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A Phase I Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of Tuberculosis (TB) Vaccine Candidates FP85A and MVA85A

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00653770
First received: April 2, 2008
Last updated: February 8, 2010
Last verified: February 2010

April 2, 2008
February 8, 2010
September 2007
January 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
To assess the safety of a new tuberculosis vaccine, FP85A, when administered individually and sequentially with MVA85A in a prime-boost regime, to healthy volunteers, who have previously been vaccinated with BCG [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00653770 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
To assess the cellular immune response generated by FP85A, when administered individually and sequentially with MVA85A in a prime-boost regime to healthy volunteers, who have previously been vaccinated with BCG. [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Phase I Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of Tuberculosis (TB) Vaccine Candidates FP85A and MVA85A
A Phase I Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of New TB Vaccine Candidates FP85A and MVA85A, in Healthy Adults Who Have Previously Been Immunized With BCG, Using a Prime-boost Delivery Schedule

This is a Phase I study whose primary outcome is to assess the safety of a new tuberculosis vaccine, FP85A, when administered individually and sequentially with MVA85A in a prime-boost regime, to healthy volunteers, who have previously been vaccinated with BCG. The secondary outcome is to assess the cellular immune response in the same population. The trial consists of 36 subjects in 3 groups. The first group will be vaccinated with FP85A alone, the second group will be vaccinated with MVA85A followed by FP85A 28 days later and the third group will be vaccinated with FP85A followed by MVA85A 28 days later.

Recombinant fowlpox virus as a vector

Fowlpox virus is only infectious to avian species, but it is able to express antigens in mammalian cells and induce protective immune responses, making it a suitable candidate vector. Recombinant fowlpox viruses have been developed that express antigens from tumour cells, HIV and malaria. FP9 is a live, highly attenuated form of a European strain of fowlpox virus. It was derived from multiple passages in avian cells, followed by plaque purification and the genome has been fully characterised. Fowlpox virus was initially used as a recombinant avian vaccine, but it has also been shown to be a potent inducer of CD8+T cells in preclinical mammalian models and in human trials . In fact, FP9 was found to be more immunogenic than wild type fowlpox and, when used with recombinant MVA in a prime boost regime induced a protective immune response against Plasmodium berghi.

Clinical experience with recombinant fowlpox viruses in Oxford Three FP vaccines encoding different malaria antigens have been used so far in clinical trials in Oxford, FP9 ME-TRAP, FP9 CS and FP9 PP. To date 87 doses of FP9 ME-TRAP have been given to 55 volunteers in Oxford using various regimens in combination with DNA as well as recombinant MVA vaccines. The local and systemic safety profile of FP9 ME-TRAP is comparable to that described for recombinant MVA vaccines. No vaccine-related serious adverse events have been observed. Pain and erythema at the injection site are the predominant local side effects, with the erythema being maximal within 2 to 3 days post-vaccination before receding. The commonest systemic side effect after FP9 ME-TRAP is of feeling feverish although this is not always associated with a documented fever. Other solicited side effects are myalgia, arthralgia, headache and nausea. FP9 CS has been used recently in a phase I study in 25 healthy volunteers in Oxford, at doses of 1x10^8 pfu. Analysis of safety and tolerability suggests similar side effect profile to FP9 ME-TRAP. No serious adverse events were noted in the study. In a phase I/IIa study which is nearing completion, 15 volunteers were immunised with 5x10^7 pfu of FP9 PP, with no vaccine-related serious adverse events and comparable adverse events.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Tuberculosis
  • Biological: FP85A
    Recombinant Fowlpox virus 9 expressing antigen 85A from M. tuberculosis (5 x10^7 pfu)
  • Biological: MVA85A
    Modified vaccinia virus Ankara expressing antigen 85A from M. tuberculosis (5 x 10^7 pfu)
  • Experimental: 1
    FP85A at day 0
    Intervention: Biological: FP85A
  • Experimental: 2
    MVA85A at day 0 and FP85A at day 28
    Interventions:
    • Biological: FP85A
    • Biological: MVA85A
  • Experimental: 3
    FP85A at day 0 and MVA85A at day 28
    Interventions:
    • Biological: FP85A
    • Biological: MVA85A
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
31
January 2010
January 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy adult aged 18 to 50 years
  • Resident in or near Oxford for the duration of the vaccination study
  • Immunization with BCG greater than 12 months prior to enrolment in the study
  • Able and willing (in the Investigators' opinions) to comply with all study requirements
  • Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner
  • Agreement to practice barrier contraception from the start of the study until 3 months after the final vaccination
  • For females, a negative pregnancy test on the day of vaccination and agreement to practice effective contraception for the entire duration of the study
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in another research study involving an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned use during the study period
  • Prior receipt of a recombinant MVA or fowlpox vaccine
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the planned administration of the vaccine candidate
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed)
  • History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine, e.g. egg products
  • Any history of anaphylaxis in reaction to vaccination
  • Close contact with fowl during the study period (e.g. chicken farming)
  • History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ)
  • History of serious psychiatric condition
  • Any other chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision
  • Suspected or known current injecting drug or alcohol abuse (as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 units every week)
  • Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV)
  • For females, pregnancy, lactation or willingness/intention to become pregnant during the study
  • Any other significant disease, disorder or finding, which, in the opinion of the Investigators, may either put the volunteer at risk because of participation in the study, or may influence the result of the study, or the volunteer's ability to participate in the study.
  • Mantoux skin test equal to or greater than 15 millimetres
  • Screening Elispot positive (greater than 17 sfc/million PBMC) in any ESAT6 peptide or CFP10 peptide pool
  • Any clinically significant abnormal finding on screening biochemistry or haematology blood tests or urinalysis
Both
18 Years to 50 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
 
NCT00653770
TB017
Yes
Dr Helen McShane, University of Oxford
University of Oxford
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Helen McShane University of Oxford
University of Oxford
February 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP