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Studying Cells Collected Through Ductal Lavage in Women Undergoing Surgery for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ or Other Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00896857
First received: May 9, 2009
Last updated: June 4, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

May 9, 2009
June 4, 2013
April 2004
February 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Expression pattern of the programmed cell death (PCD) regulatory genes bcl-2, bax, and bcl-xL in primary ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) cultures [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Induction of PCD by antisense oligonucleotides and/or tamoxifen citrate in primary DCIS cell cultures [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Expression pattern of the PCD regulatory genes bcl-2, bax, and bcl-xL in cells obtained by breast ductal lavage [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Induction of PCD by antisense oligonucleotides and/or tamoxifen citrate in cells obtained by breast ductal lavage [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00896857 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Studying Cells Collected Through Ductal Lavage in Women Undergoing Surgery for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ or Other Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer Prevention by Inducing Apoptosis in DCIS Using Breast Ductal Lavage

RATIONALE: Studying samples of tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer.

PURPOSE: This laboratory study is evaluating cells collected through ductal lavage in women undergoing surgery for ductal carcinoma in situ or other breast cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the expression pattern of the programmed cell death (PCD) regulatory genes bcl-2, bax, and bcl-xL in primary ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) cultures.
  • Determine whether down-regulation by genetic manipulation of the anti-apoptotic genes bcl-2 and/or bcl-xL, alone or in conjunction with physiological preventive doses of tamoxifen citrate, has the highest induction of PCD in primary DCIS cell cultures.
  • Determine the expression pattern of the PCD regulatory genes bcl-2, bax, and bcl-xL in cells obtained by breast ductal lavage.
  • Determine whether down-regulation by genetic manipulation of the anti-apoptotic genes bcl-2 and/or bcl-xL, alone or in conjunction with physiological preventive doses of tamoxifen citrate, has the highest induction of PCD in cells obtained by breast ductal lavage.

OUTLINE: Patients undergo breast lavage to collect primary epithelial cells for cytological analysis before a planned surgical procedure. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) tissue samples obtained from surgery are used to establish primary DCIS cell cultures. The DCIS cells and primary epithelial cells obtained by ductal lavage are analyzed for endogenous protein levels of bcl-2, bax, and bcl-xL, using western blotting and immunohistochemical staining, to determine the appropriate antisense oligonucleotide molecule that will be used to induce apoptosis. The DCIS cells and primary epithelial cells obtained by ductal lavage are treated with antisense oligonucleotides and/or a physiological chemopreventive dose of tamoxifen citrate to determine which will provide the highest induction of cell death. The effect of these treatments on protein expression is analyzed by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The effect of these treatments on markers of programed cell death (PCD) (i.e., DNA fragmentation and caspase activation) is also analyzed. Changes in mRNA expression are analyzed using a PCR-based quantitation assay.

Results from the molecular marker assays are not provided to the patients.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample

Women Undergoing Surgery for Ductal Carcinoma In Situ or Other Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer
  • Genetic: RNA analysis
  • Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
  • Genetic: protein expression analysis
  • Genetic: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction
  • Genetic: western blotting
  • Other: immunoenzyme technique
  • Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Procedure: breast duct lavage
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
70
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February 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Agrees to undergo breast surgical procedure AND meets one of the following criteria:

    • Scheduled to undergo breast biopsy based on suspicious mammographic or clinical breast examination findings
    • Diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or carcinoma in the breast to be studied (opposite breast may also be studied)
  • Hormone receptor status not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Female
  • Pre- or post-menopausal
  • Not currently pregnant or pregnant within the past 12 months
  • Must not have lactated within the past 12 months
  • No active infection or inflammation in the breast to be studied
  • No known allergy to lidocaine, prilocaine, or marcaine (bupivacaine)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior subareolar surgery or other breast procedure that may disrupt the ductal system within 2 cm of the nipple in the breast to be studied
  • No prior breast implant that disrupts the ductal architecture in the breast to be studied
  • No prior silicone injections in the breast to be studied
  • No prior radiotherapy to the breast to be studied
  • No chemotherapy within the past 6 months

    • Concurrent prophylactic chemotherapy allowed
  • No concurrent participation in another research study that may conflict with or affect the outcome of this study
Female
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No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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NCT00896857
CCCWFU-74A04, CDR0000579246, CCCWFU-BG04-063
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Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Patrick P. Koty, PhD Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
June 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP