Cyproterone Acetate in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage III or Stage IV Prostate Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified October 2006 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00363285
First received: August 10, 2006
Last updated: August 23, 2013
Last verified: October 2006

August 10, 2006
August 23, 2013
January 2003
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  • Time to loss of androgen-dependence, based on serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure according to protocol definition [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to treatment failure (subjective or objective progression) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00363285 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Side effects [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • First and total therapy-free intervals in patients treated with intermittent cyproterone acetate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
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Cyproterone Acetate in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage III or Stage IV Prostate Cancer
Intermittent Hormone Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer

RATIONALE: Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Hormone therapy, such as cyproterone acetate may stop the adrenal glands from making androgens. Sometimes the tumor may not need treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient. It is not yet known whether giving cyproterone acetate continuously is more effective than giving cyproterone acetate after tumor progression in treating prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying cyproterone acetate to compare how well it works when given continuously or after tumor progression in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage III or stage IV prostate cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare time to loss of androgen dependence, based on serum prostate-specific antigen failure, in patients with newly diagnosed stage III or IV prostate cancer treated with intermittent vs continuous androgen suppression comprising cyproterone acetate.
  • Compare time to treatment failure (subjective or objective progression) in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare survival of patients treated with these regimens.

Secondary

  • Compare the side effects in patients treated with these regimens.
  • Determine the first and total therapy-free intervals in patients treated with intermittent cyproterone acetate.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study.

All patients receive cyproterone acetate daily for 16 weeks. Patients also receive monthly injections of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist beginning in week 2 and continuing for 14 weeks. Patients with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of ≤ 4 ng/mL and who are asymptomatic at 14 weeks are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I (continuous maximum-androgen blockade): Patients receive cyproterone acetate daily and monthly LHRH agonist depot injections in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may also undergo orchidectomy.

Quality of life is assessed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter.

  • Arm II (intermittent treatment): Patients are observed after randomization. Treatment with daily cyproterone acetate resumes if symptoms demand hormone treatment and patient has any PSA level OR if patient is asymptomatic and has a PSA level ≥ 20 ng/mL. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If after 9 months of treatment, a PSA level of ≤ 4 ng/mL is not achieved or the patient remains symptomatic, treatment is discontinued.

Quality of life is assessed every 6 months and when therapy is restarted.

Pain and performance status are assessed at each visit in both treatment arms.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 900 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Prostate Cancer
  • Biological: gonadotrophin releasing hormone
  • Drug: cyproterone acetate
  • Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
900
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate

    • T3 -T4, M0-M1 (stage III or IV disease)
  • Prostate-specific antigen level ≥ 4 ng/mL and ≤ 100 ng/mL

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Performance status 0-2
  • Normal liver function
  • No other neoplasia (except skin, excluding melanoma)
  • No expected difficulties of follow-up related to psychiatric disorders, marked senility, or too large a distance between patient's home and investigator's center
  • No severe chronic disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • No prior hormonal therapy or chemotherapy
  • No prior surgery (radical prostatectomy), except transurethral resection, for M0 patients
  • No prior radiotherapy to the primary tumor for M0 patients
Male
up to 79 Years
No
Not Provided
United Kingdom
 
NCT00363285
CDR0000495321, SEUG-9901, BARTS-SEUK-9901, MREC-04/5/006, BARTS-P/02/203, EU-20630
Not Provided
Not Provided
St. Bartholomew's Hospital
Not Provided
Study Chair: R. T. Oliver, MD St. Bartholomew's Hospital
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
October 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP