Comparing Bivalirudin Versus Heparin/ GP IIB/IIA in Patients Undergoing PCI
Recruitment status was Recruiting
|First Received Date ICMJE||May 18, 2007|
|Last Updated Date||May 18, 2007|
|Start Date ICMJE||September 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||No Changes Posted|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Comparing Bivalirudin Versus Heparin/ GP IIB/IIA in Patients Undergoing PCI|
|Official Title ICMJE||Minimizing Post-Procedural Vascular Complications: Comparing Bivalirudin Versus Heparin/GP IIB/IIA in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention|
The purpose of this study is to compare the rates of vascular related complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention assigned to one of two arms: 1) bivalirudin + provisional Gp IIB/IIIA use versus 2) heparin + Gp IIB/IIIA (eptifibatide (Integrilin®)) use.
Anti-thrombotic therapies have enhanced the safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In addition to aspirin, heparin and platelet glycoprotein (Gp) IIB/IIIA receptor inhibition have been used as the reference strategy to reduce the incidence of ischemic complications during coronary interventions 1. However, the success of this strategy is limited by increased bleeding risk, prolonged drug infusions (12 hours), and patient inconveniences (such as lying flat for hours until blood coagulation becomes normal and sheaths can be safely removed). Peri-procedural bleeding due to vascular complications is one of the most frequent complications of PCI and is associated with adverse events 2.
Newer anti-thrombotic strategies may further improve outcomes after PCI. The efficacy of a direct thrombin inhibitor bivalirudin (Angiomax™) was investigated in a randomized controlled clinical trial as a replacement for the strategy of heparin/Gp IIB/IIIA inhibition in patients undergoing coronary intervention. The REPLACE-2 study, which randomized over 6000 patients found short and long-term clinical outcomes with bivalirudin were as effective as heparin/Gp IIB/IIIA inhibition combination with evidence of significantly less major and minor bleeding 3, 4. This led to approval of the 0.75 mg/kg/1.75 mg/kg/hr dose of Angiomax® by the Food and Drug Administration for use as an anticoagulant in patients with unstable angina undergoing PCI.
It is now routinely accepted that early sheath removal after PCI reduces femoral access site complications and leads to earlier ambulation, earlier discharge, improved patient satisfaction 5. Heparin-based anticoagulation requires monitoring of the coagulation status to determine readiness for sheath removal because of the lack of predictable duration of anticoagulation with heparin. Because clearance of bivalirudin occurs mostly by proteolytic cleavage by thrombin, the drug has more predictable pharmacokinetics and exhibits linear dose relationship with respect to plasma concentrations and coagulation assay endpoints 6. Preliminary studies indicate sheath removal 2 hours after cessation of bivalirudin without coagulation monitoring is safe 5. While REPLACE-2 suggested that catheterization related vascular complications were decreased with bivalirudin, specific data on these endpoints and others such as time to ambulation and time to discharge were not collected because of the blinded nature of the trial. Currently the rate of vascular complications at MGH for patients undergoing PCI is 4.0% which significantly exceeds the national rate of 1.9% (95% CI 1.1 to 3.2) 7.
We will conduct a randomized clinical trial in patients undergoing PCI to compare the rates of vascular related complications between patients assigned to one of two arms: 1) bivalirudin + provisional Gp IIB/IIIA use versus 2) heparin + Gp IIB/IIIA (eptifibatide (Integrilin®)) use. The primary endpoint will be a composite of vascular related groin complications (MAVE-major adverse vascular endpoints as defined in next section). Secondary endpoints will be 1) time to sheath pull; 2) time to ambulation; and 3) occurrence of major and minor bleeding peri-catheterization.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 4|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Condition ICMJE||Coronary Artery Disease|
|Intervention ICMJE||Procedure: Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients must meet ALL of the following criteria:
Patients will be excluded if ANY of the following conditions apply:
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00476944|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||2006P000944|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Gold, Herman K., MD|
|Collaborators ICMJE||The Medicines Company|
|Information Provided By||Gold, Herman K., MD|
|Verification Date||May 2007|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP