Study to Determine if Serum BNP Levels Are Elevated in Pregnant Women With Pre-Eclampsia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Ohio State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00533871
First received: September 21, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: September 2007
History: No changes posted

September 21, 2007
September 21, 2007
February 2003
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No Changes Posted
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Study to Determine if Serum BNP Levels Are Elevated in Pregnant Women With Pre-Eclampsia
Utilization of Serum BNP to Distinguish Pre-Eclampsia From Hypertension in Pregnancy

Preeclampsia is a common disease state occurring in the third trimester of pregnancy, with an incidence of approximately 5-10% in the US. Hypertension (high blood pressure), a primary symptom of pre-eclampsia, may be present in women who were hypertensive prior to becoming pregnant.B-type (also known as brain) natriuretic peptide (BNP) is known to be made and released from the heart ventricles when the heart is strained. There is also evidence that BNP is secreted in the placenta, and may increase in preeclampsia and chronic hypertension in pregnancy.The purpose of the study is to determine if a maternal blood sample analyzed for the quantity of BNP is helpful in differentiating between pre-eclampsia and chronic high blood pressure.

Preeclampsia is a frequent complication of pregnancy. The chief concern is that preeclampsia may progress to end-organ damage, with resultant deterioration of both the mother and the fetus. As a result, women with significant preeclampsia may have their labor accelerated or even require caesarian section. The diagnosis is made based on a constellation of non-specific symptoms, including headache, vision changes, proteinuria, and hypertension. The diagnosis becomes even more difficult to establish when the patient has chronic hypertension prior to her pregnancy.

In many Emergency Departments across the country, emergency physicians are faced with patients that have had either sporadic or non-existent prenatal care. Patients may often not know what their blood pressure was before their pregnancy. Records may not exist or be available for the emergency physician to make an accurate decision. Patients are often transferred to a tertiary care center for obstetrical admission when the diagnosis is unclear, as outlying areas are increasingly without obstetrical coverage. The availability of a sensitive and specific test for the presence of preeclampsia, or gestational hypertension superimposed on chronic hypertension, would allow the emergency physician to avoid costly hospital admissions or transfers while provide safe and effective care for the patient.

B-type or brain type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a 32-amino acid peptide secreted primarily by the cardiac ventricles under conditions of ventricular wall strain. In addition, it has been demonstrated that BNP is also secreted in the human amnion during pregnancy. Small studies in the international literature suggest that serum BNP is elevated in preeclamptic patients and patients with chronic hypertension in pregnancy. A novel fluorescent immunoassay technique, the Biosite Triage BNP assay, utilizes murine fluorescent labeled antibodies to detect and quantify serum BNP levels. The Triage assay is designed for clinical use, with an estimated laboratory turnaround time of fifteen minutes (Biosite Triage BNP product insert). The Triage assay has gained acceptance as a highly sensitive and specific tool to assist in the rapid diagnosis of congestive heart failure exacerbation; its utility in the preeclamptic population has not been assessed.

Observational
Observational Model: Defined Population
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
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Preeclampsia
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  • Control: Normotensive
    Pregnant women in the third trimester with normal blood pressure this pregnancy and no history of HTN or pre-eclampsia in a previous pregnancy
  • Chronic Hypertensive
    Pregnant women in their third trimester with known hypertension prior to the current pregnancy
  • Pre-eclampsia
    Pregnant women in their third trimester who meet ACOG diagnostic criteria for pre-eclampsia
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
61
June 2005
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women age 18 or older at 34 or more weeks of pregnancy
  • Control arm:normal blood pressure during pregnancy
  • Chronic HTN arm: known to have HTN predating this gestation
  • Pre-eclampsia arm:meet ACOG diagnostic criteria for pre-eclampsia this pregnancy and present to labor and delivery for evaluation and/ or treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • minors, prisoners,unable to provide consent
  • multiple gestation
  • currently in labor
  • Control arm:presence of hypertension, a history of gestational hypertension, current therapy with an anti-hypertensive medication, any history of congestive heart failure
  • Chronic HTN arm:evidence of superimposed preeclampsia at the time of enrollment (headache, proteinuria, peripheral edema, or visual changes), any history of congestive heart failure
  • Pre-eclampsia arm:history of congestive heart failure, pretreatment with anti-hypertensive medication
Female
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00533871
2003H0020
No
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Ohio State University
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Principal Investigator: Brian C Hiestand, MD Ohio State University Department of Emergency Medicine
Ohio State University
September 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP