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Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: Incidence, Risk Factors and Outcome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Tampere
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00490217
First received: June 21, 2007
Last updated: NA
Last verified: June 2007
History: No changes posted

June 21, 2007
June 21, 2007
December 1993
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Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: Incidence, Risk Factors and Outcome
Spontaani Bakterielli Peritoniitti: Esiintyvyys, riskitekijät ja Vaikutus Ennusteeseen

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication of ascites in cirrhotic patients. Under clinical experience, this condition seems to be more uncommon in Finland. The aim of this study was to measure the incidence of SBP in consecutive patients with ascites requiring hospitalization in a Finnish University Hospital.

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a complication of liver cirrhosis with high mortality and low survival rates. The incidence of SBP is reported to range from 11-35% in patients with ascites requiring hospitalization. Under clinical experience, the incidence of SBP in Finland seems to be lower than reported elsewhere. Alcohol is the dominant etiologic factor of liver cirrhosis in Finland (90%), which might be a factor affecting the incidence of SBP. The aim of this study is to measure the incidence of SBP in Finland. We included consecutive patients who underwent diagnostic paracentesis for ascites in Tampere University Hospital during 2/1994 - 12/1998 and 1/2005 - 3/2007. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis was diagnosed when the ascitic fluid contained over 250 polymorphonuclear cells / mm^3 regardless of culture and with no evidence of intra-abdominal source of infection e.g. an abscess or a perforation.

Observational
Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
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  • Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
  • Primary Peritonitis
  • Ascites
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
240
March 2007
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnostic paracentesis performed during the study period
Both
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No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Finland
 
NCT00490217
R065585-1
No
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University of Tampere
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Principal Investigator: Jahangir A Khan, MS Department of Gastroenterology and Alimentary Tract Surgery, Tampere University Hospital
Study Director: Pekka Collin, MD Department of Gastroenterology and Alimentary Tract Surgery, Tampere University Hospital
Study Director: Pekka Pikkarainen, MD Department of Gastroenterology and Alimentary Tract Surgery, Tampere University Hospital
University of Tampere
June 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP