Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

A Study of the Genetic Analysis of Brain Disorders

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified July 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00645645
First received: March 27, 2008
Last updated: November 11, 2014
Last verified: July 2014

March 27, 2008
November 11, 2014
October 1998
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00645645 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Study of the Genetic Analysis of Brain Disorders
Genetic Analysis of Brain Disorders

A study of the complex genetics of brain development will be undertaken with an emphasis on those genes that cause the most common structural brain anomaly in humans called holoprosencephaly (HPE). This malformation of the brain can result from either environmental or genetic causes, and it is the aim of these investigations to determine the genes responsible for both normal and abnormal brain development through the study of patients with this disorder. Mutations in one such gene, Sonic Hedgehog, have been shown by us to be responsible for approximately one quarter of familial cases of HPE. Other genes either related to the hedgehog pathway or located at unrelated defined genetic loci may also contribute to HPE and are the subject of active investigation. We anticipate that many genes important for normal brain development will be identified in the search for genetic causes of HPE.

Holoprosencephaly (HPE) covers a nearly continuous spectrum of midline abnormalities ranging from unmistakable cyclopia with absence of forebrain separation to mild microforms, such a single central incisor.

The objective of these studies is to identify genetic factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of holoprosencephaly (HPE) or related brain malformations. Our approach involves common genetic strategies including mutational analysis of candidate genes. All individuals with overt or subtle clinical findings consistent with the HPE spectrum are eligible to participate. Mutational analysis of our entire coded collection of HPE probands (approximately 600 cases) in selected genes is the principal research method used to determine that a given candidate gene is commonly mutated in HPE. Whenever a sequence variant is identified, that is not present in a commercially available control set of samples, attempts are made to test the functional significance of this change on the protein itself, or its expression. Sequence changes with a strong probability of being medically significant will be verified in a CLIA-approved lab (e.g. Muneke lab, for selected genes, or Gene Dx) at our expense, before any results are given to the family through genetic counseling. Parental DNA (and rarely that of siblings) is usually obtained at the same time that a proband is enrolled. Typically, these samples are studied only to perform limited family studies once a sequence variant of potential medical significance has already been determined.

The majority of subjects enrolled in this study will continue under the care of their local physician or genetic counselor with limited contact with the NIH investigators. Only rarely will families be seen at the NIH CC. These visits will involve face-to-face genetic counseling of medically significant results, following verification in a CLIA approved lab. This is not a treatment protocol. Our empiric ability to generate medically significant research results is limited by the extensive genetic and other etiologic heterogeneity. Therefore, for most participants this research is not a diagnostic study.

We have modified our procedures to test all new probands for mutations in the four HPE genes (SHH, ZIC2, SIX3 and TGIF). Our lab is now certified to receive and test new samples according to CLIA guidelines. However, all previously collected samples will not be considered suitable for diagnostic purposes; hence, a second sample will need to be requested in these cases for CLIA confirmation.

Observational
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Brain Disorders
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
6000
Not Provided
Not Provided
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. This research is open to all participants with a known or suspected diagnosis of HPE or related brain malformations. Since the range of severity of HPE is extensive, we accept cases compatible with a wide HPE spectrum of findings. All races and genders are known to be at risk for HPE, anywhere in the world. Nationality or place of origin are not specific barriers to participation, provided that a blood tissue sample can be safely sent by international FedEx (to be billed to our account).
    2. Direct blood relatives (typically parents, and occasionally siblings of affected individuals) of patients with HPE are also eligible to participate.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Anyone unwilling to provide informed consent (for themselves as adults, or on behalf of their children as minors) or assent.
  2. Medical condition(s) or mental retardation are not in themselves reason for exclusion if in the judgement of the referring physician this would involve no more than minimal risk. We anticipate that children with mental handicaps would be included in the research population. We will make every effort to explain the study for the purpose of assent in a matter that the family feels is both age and developmentally appropriate for that child.
  3. We generally review a brief clinical description from the referring physician about a potential research subject to determine that the subject is appropriate to enter into the study. We reserve the right to exclude cases that are clearly not HPE or related to our direct research interests (e.g. HPE cases due to Trisomy 13 or 18 might not be considered directly related to current research). This almost never happens, and we would attempt to make referrals to a more appropriate investigator before a sample is sent to the NIH. Although not desirable, we will accept samples with a suspected diagnosis of HPE where this determination was made by the referring physician independent of any input from our HPE team. In such circumstances, we would likely verify by correspondence that a sample had been received and request further information.
Both
Not Provided
No
Contact: Paul S Kruszka, M.D. (301) 402-9654 kruszkaps@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Maximilian Muenke, M.D. (301) 402-8167 mamuenke@mail.nih.gov
United States,   Germany
 
NCT00645645
980249, 98-HG-0249
Not Provided
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Maximilian Muenke, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
July 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP