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Pilot Study of 18F Fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Commonwealth University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00572598
First received: December 11, 2007
Last updated: January 11, 2012
Last verified: January 2012

December 11, 2007
January 11, 2012
May 2005
March 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Imaging feasibility and dosimetry [ Time Frame: <6months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00572598 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Pilot Study of 18F Fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC)
Pilot Study of 18F Fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC) in Breast Cancer Patients and Normal Volunteers: Dosimetry and Imaging Feasibility

Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a cause of treatment failure in many cancer patients. MDR refers to a phenotype whereby a tumor is resistant to a large number of natural chemotherapeutic drugs. Having prior knowledge of the presence of such resistance would decrease morbidity from unsuccessful therapy and allow for the selection of individuals who may benefit from co-administration of MDR inhibiting drugs. The Tc-99m labeled single photon emitting radiotracers sestamibi and tetrofosmin have shown some predictive value. However, positron-emitting (PET) radiotracers, which allow for dynamic, quantitative imaging, hold the promise of more accurate and specific identification of MDR tumors.

Objective:

To obtain human safety data, to demonstrate imaging feasibility with FPAC, to obtain human biodistribution and to obtain preliminary evidence of breast tumor uptake concordance with response to therapy.

18F flouropaclitaxel (FPAC) distribution in malignant tumors is expected to be similar to that of paclitaxel. It is proposed that by monitoring the influx and efflux of FPAC in vivo using PET imaging, we will be able to determine if a tumor retains the drug (is drug sensitive) or pumps it out (is drug resistant). The efflux rate of FPAC in the tumor should be proportional the amount of Pgp present and therefore should be a predictor of treatment failure. If this method is successful at identifying MDR, patients can be spared a course of ineffective chemotherapy and can be started on alternative drugs or, if available, an effective MDR modulator can be administered prior to treatment.

In order to validate the biodistribution in non-human primate, 3 normal volunteers will be recruited to participate in a dosimetry PET imaging protocol.

Often, patients with breast cancer are treated with chemotherapy prior to definitive surgical removal of the primary tumor. Three patients with breast cancer who are candidates for this neoadjuvant chemotherapy will also be recruited to participate in this study, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of tumor imaging. As these patients will be receiving chemotherapy (likely paclitaxel), a preliminary correlation with FPAC uptake and tumor response can also be attempted in this pilot study.

Primary Objective

--To obtain human dosimetry and monitor for potential physiologic effects following 4-[F-18] fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC) administration

Secondary Objectives

  • a.To characterize tracer uptake in tumors and normal tissues and develop robust methods for analysis of FPAC kinetics in breast tumors
  • b.To optimize the imaging protocol for FPAC, and, if feasible, reduce to 1 or 2 static scans
Interventional
Phase 0
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Breast Cancer
Drug: 4- [F-18] fluoropaclitaxel
4- [F-18] fluoropaclitaxel, <84 micrograms, <10 mCi, IV followed by PET/CT imaging
Other Name: FPAC
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
6
March 2008
March 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Normal Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be 18 years or older for inclusion in this study. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of FPAC in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study but will be eligible for future pediatric single-agent trials, if applicable.

    • All subjects must sign a written informed consent document and a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) authorization in accordance with institutional guidelines.
    • If female, the subject must be postmenopausal for a minimum of one year, or surgically sterile, or be within 14 days of onset of a menstrual period or have a negative beta human chorionic gonadotropin (ßHCG) blood test.
    • Subjects must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
    • Leukocytes >3,000/μL
    • absolute neutrophil count >1,500/μL
    • platelets >100,000/μL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <= 2.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal
    • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR, in subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal, creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject with a known bleeding disorder

    • Subjects who have received chemotherapy within 1 year of entry into study
    • Subjects with a history of liver or kidney disease
    • Subjects who are receiving any other investigational agents
    • Subjects having severe claustrophobia or other condition that would make them unable to lie still for the duration of the study
    • Subjects with immunodeficiencies that predispose a subject to specific or non-specific mediator release
    • Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness, including but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
    • Subjects who are pregnant or lactating or who suspect they might be pregnant. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with FPAC, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother receives FPAC.

Breast Cancer Patients

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have a history of histologically or cytologically confirmed breast cancer with estimated lesion size of >1cm.

    • Subjects must be 18 years or older for inclusion in this study. Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of FPAC in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study but will be eligible for future pediatric single-agent trials, if applicable.
    • All subjects must sign a written informed consent document and a HIPAA authorization in accordance with institutional guidelines.
    • If female, the subject must be postmenopausal for a minimum of one year, be surgically sterile, be within 14 days of onset of a menstrual period, or have a negative ßHCG blood test.
    • Subjects must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
    • Leukocytes >3,000/μL
    • absolute neutrophil count >1,500/μL
    • platelets >100,000/μL
    • total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
    • aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <= 2.5 times the institutional upper limit of normal
    • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR, in subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal, creatinine clearance >60 mL/min/1.73 m2

Exclusion Criteria:

•as above

Both
18 Years to 90 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00572598
HM03748
No
Virginia Commonwealth University
Virginia Commonwealth University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Harry D. Bear, MD, PhD Virginia Commonwealth University
Virginia Commonwealth University
January 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP