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Esomeprazole Magnesium With or Without Aspirin in Preventing Esophageal Cancer in Patients With Barrett Esophagus

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00474903
First received: May 16, 2007
Last updated: June 2, 2014
Last verified: January 2014

May 16, 2007
June 2, 2014
April 2007
March 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in Mean Tissue Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) Concentration as Determined From Barrett's Research Mucosal Biopsy Samples [ Time Frame: Baseline to 30 days after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The mean tissue PGE2 is reported for each Arm.
Change in mean tissue PGE2 concentration during the pre- and post-intervention evaluation
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00474903 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Toxicity is defined as adverse events that are classified as either possibly, probably, or definitely related to the interventional agent, graded using the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0. The number of patients reporting adverse events will be tabulated by grade.
  • Change in PGE2 concentration from the pre-intervention to the post-intervention evaluation in arm I
  • Compare the change of PGE2 in arm II vs III
  • Proliferation (Ki-67), apoptosis (caspase-3 expression), cyclooxygenase-2 expression, p16 methylation, and salicylate levels
  • Adverse events
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Esomeprazole Magnesium With or Without Aspirin in Preventing Esophageal Cancer in Patients With Barrett Esophagus
Randomized, Double-Blinded Phase II Trial of Esomeprazole Versus Esomeprazole + Two Doses of Aspirin in Barrett's Esophagus Patients

This randomized phase II trial is studying the effect of esomeprazole magnesium and aspirin on tissue PGE2 levels compared with esomeprazole and placebo. This type of chemoprevention treatment investigates the use of certain drugs to assess whether they assist in the prevention of cancer. The use of esomeprazole magnesium with or without aspirin may help prevent esophageal cancer in patients with Barrett esophagus.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the effects of a 28 day intervention with aspirin 81 mg placebo orally (PO) once daily (QD) + aspirin 325 mg placebo PO QD + esomeprazole 40 mg PO BID versus aspirin 81 mg PO QD + aspirin 325 mg placebo PO QD + esomeprazole 40 mg PO BID versus aspirin 325 mg PO QD + aspirin 81 mg placebo PO QD + esomeprazole 40 mg PO BID on the absolute change in tissue prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) concentration, as determined from Barrett's esophagus mucosal biopsy samples obtained pre- and post-intervention (i.e. two pair-wise comparisons of two different doses of active aspirin regimens versus aspirin placebo group), Specifically, the two active aspirin + esomeprazole arms will be independently analyzed to see if they significantly reduce the mean tissue PGE2 concentration from Pre- to Post-intervention as compared to the aspirin placebo + esomeprazole arm.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if the change in the tissue PGE2 concentration decreases significantly in the aspirin placebo + esomeprazole arm.

II. To compare the change in mean tissue PGE2 concentration between the two active intervention arms to determine which one appears the most promising for further testing.

III. To assess the effects of the three agents (arms) with respect to proliferation (Ki-67), apoptosis (caspase-3 expression), COX-2 expression, and p16 methylation using Pre- and Post-Intervention biopsy samples obtained from Barrett's mucosal tissue.

IV. To evaluate all adverse events associated with each of the three intervention arms.

V. To provide exploratory summaries of PGE2 concentration values by patient subgroups of interest.

VI. To provide descriptive summaries of the esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) results, the rate of dysplasia, adverse events, and the Run-In Agent compliance on all participants that signed a consent form and started the Run-In phase of the trial.

VII. To establish a biospecimen repository archive for future correlative studies.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients are stratified according to dysplasia status, gender, and length of Barrett segment of circumferential involvement (5 cm vs = 5 cm). Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive two oral placebos once daily and oral esomeprazole magnesium twice daily.

ARM II: Patients receive oral acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and oral placebo once daily and oral esomeprazole magnesium twice daily.

ARM III: Patients receive a higher-dose of oral aspirin (higher than in arm II) and a lower-dose of oral placebo (lower than in arm II) once daily and oral esomeprazole magnesium twice daily.

In all arms, treatment continues for 28 days in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Tissue samples are collected before and after treatment and examined for tissue-based biomarkers (i.e., PGE_2, Ki-67, caspase-3 apoptosis, and cyclooxygenase-2) by immunohistochemistry, enzyme immunoassay, Western blot, and polymerase chain reaction.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed 7 - 30 days.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Barrett Esophagus
  • Esophageal Cancer
  • Drug: acetylsalicylic acid
    Given orally
  • Drug: esomeprazole magnesium
    Given orally
  • Other: placebo
    Given orally
  • Active Comparator: Arm I (placebo, esomeprazole magnesium)
    Patients receive two oral placebos once daily and oral esomeprazole magnesium (40 mg, twice daily).
    Interventions:
    • Drug: esomeprazole magnesium
    • Other: placebo
  • Experimental: Arm II (low-dose aspirin, esomeprazole magnesium)
    Patients receive both an oral placebo and acetylsalicylic acid (81 mg dose), once daily and oral esomeprazole magnesium (40 mg, twice daily).
    Interventions:
    • Drug: acetylsalicylic acid
    • Drug: esomeprazole magnesium
    • Other: placebo
  • Experimental: Arm III (higher-dose aspirin, esomeprazole magnesium)
    Patients receive both an oral placebo and acetylsalicylic acid (325 mg dose), once daily and oral esomeprazole magnesium (40 mg, twice daily).
    Interventions:
    • Drug: acetylsalicylic acid
    • Drug: esomeprazole magnesium
    • Other: placebo
Falk GW, Buttar NS, Foster NR, Ziegler KL, Demars CJ, Romero Y, Marcon NE, Schnell T, Corley DA, Sharma P, Cruz-Correa MR, Hur C, Fleischer DE, Chak A, Devault KR, Weinberg DS, Della'Zanna G, Richmond E, Smyrk TC, Mandrekar SJ, Limburg PJ; Cancer Prevention Network. A combination of esomeprazole and aspirin reduces tissue concentrations of prostaglandin E(2) in patients with Barrett's esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2012 Oct;143(4):917-26.e1. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2012.06.044. Epub 2012 Jul 11.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
122
June 2011
March 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed Barrett esophagus, meeting all of the following criteria:

    • Presence of specialized columnar epithelium anywhere in the tubular esophagus with ≥ 2 cm of circumferential involvement
    • No evidence of high-grade dysplasia or cancer by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
    • No prior histologically confirmed esophageal dysplasia, including cancer
  • Adequate Barrett mucosa, defined as ≥ 4 of 8 research samples with≥ 50% intestinal metaplasia in research biopsies
  • No ulcer, erosion, plaque, nodule, stricture, or other luminal irregularity within the Barrett's segment or erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification > grade A) detected at pre-intervention EGD exam
  • Eastern Cooperative Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Hemoglobin normal
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No nasal polyps associated with asthma or induced or exacerbated by aspirin
  • No malignancy within the past 5 years except for nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to the study agents or rescue medication
  • No history of endoscopically or radiographically diagnosed peptic ulcer disease (bleeding or nonbleeding)
  • No other uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Bleeding disorder
    • Vitamin K deficiency
    • Alcohol abuse (defined as ingestion of ≥ 3 drinks per day)
    • Psychiatric illness or social situations that would limit study compliance
  • At least 3 months since prior chronic use (defined as ≥ 7 days during the 3 months preceding the beginning of the Run-in phase) of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAIDs), or selective cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibitors
  • At least 3 months since prior investigational agents except innocuous agents with no known interaction with the study agents (e.g., standard dose multivitamins or topical agents for limited skin conditions)
  • No prior fundoplication, bariatric surgery, or any other major upper gastrointestinal surgery

    • Prior cholecystectomy allowed
  • No other concurrent NSAIDs (including aspirin) or selective COX-2 inhibitor therapy
  • No concurrent anticoagulant drugs including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Warfarin
    • Heparin
    • Low-molecular weight heparin
    • Clopidogrel bisulfate
    • Extended-release dipyridamole
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00474903
NCI-2009-00838, NCI-2009-00838, MAY04-4-01, CDR0000544180, MAYO-MAY04-4-01, MAY04-4-01, N01CN35000
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Paul Limburg Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP