Study of the Effectiveness of Intravenous Immune Globulin (10%) for the Treatment of Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00666263
First received: April 23, 2008
Last updated: February 8, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

April 23, 2008
February 8, 2013
August 2008
August 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Grip Strength in the More Affected Hand [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The grip strength was measured using a DynEx digital dynamometer. The result of grip strength was recorded to a resolution of 0.1 kg.

    Each grip strength test consisted of 3 maximal repeated contractions (trials). Each participant will perform 2 sessions of grip strength testing. After a 10-minute break, the testing session will be repeated for a total of 6 grip repetitions per hand.

  • Mean Relative Change in Grip Strength in the More Affected Hand [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative Change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The grip strength was measured using a DynEx digital dynamometer. The result of grip strength was recorded to a resolution of 0.1 kg. For statistical analysis, the mean of (usually three) trials for cross-over sessions 1 and 2 was computed and the mean of the sessions was used in the analysis as the result of the grip strength measurement. Only if no grip strength testing could be performed the results were considered as missing.

  • Co-Primary Endpoint: Guy's Neurologic Disability Scale (GNDS) for Upper Limbs [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GNDS (based on Sharrack and Hughes, 1999) for the upper limbs were integers 0 to 5, with 0 indicating no impairment.
  • Co-Primary Endpoint: Proportion of Participants With Deterioration in Guy's Neurological Disability Score (GNDS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    GNDS (based on Sharrack and Hughes, 1999) for the upper limbs were integers 0 to 5, with 0 indicating no impairment.
  • Rate of Temporally Associated Adverse Events (AEs) Per Infusion [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours of completion of an infusion during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The total number of all AEs which begin during or within 72 hours of completion of an infusion, irrespective of being related or not related to the study product (IGIV, 10% or Placebo), divided by the total number of infusions, and multiplied by 100.
  • The Percentage of Participants for Whom the Infusion Rate of Any Infusion Was Reduced and/or the Infusion Was Interrupted or Stopped for Any Reason [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The Percentage of Infusions for Which the Infusion Rate Was Reduced and/or the Infusion Was Interrupted or Stopped for Any Reason [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The Percentage of Participants Reporting One or More Moderate or Severe AEs That Began During Infusion or Within 72 Hours of Completion of an Infusion [ Time Frame: Within 72 hours of completion of an infusion during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Upper limb subsection of the Guy's Neurologic Disability Scale (co primary endpoint) [ Time Frame: End of blinded cross-over period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Grip strength in the more affected hand (primary endpoint) [ Time Frame: End of blinded cross-over period ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00666263 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Percentage of Participants With at Least a 30% Decline in Relative Grip Strength in the More Affected Hand (Measured Using a DynEx Digital Dynamometer) [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative grip strength change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The grip strength was measured using a DynEx digital dynamometer. The result of grip strength was recorded to a resolution of 0.1 kg. For statistical analysis, the mean of (usually three) trials for cross-over sessions 1 and 2 was computed and the mean of the sessions was used in the analysis as the result of the grip strength measurement. Only if no grip strength testing could be performed the results were considered as missing.

  • Grip Strength in the Less Affected Hand [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The grip strength was measured using a DynEx digital dynamometer. The result of grip strength was recorded to a resolution of 0.1 kg.

    Each grip strength test consisted of 3 maximal repeated contractions (trials). Each participant will perform 2 sessions of grip strength testing. After a 10-minute break, the testing session will be repeated for a total of 6 grip repetitions per hand.

  • Mean Relative Change in Grip Strength in the Less Affected Hand [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative Change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - Baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The grip strength was measured using a DynEx digital dynamometer. The result of grip strength was recorded to a resolution of 0.1 kg. For statistical analysis, the mean of (usually three) trials for cross-over sessions 1 and 2 was computed and the mean of the sessions was used in the analysis as the result of the grip strength measurement. Only if no grip strength testing could be performed the results were considered as missing.

  • Proportion of Participants That Were Accelerated Forward Into the Next Stabilization Phase (ie Switched to Open-Label IGIV, 10%) [ Time Frame: During the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants were permitted to switch from blinded treatment with placebo or IGIV, 10% to open label IGIV, 10% if they and investigator agreed that deterioration had occurred to the extent that the participant had unacceptable difficulty carrying out daily activities involving the affected muscles, or decline in grip strength of ≥50% in the more affected hand had occurred.
  • Patient Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Patient Global Impression of Change was measured on an ordinal scale of 1-7, higher scores representing greater perceived deterioration since the previous efficacy assessment (ranging from (1) very much improved to very much worse (7)).

    1. Very much improved
    2. Much improved
    3. Minimally improved
    4. No change
    5. Minimally worse
    6. Much worse
    7. Very much worse
  • Overall Disability Sum Score [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The overall disability sum scale (based on Merkies et al., 2002) is a patient questionnaire that measures disability.

    Overall disability sum score = arm disability scale (range 0-5) + leg disability scale (range 0-7); Overall Range: 0 (no signs of disability) to 12 (maximum disability).

  • Overall Disability Sum Score - Standardized [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The overall disability sum scale (based on Merkies et al., 2002) is a patient questionnaire that measures disability. Overall disability sum score = arm disability scale (range 0-5) + leg disability scale (range 0-7); Overall Range: 0 (no signs of disability) to 12 (maximum disability).

    This was standardized to a scale of 0 to 100 (the best score being 100) to allow calculation of relative changes.

  • Mean Relative Change in Overall Disability Sum Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative Change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The overall disability sum scale (based on Merkies et al., 2002) is a patient questionnaire that measures disability (from 0, "no signs of disability" to 12, "most severe disability"). This was standardized to a scale of 0 to 100 (the best score being 100) to allow calculation of relative changes.

  • Time Required by Participants to Complete the 9 Hole Peg Board Test (9-HPT) With the Dominant Hand [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The 9-HPT is a quantitative measure of upper extremity (arm and hand) function. Participants picked up the pegs one at a time (nine in total), and put them into the holes on the board as quickly as possible, in any order until all the holes were filled. Then, without pausing, participants removed the pegs one at a time and returned them to the container as quickly as possible. Each participant did this two times with their dominant hand. The 9-HCT objective is to see how fast participants could put all of the pegs in and take them out again.
  • Mean Relative Change in Time Required by Participants to Complete the 9 Hole Peg Board Test (9-HPT) With the Dominant Hand [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative Change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The 9-HPT is a quantitative measure of upper extremity (arm and hand) function. Participants picked up the pegs one at a time (nine in total), and put them into the holes on the board as quickly as possible, in any order until all the holes were filled. Then, without pausing, participants removed the pegs one at a time and returned them to the container as quickly as possible. Each participant did this two times with their dominant hand. The 9-HCT objective is to see how fast participants could put all of the pegs in and take them out again.

  • Time Required by Participants to Complete the 9 Hole Peg Board Test (9-HPT) With the Non-Dominant Hand [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The 9-HPT is a quantitative measure of upper extremity (arm and hand) function. Participants picked up the pegs one at a time (nine in total), and put them into the holes on the board as quickly as possible, in any order until all the holes were filled. Then, without pausing, participants removed the pegs one at a time and returned them to the container as quickly as possible. Each participant did this two times with their non-dominant hand. The 9-HCT objective is to see how fast participants could put all of the pegs in and take them out again.
  • Mean Relative Change in Time Required by Participants to Complete the 9 Hole Peg Board Test (9-HPT) With the Non-Dominant Hand [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative Change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The 9-HPT is a quantitative measure of upper extremity (arm and hand) function. Participants picked up the pegs one at a time (nine in total), and put them into the holes on the board as quickly as possible, in any order until all the holes were filled. Then, without pausing, participants removed the pegs one at a time and returned them to the container as quickly as possible. Each participant did this two times with their non-dominant hand. The 9-HCT objective is to see how fast participants could put all of the pegs in and take them out again.

  • Participants' Assessment of Physical Functioning on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: Week 0, then at Last infusion cycle for each study part (Day 8 of last treatment cycle for 2-week interval or Day 15 of last treatment cycle for 3 or 4 -week interval), then at the end of study visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The VAS measured patients' assessment of physical functioning on a 10 centimeter scale of 0-10, on which 0 represents "no symptoms" and 10 "disabled, unable to use affected limbs".
  • Mean Relative Change in Participants' Assessment of Physical Functioning on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and last infusion cycle during the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13 and 24; and weeks 37 and 48 (i.e. baseline and end of Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relative Change is defined as 100 * (End of the Cross-Over Period - baseline of Cross-Over Period) divided by baseline of Cross-Over Period.

    The VAS measured patients' assessment of physical functioning on a 10 centimeter scale of 0-10, on which 0 represents "no symptoms" and 10 "disabled, unable to use affected limbs".

  • Rate of Related AEs Per Infusion [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The total number of AEs determined by the investigator to be related to the study product that occur at any time during the study divided by the total number of infusions, and multiplied by 100.
  • Rate of Related SAEs Per Infusion [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The total number of SAEs determined by the investigator to be related to the study product that occur at any time during the study divided by the total number of infusions, and multiplied by 100.
  • The Proportion of Participants for Whom the Infusion Rate of Any Infusion Was Reduced and/or the Infusion Was Interrupted or Stopped for Tolerability Concerns/AEs [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The Proportion of Infusions for Which the Infusion Rate Was Reduced and/or the Infusion Was Interrupted or Stopped for Tolerability Concerns/AEs [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The Proportion of Infusions Associated With One or More AEs Related to the Study Product [ Time Frame: Throughout the two study cross-over periods, approximately weeks 13-24 and weeks 37-48 (i.e. Study Parts 2 and 4) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Study of the Effectiveness of Intravenous Immune Globulin (10%) for the Treatment of Multifocal Motor Neuropathy
A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled, Cross-over Study of the Effectiveness of Immune Globulin Intravenous (Human), 10% (IGIV, 10%) for the Treatment of Multifocal Motor Neuropathy

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy (effect on grip strength and disability) and safety/tolerability of IGIV, 10% in subjects with Multifocal Motor Neuropathy.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy
  • Biological: Immune Globulin Intravenous (human), 10%
    Dose: Previous dose with 3, 4, or 6 cycles depending on previous schedule (patient specific)
    Other Names:
    • IGIV, 10%
    • GAMMAGARD LIQUID
    • KIOVIG
  • Biological: 0.25% human albumin solution (Placebo)
    Cross-over Period 1 (Randomized) / Cross-over Period 2 (opposite of the treatment received in Cross-over Period 1); Dose: Same volume/frequency as Stabilization Phase 1
    Other Names:
    • BUMINATE 25%, Albumin (Human) Solution
    • Human Albumin 200 g/L Baxter
  • Experimental: IGIV, 10% Then Placebo

    STUDY PART 1: Open-label stabilization on IGIV, 10% (Stabilization Phase 1) all participants. STUDY PART 2: IGIV, 10% (double-blind treatment Cross-Over Period 1). STUDY PART 3: Between the two double-blind treatment cross-over periods, participants received open-label treatment/stabilization with IGIV, 10% (Stabilization Phase 2). STUDY PART 4: Placebo (0.25% human albumin: BUMINATE 25% Albumin (Human)(Baxter Healthcare Corporation) used where licensed; otherwise Human Albumin 200 g/L Baxter Solution for Infusion was used) (double-blind treatment cross-over period 2). STUDY PART 5: Participants received open-label treatment/stabilization with IGIV, 10% (Stabilization Phase 3).

    Each study part was 12 weeks in length. Participants received IGIV, 10% at the same equivalent dose per week administered prior to the study (0.4 to 2.0 g per kg body weight (BW) per infusion cycle).

    Interventions:
    • Biological: Immune Globulin Intravenous (human), 10%
    • Biological: 0.25% human albumin solution (Placebo)
  • Experimental: Placebo Then IGIV, 10%

    STUDY PART 1: Open-label stabilization on IGIV, 10% (Stabilization Phase 1) all participants. STUDY PART 2: Placebo (0.25% human albumin: BUMINATE 25% Albumin (Human) (Baxter Healthcare Corporation) used where licensed; otherwise Human Albumin 200 g/L Baxter Solution for Infusion was used) (double-blind treatment Cross-Over Period 1). STUDY PART 3: Between the two double-blind treatment cross-over periods, participants received open-label treatment/stabilization with IGIV, 10% (Stabilization Phase 2). STUDY PART 4: IGIV, 10% (double-blind treatment cross-over period 2). STUDY PART 5: Participants received open-label treatment/stabilization with IGIV, 10% (Stabilization Phase 3).

    Each study part was 12 weeks in length. Participants received IGIV, 10% at the same equivalent dose per week administered prior to the study (0.4 to 2.0 g per kg BW per infusion cycle)

    Interventions:
    • Biological: Immune Globulin Intravenous (human), 10%
    • Biological: 0.25% human albumin solution (Placebo)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
50
September 2011
August 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent obtained from the participant prior to any study-related procedures and study product administration
  • Diagnosis of definite or probable MMN based on the criteria of the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AAEM) (Olney et al., 2003, see Section 15.1 for the full length publication). Conduction block can be identified by a drop in amplitude. Diagnosis can be based on chart records a) Hand grip (finger flexor) weakness of Medical Research Council (MRC) grade 4 or less at disease onset or appearing prior to screening; b) No upper motor signs c) No bulbar or cranial signs or symptoms; d) No clinically identifiable sensory abnormalities
  • Must be on a stable regimen of IGIV for at least 3 months prior to first study product administration
  • Treatment interval with IGIV of 2 to 5 weeks (+/- 3 days)
  • Dose of IGIV to be 0.4 to 2.0 g per kg BW and infusion cycle
  • Participants are adults, male or female, at least 18 years of age
  • If female and capable of bearing children - have a negative urine pregnancy test result at enrollment and agree to employ adequate birth control measures for the duration of the study
  • Ability and willingness to travel to the study site for infusions and assessments if required by the protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any clinical or electrophysiological evidence of coexisting neuropathy which may interfere with outcome assessments, such as diabetic neuropathy, toxic neuropathy, or neuropathy due to systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Treatment with other immunosuppressive agents besides IGIV, which has demonstrated efficacy in MMN such as cyclophosphamide during the 3 months prior to enrollment (or treatment with Rituximab during the 12 months prior to enrollment). Pre-study treatment with mycophenolate mofetil or azathioprine is permitted if the dose has been stable for 3 months prior to enrollment.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid protein > 100 mg/dL (if done as part of a previous evaluation)
  • Participants positive at enrollment for one or more of the following: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Hepatitis C (HCV), PCR for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Type 1
  • Participants with levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5 times the upper limit of normal for the testing laboratory
  • Participants with neutropenia (defined as an absolute neutrophil count [ANC]≤1000/mm^3)
  • Participants with serum creatinine levels greater than 1.5 times the upper limit of normal for age and gender
  • Participants with malignancy other than adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Participants with a history of thrombotic episodes (deep vein thrombosis, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident)
  • Participants who received any blood or blood product exposure other than an IGIV, subcutaneous immunoglobulin, immune serum globulin (ISG) preparation, or albumin within the 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Participants with an ongoing history of hypersensitivity or persistent reactions (urticaria, breathing difficulty, severe hypotension, or anaphylaxis) following IGIV or human albumin
  • Participants with immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency and known anti IgA antibodies
  • Participants using another investigational product or device within 30 days prior to enrollment
  • Participants who are unable or unwilling to meet all the requirements of this study
  • If female, is pregnant or lactating at time of enrollment
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Denmark,   Canada
 
NCT00666263
160604
Yes
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Not Provided
Study Director: Baxter BioScience Investigator Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP