at high risk for obesity.

Project Goal Our goal is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based intervention that links food and health, and targets children of the Pacific Region who are overweight, in order to slow and prevent further weight gain (for children to "grow into their weight").

Specific Objectives

  1. To develop and evaluate the impact of the PacDASH intervention on preventing weight gain and improving blood pressure in children of the Pacific Region.

    1. To further develop and test the Pacific Tracker (PacTrac) dietary assessment and education tool by incorporating updated MyPyramid 112 reference data and educational output, and
    2. To enhance PacTrac with an expert system (ES) of behaviorally-tailored messages and output.
    3. To evaluate the effect of the PacDASH intervention on nutrition and physical activity behavior of children.
  2. To describe environmental, social, economic and cultural factors associated with body size and composition of children of the Pacific Region, for whom there are few national data.

    1. To examine body size and composition of children of the Pacific Region according to several measures.
    2. To examine the influence of individual PacIsl ethnic groups on body size and composition.
Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
  • Overweight
  • Blood Pressure
Behavioral: PacDASH intervention

Effect of the PacDASH intervention on nutrition and physical activity behavior of children.

15 months study.

  • No Intervention: Attention Control / Usual Care
  • Experimental: Intervention
    Intervention: Behavioral: PacDASH intervention
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
88
February 2013
December 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 5 - 8 years old
  2. >85th up to 98th BMI-for-age percentile (overweight)
  3. Children with a primary care provider at MAP
  4. Lives on Oahu
  5. Due for, or scheduled for, a well-child/physical exam visit during months of the pilot study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diabetes Mellitis
  2. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  3. Gastroesophageal Reflux
  4. Gallbladder disease
  5. Non alcoholic fatty liver disease
  6. Pseudo Tumor cerebri
  7. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
  8. Blount's disease
  9. Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Sleep Disturbance
  10. Other chronic disease conditions that would affect participation
Both
5 Years to 8 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00905411
2008-55215-18821, 2007-04557
No
Kaiser Permanente
Kaiser Permanente
University of Hawaii
Principal Investigator: Rachel Novotny, PhD,RD Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Human Nutrition, Food, Animal Sciences Department
Kaiser Permanente
November 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP