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Trastuzumab or Observation After Combination Chemotherapy and Trastuzumab in Treating Patients Undergoing Surgery for Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified March 2008 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00533936
First received: September 20, 2007
Last updated: August 23, 2013
Last verified: March 2008

September 20, 2007
August 23, 2013
September 2006
December 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Percentage of pathological responses [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Disease-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of pathological responses
  • Disease-free survival
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00533936 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Overall survival at 3 years [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cardiac toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Percentage of patients that become negative on the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test at the end of neoadjuvant therapy [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival at 3 years
  • Cardiac toxicity
  • Percentage of patients that become negative on the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test at the end of neoadjuvant therapy
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Trastuzumab or Observation After Combination Chemotherapy and Trastuzumab in Treating Patients Undergoing Surgery for Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer
Adjuvant Trastuzumab vs Observation in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer Treated With Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving combination chemotherapy together with trastuzumab before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. Giving trastuzumab after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. Sometimes, after surgery, the tumor may not need more treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. It is not yet known whether trastuzumab is more effective than observation when given after combination chemotherapy and trastuzumab in treating patients with breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying trastuzumab to see how well it works compared with observation when given after combination chemotherapy and trastuzumab in treating patients undergoing surgery for stage II or stage III breast cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine the percentage of pathological responses in patients with stage II or III breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant therapy comprising fluorouracil, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide followed by trastuzumab (Herceptin®) and paclitaxel.
  • To compare the disease-free survival of patients treated with adjuvant therapy comprising trastuzumab versus observation.

Secondary

  • To measure the overall survival at 3 years in these patients.
  • To measure the cardiac safety profile of these regimens in these patients.
  • To measure the percentage of patients that become negative on the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test at the end of neoadjuvant therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I :

    • Neoadjuvant therapy: Patients receive fluorouracil IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and cyclophosphamide IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive trastuzumab (Herceptin®) IV over 30-90 minutes and paclitaxel IV over 1 hour once a week for 12 weeks.

After completion of neoadjuvant therapy, patients proceed to surgery.

  • Surgery: Patients undergo definitive surgery. Some patients may also undergo radiotherapy*.

NOTE: *Patients with initial tumor > 5 cm, inflammatory breast cancer, or with a skin condition or final pathological evaluation of metastasis to > 4 nodes or 1-3 nodes with capsular ruptures or extension to fatty tissues receive adjuvant radiotherapy.

  • Adjuvant therapy: Beginning 4 weeks after surgery, patients receive trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 13 courses.

    • Arm II:
  • Neoadjuvant therapy: Patients receive neoadjuvant therapy as in arm I.
  • Surgery: Patients undergo definitive surgery. Some patients may also undergo radiotherapy if clinically indicated.
  • Observation: Beginning 4 weeks after surgery, patients undergo observation. In both arms, patients with estrogen receptor- and/or progesterone receptor-positive disease also receive anastrozole daily for 5 years. Premenopausal patients with remaining ovarian function (as confirmed by follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] and estradiol) after completion of anastrozole undergo chemical or surgical ovarian ablation.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then once a year thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 160 patients (80 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Breast Cancer
  • Biological: trastuzumab
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Drug: fluorouracil
  • Drug: paclitaxel
  • Procedure: adjuvant therapy
  • Procedure: conventional surgery
  • Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
160
Not Provided
December 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer by needle biopsy

    • Diagnosed within the past 4 weeks
    • Clinical stage IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC disease
  • Palpable adenopathies present
  • HER2/neu-positive disease, as evidenced by either of the following:

    • HER2/neu overexpression (3+) by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
    • HER2/neu amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)
  • No metastatic disease by chest radiography, hepatic ultrasound, and bone scan (metastatic bone series if no nuclear medicine is available)
  • Hormone receptor status:

    • Estrogen receptor and/or progesterone receptor status known

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Premenopausal or postmenopausal
  • WHO performance status 0-2
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Normal hepatic, renal, and hematological function
  • LVEF ≥ 55% by nuclear medicine study or echocardiogram
  • No prior history of cancer, except carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to paclitaxel and/or trastuzumab (Herceptin®)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • No prior cancer therapy
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Mexico
 
NCT00533936
CDR0000557417, MEX-INC-INCAN-CC-09506
Not Provided
Not Provided
Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Columbia
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Claudia Arce-Salinas, MD Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia, Columbia
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
March 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP