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Single Group Study of the Safety of and Immune Response to a Bird Flu Virus Vaccine (H5N1) in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00488046
First received: June 18, 2007
Last updated: November 19, 2007
Last verified: November 2007

June 18, 2007
November 19, 2007
June 2007
Not Provided
Safety, defined as the frequency of vaccine-related reactogenicity events [ Time Frame: During the acute monitoring (in-patient) phase of the study ]
Safety, defined as the frequency of vaccine-related reactogenicity events that occur during the acute monitoring (inpatient) phase of the study
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00488046 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Immunogenicity, determined by anti-H5N1 antibody titer [ Time Frame: At Days 0, 7, 9, and 28 with respect to vaccination ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Single Group Study of the Safety of and Immune Response to a Bird Flu Virus Vaccine (H5N1) in Healthy Adults
Phase I Inpatient Study of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Live Influenza A Vaccine Modified H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/Hong Kong/213/2003 x A/AnnArbor/6/60 ca), a Live Attenuated Virus Vaccine Candidate for Prevention of Avian Influenza H5N1 Infection in the Event of a Pandemic

Over the past decade, avian influenza (AI) has become a major health concern. The development of a safe and effective vaccine against H5N1 infection is important. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of a new AI vaccine in healthy adults.

According to the World Health Organization, the current pandemic risk associated with avian influenza H5N1 infection is serious, as an increasing number of humans are infected. Currently, H5N1 influenza transmission occurs in humans when they are exposed through direct contact to infected poultry or surfaces and objects contaminated by infected poultry feces. A pandemic occurs when a new influenza subtype emerges that infects humans, causes serious illness, and spreads easily among humans. The development of a safe and effective vaccine is necessary, should a pandemic occur. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a live, attenuated A1 virus vaccine, H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/Hong Kong/213/2003 x A/AnnArbor/6/60 ca).

This study will last approximately 16 weeks. Participation in this study includes a hospital stay in an isolation unit at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. All participants will receive two doses of vaccine in nasal spray form, at study entry and sometime between 4 and 8 weeks after initial vaccination. Participants will be admitted to the isolation unit 2 days prior to each vaccination. A targeted physical exam will occur daily following each vaccination until discharge. Participants will not be discharged until nasal washes are negative. Vital signs measurement will be done at least twice daily for the duration of the inpatient stay. A follow-up outpatient visit will occur approximately 4 weeks following each vaccination. Blood and urine collection will occur at selected timepoints throughout the study.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Influenza
  • Virus Diseases
Biological: H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/Hong Kong/213/2003 x A/AnnArbor/6/60 ca)
Intranasal vaccine
Experimental: 1
Two, 0.5 ml doses of vaccine in nasal spray form administered at study entry and sometime between 4 and 8 weeks after initial vaccination
Intervention: Biological: H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/Hong Kong/213/2003 x A/AnnArbor/6/60 ca)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
16
September 2007
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Good general health
  • Available for the duration of the study
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant neurologic, heart, lung, liver, rheumatologic, autoimmune, or kidney disease
  • Behavioral or cognitive impairment or psychiatric disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may affect study participation
  • Medical, work, or family problems as a result of alcohol or illicit drug use within 12 months prior to study entry
  • Previously enrolled in an H5N1 influenza vaccine trial or in any study of an avian influenza vaccine
  • Seropositive to the H5N1 influenza A virus (serum hemagglutination inhibitor [HI] titer greater than 1:8)
  • Illegal drug use or dependency determined by urine test
  • History of severe allergic reaction
  • Allergy to oseltamivir
  • Asthma or reactive airways disease within 2 years prior to study entry
  • History of Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • HIV infected
  • Hepatitis C virus infected
  • Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Known immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Use of corticosteroid or immunosuppressive drugs within 30 days prior to vaccination. Participants who have used topical corticosteroids are not excluded.
  • Live vaccines within 4 weeks prior to study vaccination
  • Killed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to study vaccination
  • Absence of spleen
  • Blood products within 6 months prior to study vaccination
  • Current smoker unwilling to stop smoking for the duration of the study
  • Have traveled to the Southern Hemisphere or Asia within 14 days prior to study vaccination
  • Have traveled on a cruise ship within 14 days prior to study vaccination
  • Work in the poultry industry
  • Other investigational vaccine or drug within 30 days prior to study vaccination
  • Allergy to eggs or egg products
  • Purified protein derivative (PPD) positive (positive tuberculosis [TB] test)
  • Have family member with immunodeficiency-related condition
  • Other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the study
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
Both
18 Years to 49 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00488046
CIR 239
Not Provided
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Principal Investigator: Ruth A. Karron, MD Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
November 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP