Clofarabine and Gemtuzumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified August 2012 by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00577694
First received: December 19, 2007
Last updated: August 28, 2012
Last verified: August 2012

December 19, 2007
August 28, 2012
November 2007
July 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Maximum tolerated dose of clofarabine [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Maximum tolerated dose of clofarabine
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00577694 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Rate of complete response and/or partial complete response with incomplete platelet recovery [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of remission [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency of patients proceeding to allogeneic or autologous blood or bone marrow stem cell transplantation [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rate of complete response and/or partial complete response with incomplete platelet recovery
  • Duration of remission
  • Frequency of patients proceeding to allogeneic or autologous blood or bone marrow stem cell transplantation
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Clofarabine and Gemtuzumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
A Nonrandomized Dose-escalation Study of Clofarabine in Combination With Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) for Patients Less Than 60 Years-old

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as clofarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as gemtuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Giving clofarabine together with gemtuzumab may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of clofarabine when given together with gemtuzumab in treating patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Identify the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicities of clofarabine when administered with gemtuzumab ozogamicin in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or with AML that has relapsed within 1 year after cytarabine-containing therapy.

Secondary

  • Estimate the rates of complete response and/or partial complete response with incomplete platelet recovery in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Estimate the duration of remission in patients treated with this regimen and not proceeding to high-dose therapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  • Estimate the frequency with which patients enrolled on this study proceed to allogeneic or autologous blood or bone marrow stem cell transplantation.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of clofarabine.

Patients receive induction therapy comprising clofarabine IV on days 1-5 and gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on days 1, 4, and 7 during course 1 only. Beginning in course 2, after blood counts recover, patients receive consolidation therapy comprising clofarabine IV on days 1-5. Consolidation treatment repeats upon blood count recovery for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study therapy, patients in remission after consolidation therapy are followed monthly for the first 6 months, and then every 3-4 months for 2 years.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Leukemia
  • Drug: clofarabine
    Intravenous, 20mg/m2, Days 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5; 2 cycles
    Other Name: Clolar
  • Drug: gemtuzumab ozogamicin
    Intravenous, 3mg/m2, Day 1, one cycle
    Other Name: Mylotarg
single arm study
1
Interventions:
  • Drug: clofarabine
  • Drug: gemtuzumab ozogamicin
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
21
September 2012
July 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) meeting 1 of the following criteria:

    • Refractory disease, defined as persistent or progressive disease after ≥ 2 induction regimens, including ≥ 1 course of high-dose cytarabine (ARA-C)
    • Relapsed disease that has recurred within 1 year of an ARA-C-containing chemotherapy regimen
  • No CNS disease requiring radiotherapy

    • Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a lumbar puncture and a CT scan or MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastasis

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT and AST ≤ 2.0 times the ULN
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.0 mg/dL OR glomerular filtration rate > 60 mL/min
  • INR ≤ 1.5 and aPTT within ULN

    • Patients receiving anticoagulation therapy (e.g., warfarin or heparin) are eligible provided anticoagulation therapy can be discontinued or changed to parenteral medications while the platelet count is less than 50,000/mm³
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No concurrent active second primary malignancy (excluding superficial, non-invasive skin cancers)
  • No active bleeding diathesis, not including closely monitored therapeutic anticoagulation
  • No cardiac disease, including any of the following:

    • New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina (i.e., anginal symptoms at rest)
    • New onset angina (i.e., began within the past 3 months)
    • Myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No active clinically serious infection > grade 2
  • No cerebrovascular accident, including transient ischemic attacks, within the past 6 months
  • No pulmonary hemorrhage ≥ grade 2 within the past 4 weeks
  • No other hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ grade 3 within the past 4 weeks
  • No known HIV infection or chronic hepatitis B or C
  • No serious non-healing wound or ulcer
  • More than 4 weeks since prior significant traumatic injury
  • No prior history of sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (veno-occlusive disease)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery or open biopsy
  • More than 100 days since any prior hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • No concurrent treatment with any other investigational agent for AML

    • Intrathecal chemotherapy administration is allow for central nervous system leukemic infiltration
  • No prior allogeneic stem cell transplant within the past 100 days, with active graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of any grade, or exposure to immynosuppression for GVHD or prophylaxis
Both
18 Years to 60 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00577694
LCCC 0708, P30CA016086, CDR0000580801, UNC-LCCC-07-1222
Yes
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Genzyme, a Sanofi Company
Principal Investigator: Thomas C. Shea, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
August 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP