Preventing Depression in the Children of Depressed African American Mothers

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2009 by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Information provided by:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Identifier:
First received: May 19, 2009
Last updated: June 25, 2009
Last verified: June 2009

May 19, 2009
June 25, 2009
November 2004
November 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Negative cognitions [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline, after 1 month of treatment, and at post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00904917 on Archive Site
  • Social skills [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Social support [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Preventing Depression in the Children of Depressed African American Mothers
Children of Depressed Mothers: Culture & Prevention

This study will test a program for preventing depression from developing in the children of depressed African American mothers.

The children of depressed women are at an increased risk of developing depression, in addition to other psychological disorders. Studies show that this effect may occur cross culturally, and studies of African American mothers with depression show that their parenting is limited in structure and involvement. Depression may be transmitted from parent to child through exposure to the depressed parent's negative cognitions, behaviors, and affect and through stressors of daily life that accompany living with a depressed person. Previous studies of depression prevention programs for the children of depressed mothers have proved effective in changing negative behaviors and attitudes. This study will test a depression prevention program modified to treat the children of depressed, African American mothers.

Participation in this study will last 2 months. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either an eight-session family-based prevention program or a two-session education control program. Both programs will involve the 8- to 14-year-old child of a depressed African American mother and any other adult family members who want to be involved. Participants in the family-based prevention program and their families will meet weekly with a study therapist to learn about depression, its impact on the family, coping with life stresses, and thinking skills. Although the treatment always will have the same core elements, it will be tailored to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family. The education program will involve two meetings, one 4 weeks and one 6 weeks after enrollment, with a study researcher. Participants and their families in the education program will only receive information on depression and its impact on the family.

Participants will complete assessments at baseline, after 1 month of treatment, and post-treatment. These assessments will include interviews and questionnaires for both children and adults about family functioning, environment, and the child.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Behavioral: Family Prevention Program
    Eight 1-hour sessions, tailored as required to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family; other family members, such as fathers, spouses, and grandparents, will be invited to participate in the intervention
  • Behavioral: Psychoeducation
    Two 1-hour sessions focusing on psychoeducation about depression and its impact on children and the family
  • Experimental: 1
    Participants will take part in a family prevention program for the families of children with a depressed African American mother.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Family Prevention Program
  • Active Comparator: 2
    Participants will receive education about depression.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Psychoeducation
Boyd, R. C., Wooden, T. D., Munro, M., Liu, T., & Ten Have, T. (2008). The impact of community violence exposure on anxiety in children of mothers with depression. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1, 287-299.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
December 2009
November 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria for Mothers:

  • African American
  • Has primary current or past-year DSM-IV diagnosis of major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified (NOS)
  • Parent or guardian and primary caregiver of a child 8 to 14 years old
  • Has resided at least part time for the past year with the targeted child
  • May be receiving psychopharmacological treatment, psychosocial services, or both

Inclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Has an African American mother with a depressive disorder
  • 8 to 14 years old
  • Resides at least part time with mother

Exclusion Criteria for Mothers:

  • Current or lifetime history of schizophrenia
  • Current or lifetime history of bipolar disorder
  • Current or past-year diagnosis of alcohol or drug dependency
  • Serious medical disorder, neurological disorder, condition, or chronic pain that prevents participation
  • Documented mental retardation
  • Current suicide risk sufficient to preclude outpatient treatment

Exclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Currently in treatment for depression or an anxiety disorder
  • Presence of a medical or psychiatric condition contraindicating study intervention, such as mental retardation, suicidality, or pervasive developmental disorder
18 Years and older
Contact: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD 215-590-3945
Contact: Thananya D. Wooden, BS 267-426-0289
United States
K01 MH068619, DSIR 8K-RTCT, IRB NO: 2004-10-4041
Rhonda C. Boyd, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
June 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP