Detecting Risk of Suicide in a Pediatric Emergency Department

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00623493
First received: February 24, 2008
Last updated: October 25, 2014
Last verified: October 2014

February 24, 2008
October 25, 2014
February 2008
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Positive score on suicide assessment
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00623493 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Detecting Risk of Suicide in a Pediatric Emergency Department
Detecting Risk of Suicide in a Pediatric Emergency Department

Objective:

The ultimate goal of this project is to enhance the capacity of non-mental health clinicians working in an Emergency Departments (ED) to recognize and initiate further evaluation of children and adolescents at risk for suicide.

Aim 1: To re-validate the Risk of Suicide Questionnaire (RSQ), a screening tool that assists non-psychiatric clinicians in rapidly detecting suicide risk in pediatric patients, in a pediatric ED mental health population in the Children s National Medical Center (CNMC) ED.

Aim 2: To determine the utility of a suicide screening tool, a revised version of the Risk of Suicide Questionnaire, to detect suicide risk in pediatric patients presenting to the CNMC ED for non-mental health reasons.

Study population:

The study population includes all patients admitted to the CNMC Emergency Department, ages 10 to 21, during the data collection weeks of the study period. Both patients admitted for mental health and non-mental health reasons will be included in the study.

Design:

This will be a prospective instrument development /validation study. During a designated study week, all mental health patients and a random subset of non-mental health patients admitted to the CNMC ED will be approached after their triage assessment. Following informed consent and assent, a 17-item suicide assessment tool created for this research project (RSQ-Revised), as well as a brief background questionnaire will be administered. These questions will be validated against a gold standard suicide assessment questionnaire, which will be administered to the subjects directly after the RSQ-Revised. The study aims to develop a brief suicide screening tool to be used at triage for all patients entering the ED.

Measures

Measures include the proposed 17-item screening questionnaire and a gold standard assessment of suicidal ideation in adolescents, the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ).

Objective:

The ultimate goal of this project is to enhance the capacity of non-mental health clinicians working in an Emergency Department (ED) to recognize and initiate further evaluation of children and adolescents at risk for suicide.

  • Aim 1: To re-validate the Risk of Suicide Questionnaire (RSQ), a screening tool that assists non-psychiatric clinicians in rapidly detecting suicide risk in pediatric patients, in a pediatric ED mental health population.
  • Aim 2: To determine the utility of a suicide screening tool, a revised version of the Risk of Suicide Questionnaire, to detect suicide risk in pediatric patients presenting to a pediatric ED for non-mental health reasons.

Study population:

This is a multi-site study and will include all patients admitted to three pediatric EDs (the Children s National Medical Center (CNMC) ED, Children s Hospital Boston (CHB) ED, and Nationwide Children s Hospital (NCH) ED), ages 10 to 21, during the data collection days of the study period. Both patients admitted for mental health and non-mental health reasons will be included in the study.

For ease of reading, from here on in, the three pediatric EDs participating in this multi-site study will be referred to as the PEDIATRIC ED.

Design:

This will be a prospective instrument development / validation study. During 5 to 10 weekdays of the month, all mental health patients and a random subset of non-mental health patients admitted to the PEDIATRIC ED will be approached after their triage assessment. Following informed consent and assent, a 17-item suicide assessment tool created for this research project (RSQ-Revised), as well as a brief background questionnaire will be administered. These questions will be validated against a gold standard suicide assessment questionnaire, which will be administered to the subjects directly after the RSQ-Revised. The study aims to develop a brief suicide screening tool to be used at triage for all patients entering the ED.

Measures

Measures include the proposed 17-item screening questionnaire and a gold standard assessment of suicidal ideation in adolescents, the Suicide Ideation Questionnaire (SIQ).

Observational
Time Perspective: Prospective
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  • Adolescents
  • Mental Disorder Diagnosed in Childhood
  • Suicide Prevention
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
600
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  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patient must complete triage assessment at the PEDIATRIC ED.

For the medical patients, triage level must be 2, 3, 4 or 5, and the patient must be medically stable. For medical patients in triage level 2, in order to determine if the patient is medically stable, the interviewer will contact the ED clinician (nurse or physician) prior to approaching the patient. Any patient deemed medically unstable will not be included in the study. For the psychiatric patients, leveling is not conducted in the same way. Therefore, triage level will not be considered an exclusion factor.

Triage level in the PEDIATRIC EDs is defined by the Emergency Severity Index (ESI). ESI is a five-level ED triage algorithm that uses acuity and resource needs to stratify patients into five clinically relevant groups from 1 (most urgent) to 5 (least urgent) (Gilboy, 2005).

Age: 10-21 years.

English speaking

A legal guardian must provide informed consent and patient must sign an assent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Developmental disability, severe cognitive impairment or communication disorder such that patient will not be able to comprehend the questions or communicate their answers

Triage level of 1 (for medical patients), indicating that the patient is not medically stable

Patient is not present with a legal guardian who can provide informed consent

Patient is non-English speaking (unfortunately, the SIQ is not available at this time in Spanish or any other languages)

Both
10 Years to 21 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00623493
999908070, 08-M-N070
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National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
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Principal Investigator: Lisa M Horowitz, Ph.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
October 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP