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A Study of MK-0869 (Aprepitant) and MK-0517 (Fosaprepitant) in Pediatric Participants Receiving Chemotherapy (MK-0869-134)

This study has been terminated.
(Study terminated early prior to completing targeted enrollment of participants <6 months of age due to recruitment challenges.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00818259
First received: January 6, 2009
Last updated: November 14, 2014
Last verified: November 2014

January 6, 2009
November 14, 2014
February 2009
January 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Area Under the Time-Concentration Curve From 0 to 24 Hours (AUC 0-24hr) for Aprepitant [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours post fosaprepitant/aprepitant dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC is a measure of the amount of aprepitant in the plasma. Fosaprepitant is a prodrug for aprepitant and is rapidly converted to aprepitant after IV administration. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic (PK) assessment were collected at the following time points: Part IA - Pre-dose and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours (hr) post fosaprepitant dose; Part IB - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post start of chemotherapy; Parts II and IV - Pre-dose and 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post aprepitant dose; Part V - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post start of chemotherapy.
  • Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for Aprepitant [ Time Frame: Up to 72 hours post fosaprepitant/aprepitant dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmax is a measure of the maximum amount of aprepitant in the plasma. Fosaprepitant is a prodrug for aprepitant and is rapidly converted to aprepitant after IV administration. Blood samples for PK assessment were collected at the following time points: Part IA - Pre-dose and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post fosaprepitant dose; Part IB - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy; Parts II and IV - Pre-dose and 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post aprepitant dose; Part V - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy.
  • Time to Cmax (Tmax) for Aprepitant [ Time Frame: Up to 72 hours post fosaprepitant/aprepitant dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tmax is a measure of the amount of time after dosing to when the maximum concentration of aprepitant was achieved. Fosaprepitant is a prodrug for aprepitant and is rapidly converted to aprepitant after IV administration. Blood samples for PK assessment were collected at the following time points: Part IA - Pre-dose and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post fosaprepitant dose; Part IB - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy; Parts II and IV - Pre-dose and 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post aprepitant dose; Part V - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy.
  • Apparent Terminal Half-life (t1/2) for Aprepitant [ Time Frame: Up to 72 hours post fosaprepitant/aprepitant dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    t1/2 is the amount of time from dosing until half of the aprepitant was metabolized from the body. Fosaprepitant is a prodrug for aprepitant and is rapidly converted to aprepitant after IV administration. Blood samples for PK assessment were collected at the following time points: Part IA - Pre-dose and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post fosaprepitant dose; Part IB - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy; Parts II and IV - Pre-dose and 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post aprepitant dose; Part V - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy.
  • Cmax for Fosaprepitant [ Time Frame: Up to 72 hours post fosaprepitant dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cmax is a measure of the maximum amount of fosaprepitant in the plasma. Blood samples for PK assessment were collected at the following time points: Part IA - Pre-dose and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post fosaprepitant dose; Part V - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy.
  • Tmax for Fosaprepitant [ Time Frame: Up to 72 hours post fosaprepitant dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tmax is a measure of the amount of time after dosing to when the maximum concentration of fosaprepitant was achieved. Blood samples for PK assessment were collected at the following time points: Part IA - Pre-dose and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post fosaprepitant dose; Part V - Pre-dose and -0.75, -0.5, 0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 24, 48 and 72 hr post start of chemotherapy.
  • Number of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 14 days after last dose of study drug (Up to 17 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the study drug, whether or not considered related to the use of the product. Participants were monitored for the occurrence AEs for up to 14 days after last dose of study drug.
  • Number of Participants Discontinuing Study Drug Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Day 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the study drug, whether or not considered related to the use of the product. The number of participants who discontinued from the study due to an AE are summarized.
Plasma concentration and PK parameters of aprepitant and the safety and tolerability of fosaprepitant and aprepitant based on adverse experience monitoring [ Time Frame: throughout duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00818259 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Plasma Concentration and PK Parameters of Dexamethasone in Participants From Birth to 1 Year of Age [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours post dexamethasone dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Blood samples for PK assessment were to be collected at the following time points: Parts II and V - Pre-dose and 1.5, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hr post start of chemotherapy; Parts III and IV - Immediately after infusion of dexamethsone and 0.5, 1.5, 3, 8 and 24 hr post start of chemotherapy.
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A Study of MK-0869 (Aprepitant) and MK-0517 (Fosaprepitant) in Pediatric Participants Receiving Chemotherapy (MK-0869-134)
A Multicenter, Open-Label, 5-Part Study to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Aprepitant and Fosaprepitant Dimeglumine in Pediatric Patients Receiving Emetogenic Chemotherapy

This study will determine the appropriate dosing regimen of aprepitant and fosaprepitant for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in pediatric participants from 0 months to 17 years of age.

Fosaprepitant is a prodrug for aprepitant and is rapidly converted to aprepitant after intravenous administration; the pharmacological effect of fosaprepitant is attributed to aprepitant. The birth to one year old cohort will be initiated in Parts III and IV upon completion of Part II (Steps A and B) in participants <6 months of age.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting
  • Drug: Experimental: aprepitant
    aprepitant powder for suspension, 125 mg/sachet, PO
    Other Names:
    • Emend
    • MK-0869
  • Drug: Experimental: fosaprepitant
    fosaprepitant lyophilized powder for suspension, 115 mg/vial, IV
    Other Names:
    • Emend injection
    • Fosaprepitant Dimeglumine
    • MK-0517
  • Drug: Comparator: ondansetron
    ondansetron solution for infusion, IV, administered per local standard of care
    Other Name: Zofran
  • Drug: Ondansetron
    ondansetron solution for infusion, IV, administered per local standard of care
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
    dexamethasone solution for infusion, IV, administered per local standard of care
  • Experimental: Part IA-fosaprepitant 115 mg/aprepitant
    Day 1, fosaprepitant intravenous (IV) at a dose of 115 mg and Days 2 and 3, aprepitant 80 mg orally (PO), prior to chemotherapy for participants from 12 to 17 years of age. Participants also receive ondansetron IV as per local standard of care, with or without dexamethasone IV.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Experimental: aprepitant
    • Drug: Experimental: fosaprepitant
    • Drug: Ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Experimental: Part IB-fosaprepitant 150 mg
    Day 1, fosaprepitant, IV at a dose of 150 mg, prior to chemotherapy for participants 12 to 17 years of age. Participants also receive ondansetron IV as per local standard of care, with or without dexamethasone IV.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Experimental: fosaprepitant
    • Drug: Ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Experimental: Part IIA-aprepitant 80 mg equiv.
    Day 1, aprepitant PO prior to chemotherapy at the dosing regimens listed for the following age ranges: 6 months to <12 years of age - 47 mg/m^2; 4 months to <6 months of age - 2.0 mg/kg; 1 month to <4 months of age - 1.0 mg/kg; birth to <1 month of age - 0.5 mg/kg. Participants also receive ondansetron IV as per local standard of care, with or without dexamethasone IV.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Experimental: aprepitant
    • Drug: Ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Experimental: Part IIB-aprepitant 125 mg equiv.
    Day 1, aprepitant PO prior to chemotherapy at the dosing regimens listed for the following age ranges: 2 years to <12 years of age - 74 mg/m^2; 6 months to <2 years of age - 1.3 mg/kg; 4 months to <6 months of age - 3.0 mg/kg; 1 month to <4 months of age - 1.5 mg/kg; birth to <1 month of age - 0.75 mg/kg. Participants also receive ondansetron IV as per local standard of care, with or without dexamethasone IV.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Experimental: aprepitant
    • Drug: Ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Active Comparator: Part III-ondansetron
    Ondansetron administered IV per local standard of care on Days 1, 2, and 3 prior to chemotherapy for participants from birth to <12 years of age. The use of IV dexamethasone is optional with the exception of the birth to one year old cohort.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Comparator: ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Experimental: Part IV-aprepitant regimen
    Day 1, aprepitant, PO, prior to chemotherapy at the dosing regimens listed for the following age ranges: 4 months to <12 years of age - 3.0 mg/kg; 1 month to <4 months of age - 1.5 mg/kg; Birth to <1 month of age - 0.75 mg/kg; Days 2 and 3, aprepitant, PO, prior to chemotherapy at the dosing regimens listed for the following age ranges: 4 months to <12 years of age - 2.0 mg/kg; 1 month to <4 months of age - 1.0 mg/kg; Birth to <1 month of age - 0.5 mg/kg. Participants also receive ondansetron IV as per local standard of care. The use of dexamethasone IV is optional with the exception of the birth to one year old cohort.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Experimental: aprepitant
    • Drug: Ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
  • Experimental: Part V-fosaprepitant regimen
    Day 1, fosaprepitant, IV at a dose of 3 mg/kg prior to chemotherapy for participants 6 months to <12 years of age. Participants also receive ondansetron IV as per local standard of care, with or without dexamethasone IV.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Experimental: fosaprepitant
    • Drug: Ondansetron
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
92
January 2014
January 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Is 0 (at least 37 weeks gestation) to 17 years of age
  • Is scheduled to receive moderately to highly nausea-inducing chemotherapy or participant did not tolerate a previous chemotherapy regimen that is planned to be repeated
  • Is expected to receive ondansetron
  • Female participants who have begun menstruating must have a negative pregnancy test
  • Weighs ≥3.0 kg if <6 months of age, ≥6.0 kg if >6 months of age, and ≥7.5 kg if > 2 years of age
  • Has a pre-existing venous catheter

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uses any illicit drugs or abuses alcohol
  • Is pregnant or breast feeding
  • Has a symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) tumor
  • Has an infection or other uncontrolled disease other than cancer
  • Has known history of heart QT wave prolongation
Both
up to 17 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT00818259
0869-134, 2009_501
No
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Not Provided
Study Director: Medical Monitor Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
November 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP