Safety of and Immune Response to a Bird Flu Virus Vaccine (H5N1) in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00347672
First received: July 3, 2006
Last updated: January 18, 2008
Last verified: January 2008

July 3, 2006
January 18, 2008
June 2006
July 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Frequency of vaccine-related reactogenicity events [ Time Frame: During the acute monitoring phase of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Anti-H5N1 antibody levels and seroconversion, defined as a greater than fourfold rise in serum hemagglutination inhibiting (HI) and/or neutralizing antibody titer compared to Day 0 [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Frequency of vaccine-related reactogenicity events that occur during the acute monitoring phase of the study
  • anti-H5N1 antibody levels and seroconversion, defined as a greater than fourfold rise in serum hemagglutination inhibiting (HI) and/or neutralizing antibody titer compared to Day 0
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00347672 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • To determine the number of vaccinees infected with the H5N1 VN 2004/AA ca recombinant vaccine candidate [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • If 10^7, 10^5, and 10^3 TCID50 doses of vaccine are administered, to compare the infectivity rates, safety, and immunogenicity between dose groups, and to estimate the HID50 for this vaccine [ Time Frame: At study completion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine the phenotypic stability of vaccine virus shed [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine whether immunogenicity is enhanced by a second dose of vaccine, and whether the first dose of vaccine restricts replication of the second dose [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To evaluate T-cell mediated and innate immune responses against the H5N1 VN 2004/AA ca recombinant vaccine candidate [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To develop a serum bank so that the capacity of the H5N1 VN 2004/AA ca recombinant vaccine candidate to elicit HI and neutralizing antibodies to future H5N1 influenza viruses can be tested [ Time Frame: Throughout study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Safety of and Immune Response to a Bird Flu Virus Vaccine (H5N1) in Healthy Adults
Phase 1 Inpatient Study of the Safety and Immunogenicity of Live Influenza A Vaccine H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/ca), a Live Attenuated Virus Vaccine Candidate for the Prevention of Avian Influenza H5N1 Infection in the Event of a Pandemic

Avian influenza (AI), or bird flu, has recently become a major health concern in Asia and other parts of the world. The need for a vaccine to prevent the spread of AI among livestock and to humans is sorely needed. The purpose of this study is to test the safety of and immune response to a new AI vaccine in healthy adults.

AI viruses in their natural reservoir in waterfowl are the source from which novel HA and NA subtypes are introduced into the human population, and have the potential to initiate an influenza pandemic. This study will evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of a live, attenuated recombinant AI virus vaccine, H5N1 (6-2) AA Ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/Ca).

Participants in this study will receive one or two doses of the vaccine. There are 3 groups in this study:

  • Group 1 will receive two vaccinations at the highest dose.
  • Group 2 will receive one vaccination at a dose in-between the lowest and highest doses.
  • Group 3 will receive one vaccination at the lowest dose.

Group 1 will enroll first, probably in 2006. Groups 2 and 3 will not enroll until it is determined by safety review that the vaccine is well-tolerated and greater than 80% of Group 1 participants shed vaccine virus or develop a specific immune response to the vaccine.

Participation in this study includes a hospital stay in an isolation unit of the Bayview Medical Center of Johns Hopkins University. All participants will receive the vaccine at study entry and will remain in the isolation unit for a minimum of 14 days after vaccination. A physical exam and a nasal wash will occur daily in the isolation unit until a participant is discharged from the hospital. Participants will be allowed to leave the unit once viral cultures for influenza from nasal washes are negative for at least 3 consecutive days beginning on Day 10. Blood collection will occur at study entry, Day 7, sometime between Days 28 and 35, and sometime between Days 56 and 63.

There will be two separate hospitalizations for Group 1 participants. Group 1 participants will receive their doses of vaccine at study entry and sometime between Days 28 and 35. A physical exam and a nasal wash will occur daily in the isolation unit until a participant is discharged from the hospital. Participants will be allowed to leave the unit once viral cultures for influenza from nasal washes are negative for at least 3 consecutive days beginning on Day 10. Blood collection will occur at 4 or 5 selected timepoints, depending on the timing of the second vaccination.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Influenza
  • Virus Diseases
Biological: H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/ca)
Live, attenuated recombinant H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/ca) vaccine (one of three doses)
  • Experimental: 1
    Two vaccinations of H5N1 VN 2004/AA vaccine at the highest dose
    Intervention: Biological: H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/ca)
  • Experimental: 2
    One vaccination of H5N1 VN 2004/AA vaccine at a dose in-between the lowest and highest doses
    Intervention: Biological: H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/ca)
  • Experimental: 3
    One vaccination of H5N1 VN 2004/AA vaccine at the lowest dose
    Intervention: Biological: H5N1 (6-2) AA ca Recombinant (A/VietNam/1203/2004 x A/AnnArbor/6/60/ca)

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
42
July 2007
July 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Good general health
  • Available for the duration of the trial
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant neurologic, cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic, rheumatologic, autoimmune, or renal disease
  • Behavioral, cognitive, or psychiatric disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, affects the ability of the volunteer to understand and cooperate with the study
  • Medical, work-related, or family problems as a result of alcohol or illicit drug use in the 12 months prior to study entry
  • History of severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis
  • Current asthma or reactive airway disease
  • History of Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • HIV-1 infected
  • Hepatitis C virus infected
  • Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  • Known immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Use of corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs within 30 days of study entry. Participants who have used topical corticosteroids are not excluded.
  • Live vaccine within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Killed vaccine within 2 weeks of study entry
  • Absence of spleen
  • Blood products within 6 months of study entry
  • Current smoker
  • Have traveled to the Southern Hemisphere or Asia within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Have traveled on a cruise ship within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Work in the poultry industry
  • Investigational agents within 60 days prior to study entry, or currently participating in another investigational vaccine or drug trial
  • Allergy to eggs or egg products
  • Purified protein derivative (PPD) positive (positive tuberculosis [TB] test)
  • Family member with immunodeficiency
  • Other condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would affect the participant's participation in the study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
Both
18 Years to 49 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00347672
CIR 217, H.22.05.07.22.A2
No
Ruth Karron, MD, Center for Immunization Research (CIR), Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Principal Investigator: Ruth A. Karron, MD Center of Immunization Research (CIR), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
January 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP