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Efficacy and Safety Study of Inhaled Glutathione in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mukoviszidose Institut gGmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00506688
First received: July 24, 2007
Last updated: July 6, 2012
Last verified: July 2012

July 24, 2007
July 6, 2012
July 2007
May 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Differences between inhaled glutathione and inhaled normal saline with respect to the area under the curve of FEV1 % predicted (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within the period from baseline to week 24 (V5, EOT) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Differences between inhaled glutathione and inhaled normal saline with respect to the area under the curve of FEV1 % predicted (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) within the period from baseline to week 24 (V5, EOT) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00506688 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Treatment changes with respect to the variables:Spirometry,Peak flow,quality-of-life,Weight/ height,Percentage of neutrophils/other cell types (induced sputum),Induced sputum levels of glutathione/ inflammatory mediators,Pulmonary exacerbation [ Time Frame: 0,4, 12, 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Treatment changes with respect to the variables:Spirometry,Peak flow,quality-of-life,Weight/ height,Percentage of neutrophils/other cell types (induced sputum),Induced sputum levels of glutathione/ inflammatory mediators,Pulmonary exacerbation [ Time Frame: 0,4, 12, 24 weeks ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Efficacy and Safety Study of Inhaled Glutathione in Cystic Fibrosis Patients
Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blinded Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of a 24-week Inhalation Treatment With Glutathione in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

The majority of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients die from a progressive pulmonary disease.Airway inflammation plays a major role for the pathogenesis of CF lung disease, and ultimately leads to lung destruction. The release of oxidants during the inflammation process leads to a chronic imbalance of oxidants and antioxidants and may be a central component leading to irreversible lung damage in CF patients. The antioxidant glutathione, which is a naturally occurring tripeptide, is depleted in the extracellular epithelial lining fluid of the CF lung. The elevation of reduced level to normal and also the augmentation of glutathione concentrations above the normal level, as observed in smokers and during defence of Pseudomonas infection, may be desirable to avoid lung damage. Data from pilot studies in humans and animals have indicated that the glutathione concentrations in epithelial lining fluid can be elevated by aerosol application.

The main objective of this trial is to evaluate the effect of a 24-week treatment with inhaled glutathione compared with control inhalations (normal saline) on pulmonary function in adult and pediatric CF patients. Secondary objectives are to determine the effects of inhaled glutathione on inflammatory variables, glutathione levels and free elastase in induced sputum and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of the 24-week treatment with inhaled GSH.

There is considerable hope within the CF community that the addition of anti-oxidative therapy to an already comprehensive program for treating the lungs will decrease morbidity and improve the quality of life for patients with CF.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cystic Fibrosis
  • Drug: reduced glutathione sodium salt
    646 mg GSH-Na powder per vial to prepare a 4ml solution, twice daily for 24 weeks.
    Other Name: TAD 600
  • Drug: 0.9% normal saline (control)
    4 ml of a 0.9% normal saline solution (9mg/ml NaCl), twice daily for 24 weeks.
Not Provided
Griese M, Kappler M, Eismann C, Ballmann M, Junge S, Rietschel E, van Koningsbruggen-Rietschel S, Staab D, Rolinck-Werninghaus C, Mellies U, Köhnlein T, Wagner T, König S, Teschler H, Heuer HE, Kopp M, Heyder S, Hammermann J, Küster P, Honer M, Mansmann U, Beck-Speier I, Hartl D, Fuchs C; Glutathione Study Group, Hector A. Inhalation treatment with glutathione in patients with cystic fibrosis. A randomized clinical trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Jul 1;188(1):83-9. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201303-0427OC.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
153
May 2010
May 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patient, 8 years (pediatric 8 - 17 years inclusive; adult 18 years)
  • Confirmed diagnosis of CF (positive sweat chloride, 60 mEq/liter by pilocarpine iontophoresis and/or a genotype with two identifiable mutations consistent with CF accompanied by one or more clinical features with the CF phenotype)
  • Patient is able to perform acceptable spirometric maneuvers according to ATS standards
  • FEV1 > 40% predicted and < 90% predicted
  • The patient is clinically stable fulfilling the following:

No evidence of acute upper or lower respiratory tract infection within 4 weeks of screening.

No pulmonary exacerbation requiring an use of i.v./oral/inhaled antibiotics, or oral corticosteroids within 4 weeks of screening.

FEV1 at Visit 2 is within a range of ± 10% of FEV1 from the Visit 1. (If FEV1 at V2 is not within that range, V2 may be re-scheduled once within 7 days)

  • Concomitant or chronic medication is planned to be continued unchanged for the entire study duration
  • The patient or the patient's legally acceptable representative is able to give informed consent in accordance with ICH and GCP guidelines and local legislation
  • Patient is able to comply with the study visit schedule and willing and able to complete the assessments specified in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of allergy/hypersensitivity (including medication allergy) that is deemed relevant to the trial by the investigator. "Relevance" in this context refers to any increased risk of hypersensitivity reaction to trial medication. (Specific concerns currently identified with respect to the use of inhaled glutathione in allergic patients per se are not existing)
  • Concomitant inhaled thiol-containing medications (e.g., inhaled N-acetylcysteine).

Such medication had to be finished at least 2 weeks before the screening visit. Oral N-acetylcysteine may be continued.

  • New oral or inhaled thiol-containing medications (e.g., inhaled or oral N-acetylcysteine) throughout the study period.
  • Patient with a known relevant substance abuse, including alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Pregnant or lactating woman or female patient of child bearing potential who is sexually active and not using a medically approved form of contraception such as oral or injectable contraceptives, intrauterine devices, double-barrier method, contraceptive patch, male partner sterilization or condoms.
  • Patient with a documented persistent colonization with B. cepacia (defined as more than one positive culture within the past year).
  • Start of a new concomitant or chronic medication for CF within 4 weeks of screening.
  • Existing cycling medication regimen without completion of at least 3 cycles prior to the screening visit or the drug cycles of other therapies are not in accordance with the 4-week time-schedule for the single visits of this study
  • Clinically relevant diseases or medical conditions other than CF or CF-related conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or the quality of the data. This includes, but is not limited to, significant hematological, hepatic,renal, cardiovascular, and neurological diseases (diabetic patients may participate if their disease is under good control prior to screening).
  • Participation in another study with an investigational drug within one month or 6 halflives(whichever is greater) preceding the screening visit.
  • The patient is an employee of the investigator or the institution with direct involvement in the trial or other trials under the direction of the investigator or their members.
Both
8 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Germany
 
NCT00506688
Muko-D-GSH-4, EudraCT-number: 2005-003870-88
Yes
Mukoviszidose Institut gGmbH
Mukoviszidose Institut gGmbH
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
Principal Investigator: Matthias Griese, Prof. Dr. von Haunersches Kinderspital (University of Munich, Germany)
Mukoviszidose Institut gGmbH
July 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP