Arsenic Trioxide, Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin in Treating Patients With Stage IV Colorectal Cancer That Has Relapsed or Not Responded to Treatment

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00449137
First received: March 15, 2007
Last updated: July 25, 2014
Last verified: August 2013

March 15, 2007
July 25, 2014
June 2005
February 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Maximum tolerated dose [ Time Frame: At study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The objective of this phase I study is to determine a phase II dose of combination of 5-FU and ATO that can be safely used for the treatment of 5-FU resistant colon cancer. Following the dose escalation/de-escalation procedure described in section 4.2, the recommended phase II dose of the combination 5-FU with ATO will be established as the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), defined as the highest dose level combination at which <=1 out of 6 patients experiencing DLT.
  • Thymidylate synthase expression [ Time Frame: Baseline, Subsequent times ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We will characterize TS levels in study patients at baseline and at subsequent times following initiation of treatment by descriptive statistics (minimum, maximum, average, standard deviation)
  • Thymidylate synthase expression
  • Maximum tolerated dose
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00449137 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Arsenic Trioxide, Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin in Treating Patients With Stage IV Colorectal Cancer That Has Relapsed or Not Responded to Treatment
A Phase I Study of 5-FU (Plus Leucovorin) and Arsenic Trioxide for Patients With Refractory/Relapsed Metastatic Colorectal Carcinoma

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil and leucovorin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Arsenic trioxide may help fluorouracil and leucovorin work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drugs. Giving arsenic trioxide together with fluorouracil and leucovorin may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of arsenic trioxide and fluorouracil when given together with leucovorin in treating patients with stage IV colorectal cancer that has relapsed or not responded to treatment.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose and best dose combination of fluorouracil and arsenic trioxide when given together with leucovorin calcium in patients with relapsed or refractory stage IV colorectal cancer.
  • Determine if arsenic trioxide down regulates the expression of thymidylate synthase in tumor and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of fluorouracil and arsenic trioxide.

Patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 1-4 hours on days 1-5, 8, 11, 15, 18, and 22 and fluorouracil IV over 24 hours and leucovorin calcium IV over 24 hours on days 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 5 weeks for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 1-6 patients receive escalating doses of fluorouracil and arsenic trioxide until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. At least 6 patients are treated at the MTD.

Patients undergo peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) collection and fine-needle tumor aspiration periodically to determine the effects of arsenic trioxide on thymidylate synthase expression in the tumor and in PBMCs.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Colorectal Cancer
  • Drug: Arsenic trioxide
    ATO will be administered at dose levels determined by the dose escalation scheme (section 4.2). Intra-venous (IV) infusion of ATO (mg/kg body weight) over 1-4 hours will be administered for 5 consecutive days (day 1 to day 5) during the first week, twice a week on weeks 2 and 3 (days 8, 11, 15, and 18), and only one day (day 22) of week 4. Treatment will continue for a maximum of 8 cycles, provided that the patient tolerates treatment and there is evidence of clinical benefit.
    Other Name: ATO
  • Drug: Fluorouracil
    Escalate 5-FU, starting at dose 1600 mg/m2. On day 8, 15, and 22 the assigned dose of 5 FU plus 500 mg/m2 of leucovorin will be administered over 24 hours intravenous infusion following the administration of arsenic trioxide. Treatment will continue for a maximum of 8 cycles, provided that the patient tolerates treatment and there is evidence of clinical benefit.
    Other Name: 5-Fu
  • Drug: Leucovorin calcium
    On day 8, 15, and 22 the assigned dose of 5 FU plus 500 mg/m2 of leucovorin will be administered over 24 hours intravenous infusion following the administration of arsenic trioxide. Treatment will continue for a maximum of 8 cycles, provided that the patient tolerates treatment and there is evidence of clinical benefit.
  • Other: Plasma levels of elemental arsenic
    Pre-Treatment and and one hour post ATO on days 1, 5, 8, 11,15, 18, and 22
  • Genetic: Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) for mRNA analysis
    Peripheral blood samples (PAXgene Blood RNA tube, Qiagen, USA) will be obtained up to 2 weeks prior to start of treatment (same day as the first FNA) and one hour post ATO on days 1, 5, 8, 11,15, 18, and 22. Along with FNA an additional blood sample will be obtained on day 23 of every odd treatment cycle.
  • Procedure: Tumor Biopsy (Fine-Needle Aspiration)
    Pre-Treatment, Day 23 of Cycles 1, 3, 5, 7
    Other Name: FNA
Experimental: Single Arm
Interventions:
  • Drug: Arsenic trioxide
  • Drug: Fluorouracil
  • Drug: Leucovorin calcium
  • Other: Plasma levels of elemental arsenic
  • Genetic: Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) for mRNA analysis
  • Procedure: Tumor Biopsy (Fine-Needle Aspiration)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
13
December 2010
February 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed colorectal cancer
  • Stage IV disease (i.e., any T, any N, M1 disease)
  • Relapsed or refractory disease

    • Disease progressed after ≥ 2 different fluorouracil-containing chemotherapy regimens (e.g., irinotecan hydrochloride or oxaliplatin with or without bevacizumab)
  • Bidimensionally measurable disease
  • Must have tumor amenable to biopsy and be willing to undergo fine-needle aspiration
  • No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy > 2 months
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2 times normal
  • SGOT ≤ 5 times normal
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 4 months after completion of study treatment
  • No preexisting peripheral neuropathy ≥ grade 2
  • Ejection fraction ≥ 30%
  • Baseline QT interval < 500 msec
  • No serious underlying medical illness or active infection
  • No underlying medical condition that could be aggravated by the treatment
  • No life-threatening disease unrelated to colorectal cancer
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years unless currently disease-free and all therapy for the malignancy has been completed
  • No preexisting neurological disorder (i.e., seizure disorder) ≥ grade 3
  • No cardiac disease, including any of the following:

    • Recurrent supraventricular arrhythmia
    • Any type of sustained ventricular arrhythmia or conduction block (e.g., grade II or III atrioventricular block or left bundle branch block)
    • Uncontrolled ischemic heart disease
    • History of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia
    • Prolonged PR intervals (i.e., 1st degree heart block)
  • No known hypersensitivity to arsenic trioxide or fluorouracil
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar biologic composition to arsenic trioxide or fluorouracil

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from all treatment-related toxicity
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy and recovered
  • More than 4 weeks since prior investigational drug
  • No other concurrent investigational or commercial anticancer agent or therapy
  • Concurrent local radiotherapy allowed for symptom relief (e.g., significant onset of pain after enrollment, but before beginning study therapy)
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00449137
UMIAMI-20050801, SCCC-2004162
Yes
University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
Not Provided
Study Chair: Bach Ardalan, MD University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
August 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP