The Association of Platelet Function and Endothelial Function of the Brachial Artery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Sheba Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00363818
First received: August 11, 2006
Last updated: April 8, 2008
Last verified: April 2008

August 11, 2006
April 8, 2008
January 2006
February 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00363818 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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The Association of Platelet Function and Endothelial Function of the Brachial Artery
The Association Between Platelet Function and Endothelial Function of the Brachial Artery in Healthy Subjects and in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

The proposed study is a prospective one, and will be held on consecutive individuals undergoing the non-invasive brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) ultrasound for endothelial function at the endothelial function laboratory of the Sheba Medical Center. The study group will be divided into healthy subjects group and coronary artery disease (CAD) patients group, both of which will be analyzed in respect to age, cardiovascular risk factors and the results of the platelet and endothelial functions tests. The association between platelet and endothelial functions will be then assessed in the healthy subjects group and in the CAD patients group.

Background: Previous studies have shown a significant association between endothelial dysfunction and CAD and cardiovascular risk factors. Since the endothelium is a systemic organ, endothelial dysfunction is a systemic vascular disorder which bring about a reduction in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability accounting for distraction of the platelet function. Thus, we expect to find an association between platelet function and endothelial function assessed by the brachial artery FMD in healthy subjects and in CAD patients. Moreover, as platelet function, normally blocked by an effective anti-thrombotic therapy, is linked to the progression of atherosclerosis which, by itself is an influential process on endothelial function, we expect to find an association between endothelial function and the success of anti-thrombotic therapy.

Aim: To determine the association between platelet function and endothelial function assessed by brachial artery FMD in healthy subjects and in CAD patients, and to determine the association between anti-thrombotic therapy and endothelial function.

Methods: The proposed study is a prospective one, and will be held on consecutive individuals undergoing the non-invasive brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) ultrasound for endothelial function at the endothelial function laboratory of the Sheba Medical Center. The study group will be divided into healthy subjects group and coronary artery disease (CAD) patients group, both of which will be analyzed in respect to age, cardiovascular risk factors and the results of the platelet and endothelial functions tests. The association between platelet and endothelial functions will be then assessed in the healthy subjects group and in the CAD patients group.

The assessment of endothelial function is relatively simple and non-invasive method of short duration. Implementing this simple method to comprehend the platelet function will enable clinicians to better monitor and control the platelet inhibition in healthy subjects (for primary prevention) and in CAD patients (for secondary prevention). In addition, the FMD method can be useful in the evaluation of the success of the (antithrombocytic) treatment, the prognosis and the risk-stratification in hospitalized patients with acute coronary syndromes.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Probability Sample

Patients will be recruited from the Heart Institute Coronary care Unit and outpatient clinic

  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Endothelial Function
  • Thrombosis
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
151
March 2008
February 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy subjects (i.e., subjects without any history of chest pain or myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting surgery, coronary angiography with angioplasty and/or stenting, cerebrovascular accident, or peripheral vascular disease) with normal electrocardiograms and echocardiography on admission, and patients with coronary artery disease(i.e, patients with history of myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting operation, coronary angiography with angioplasty or stenting, heart failure secondary to coronary artery disease, or cerebrovascular accident).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Exclusion criteria included atrial fibrillation, sinus bradycardia (heart rate < 50 bpm) without pacemaker, sick sinus syndrome, second or third degree AV block, intolerance to nitrates, renal failure with serum creatinine > 3 mg/dl, history of drug or alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease, or refusal to sign the informed consent form.
Both
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Israel
 
NCT00363818
SHEBA-05-3919-MS-CTIL
No
Michael Shechter, MD, Shlomi Matetzky, MD, PIs, Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center
Sheba Medical Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Michael Shechter, MD, MA Sheba Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Shlomi Matetzky, MD Sheba Medical Center
Sheba Medical Center
April 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP