Pilot Study: Relaxation and Guided Imagery in Hispanic Persons Diagnosed With Fibromyalgia

This study has been completed.
Sigma Theta Tau International (Nursing Honor Society)
Information provided by:
Florida International University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: August 3, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: August 2007
History: No changes posted

August 3, 2007
August 3, 2007
April 2005
Not Provided
Pain as measured by Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
  • Functional Status as measured by the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
  • Self-Efficacy as measured by the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale adapted for FM [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
  • Distress as measured by the 17-item Mental Health Inventory [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Pilot Study: Relaxation and Guided Imagery in Hispanic Persons Diagnosed With Fibromyalgia
Effects of Guided Imagery on Pain, Distress, Functional Status and Self-Efficacy in Hispanics Diagnosed With Fibromyalgia

The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effects of a 10-week relaxation and guided imagery intervention on pain perception, functional status, self-efficacy and levels of distress in Hispanic adults diagnosed with fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia (FM), a chronic widespread pain condition with an unknown pathogenesis and no known cure, affects 2 to 4 million persons in the adult US population. One of the most common conditions seen in rheumatology clinics world wide, including the US, Mexico, and Spain, FM is accompanied by various co-occurring symptoms such as fatigue, disturbed sleep, stiffness and depression. While studies of fibromyalgia in Hispanics have been reported in Spain, Brazil and Argentina, very few such studies have been reported in the United States. This gap exists despite data indicating that there are a reported 16 million Hispanics with rheumatic diseases in the US and that Hispanics (self-identified) form the fastest growing minority group in this country.

Not Provided
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Pain
  • Functional Status
  • Self-Efficacy
  • Distress
Behavioral: Relaxation and Guided Imagery

The intervention consisted of 3 relaxation and guided imagery audiotapes used in a proscribed order for 6 weeks and used in any order for weeks 7 through 10.

Protocol: Tape 1: Basic Relaxation used for weeks 1 and 2. Tape 2: Pleasant Scene Imagery to elicit sensory involvement for enhanced sense of overall well-being; used for weeks 3 and 4. Tape 3: End-State Imagery designed to facilitate improved symptom management; used for weeks 5 and 6. Any of the tapes used as often as desired but at least once daily for weeks 7 to 10.

Experimental: Experimental
Intervention: Behavioral: Relaxation and Guided Imagery
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
June 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ages 18 and older
  • diagnosis of fibromyalgia based on the American College of Rheumatology criteria and documented by the patient's primary physician
  • a minimum of a 6th grade education level
  • an ability to understand and sign the consent form and understand and complete the intervention (pencil and paper) assignments.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • presence of other systemic rheumatologic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and/or Sjogren's Disease
  • adequate functional status as indicated by a Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire score < 20
  • inadequate cognitive status as evidenced by a Mini-Mental State Exam score < 25
  • history of epilepsy
  • major communicative disorder.
18 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Not Provided
Florida International University
Sigma Theta Tau International (Nursing Honor Society)
Principal Investigator: Victoria Menzies, PhD, APRN-BC Florida International University
Florida International University
August 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP