A Safety and Efficacy Study of Patients Requiring Sedation for Elective Awake Fiberoptic Intubation.
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 2, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||October 8, 2007|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00383890 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Safety and Efficacy Study of Patients Requiring Sedation for Elective Awake Fiberoptic Intubation.|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Dexmedetomidine Used for Sedation During Elective Awake Fiberoptic Intubation|
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine versus placebo used for sedation during elective awake fiberoptic intubation.
An awake fiberoptic intubation is indicated for any patient with an anticipated difficult airway because of their anatomy, airway trauma, morbid obesity, or unstable cervical spine injuries. An awake fiberoptic intubation in a non-sedated patient can be extremely stimulating, uncomfortable, and unpleasant. The clinician must focus on maintaining spontaneous breathing, hemodynamic stability, and the patient's comfort. The term "awake" fiberoptic intubation is used to distinguish this procedure from fiberoptic intubations performed under general anesthesia. Although patients may be sedated for "awake" fiberoptic intubation, they need to be responsive and capable of maintaining their own airway without assistance. Vital components of a successful awake fiberoptic intubation include an anesthesiologist experienced in this technique, adequate topicalization of the airway, and a sedated yet cooperative subject.
Benzodiazepines, combined with opioid, are commonly used for anxiolysis and/or analgesia during awake fiberoptic intubations.
Dexmedetomidine has sympatholytic, sedative, analgesic, and anxiolytic effects that attenuate the catecholamine response to perioperative stress. Dexmedetomidine sedates patients by decreasing sympathetic activity and the level of arousal. Furthermore, dexmedetomidine has been found to facilitate a decrease in salivary secretion, a desirable effect during fiberoptic intubations.
An estimated 100 subjects (50 DEX, 50 PBO) scheduled for an elective awake fiberoptic intubation because of a potentially difficult airway will be randomized prior to intubation at approximately 18 investigative sites.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 3|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Awake Fiberoptic Intubation|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Bergese SD, Candiotti KA, Bokesch PM, Zura A, Wisemandle W, Bekker AY; AWAKE Study Group. A Phase IIIb, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study evaluating the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine for sedation during awake fiberoptic intubation. Am J Ther. 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):586-95. doi: 10.1097/MJT.0b013e3181d69072.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00383890|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||2005-006|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Hospira, Inc.|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Hospira, Inc.|
|Verification Date||October 2007|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP