A Study of Repeat Dosing of OROS® Methylphenidate Hydrochloride (CONCERTA®) and Immediate Release Methylphenidate Hydrochloride in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas J. Spencer, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00302458
First received: March 13, 2006
Last updated: November 18, 2013
Last verified: November 2013

March 13, 2006
November 18, 2013
January 2006
June 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Peak Plasma Concentration of d-Methylphenidate [ Time Frame: 4 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Objective measure determined from blood samples, measured 4 hours after the dose
Objective measures provided by hourly d and l ritalinic acid and methylphenidate levels from pre-dose and hours 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,10, 12, 14 and 16.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00302458 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
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A Study of Repeat Dosing of OROS® Methylphenidate Hydrochloride (CONCERTA®) and Immediate Release Methylphenidate Hydrochloride in Healthy Adults
A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Crossover Study of Repeat Dosing of OROS® Methylphenidate Hydrochloride (CONCERTA®) and Immediate Release Methylphenidate Hydrochloride in Healthy Adults

This is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, five-period crossover study to examine the likability of a repeated administration of immediate release methylphenidate hydrochloride (IR-MPH 40 mg) and OROS®-MPH (CONCERTA® 72 mg) in healthy adults. Hypotheses are as follows:

  • Hypothesis 1: the subjective feelings of detection and likeability will be greater for periods of IR-MPH administration than after OROS-MPH administration irregardless of sequence;
  • Hypothesis 2: the greater ratings of feelings of detection and likeability will be associated with the periods of most rapid change in plasma d-MPH and not with the magnitude of plasma d-MPH concentration (other than the OROS-MPH to IR-MPH condition in which they coincide), and
  • Hypothesis 3: the subjective feelings of dislike will be greatest for the two conditions in which IR-MPH is the second condition.

The main goal of this study is to assess whether the abuse liability potential of delayed, repeated administrations of different formulations of MPH is moderated by the oral delivery system in which a delivery system with slower onset may be safer than one with more rapid early release. To this end, the investigators will compare repeated administration of orally administered, therapeutic doses of a short (IR-MPH) and a long-acting formulation of MPH (OROS-MPH) in the following areas:

  1. pharmacokinetic profile of MPH assessing rate of onset of MPH action (indexed through change in plasma level) and
  2. abuse liability (indexed through detection and likeability).

The investigators will test all combinations of initial administration and then delayed (repeated) administration of the two formulations: IR-MPH to IR-MPH; IR-MPH to OROS-MPH; OROS-MPH to IR-MPH; OROS-MPH to OROS-MPH, and placebo to placebo.

Interventional
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Healthy
  • Drug: OROS-Methylphenidate
    Each dose of OROS MPH will be 72 mg which will be supplied as two 36 mg overencapsulated capsules
    Other Names:
    • Concerta
    • OROS MPH
  • Drug: Immediate Release Methylphenidate
    Each dose of IR MPH will be 40 mg which will be supplied as two 20 mg overencapsulated capsules
    Other Names:
    • IR MPH
    • Ritalin
  • Experimental: OROS-MPH + OROS-MPH
    OROS-Methylphenidate Will be administered during the first part of the day, and again during the separate part of the day.
    Intervention: Drug: OROS-Methylphenidate
  • Experimental: IR MPH + IR MPH
    Immediate release methylphenidate will be administered in the first part of the day followed by Immediate release methylphenidate in the second part of the day.
    Intervention: Drug: Immediate Release Methylphenidate
  • Placebo Comparator: Plabebo + Placebo
    Placebo will be administered during the first part of the day, and again during the second part of the day.
  • Experimental: OROS MPH+ IR MPH
    Concerta will be administered in the first part of the day, followed by Immediate Release Methylphenidate in the second part of the day.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: OROS-Methylphenidate
    • Drug: Immediate Release Methylphenidate
  • Experimental: IR MPH + OROS MPH
    Immediate release Methylphenidate will be administered in the first part of the day, followed by Concerta in the second part of the day
    Interventions:
    • Drug: OROS-Methylphenidate
    • Drug: Immediate Release Methylphenidate
Spencer TJ, Biederman J, Martin JM, Moorehead TM, Mirto T, Clarke A, Batchelder H, Faraone SV. Importance of pharmacokinetic profile and timing of coadministration of short- and long-acting formulations of methylphenidate on patterns of subjective responses and abuse potential. Postgrad Med. 2012 Jan;124(1):166-73. doi: 10.3810/pgm.2012.01.2529.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
44
June 2007
June 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or non-pregnant, non-lactating females. With the exception of women who have been post-menopausal for a minimum of 12 months prior to screening and those who have undergone hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, all female subjects must have a negative urine pregnancy test at both screening and at each admission to the research unit. All male and female subjects must have used a medically acceptable form of birth control for at least one month prior to screening and be willing to continue use during the study. Medically acceptable forms of birth control include abstinence, hormonal contraceptives, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, intrauterine device, or surgical sterilization (including vasectomy of male partner[s]).
  2. Eighteen (18) to 45 years of age, inclusive
  3. Based on medical history, limited physical examination (neurologic and cardiac) and/or lab results, are considered healthy and free of any conditions that may interfere with participation in the study. Any abnormalities at screening on results of electrocardiogram (ECG) or any laboratory test must be determined to be not clinically significant by an investigator.
  4. Agree to not use prescription stimulants (except for the study medication) during the study
  5. Have venous access sufficient for blood sampling as determined by clinical examination
  6. Weigh at least 100 pounds at screening
  7. Agree and are available to return to the study center for five full-day (approximately 18 hours) study visits held five to 30 days apart within a 22-week period, and willing to complete all protocol-specified assessments.
  8. Able to read and comprehend English

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Marked anxiety, tension, and agitation since the drug may aggravate these symptoms
  2. Known hypersensitivity to methylphenidate or other components of Concerta or Ritalin
  3. Subjects with glaucoma
  4. Motor tics or with a family history or diagnosis of Tourette's syndrome
  5. Treated with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) or within 14 days of discontinuation of treatment with MAOIs
  6. Presence or history of any medically diagnosed, clinically significant Axis I psychiatric disorder (including substance use disorders, bipolar disorder, any psychotic disorder)
  7. Scores of Baseline Scales:

    • Hamilton Depression Scale > 17 (out of a possible 67 on the 21-item scale) (Hamilton 1960)
    • Beck Depression Inventory > 19 (out of a possible 63 on the 21-item scale) (Beck et al 1961)
    • Hamilton Anxiety Scale > 21 (out of a possible 56 on the 14-item scale) (Hamilton 1959)
  8. Any clinically significant chronic disease or unstable medical abnormality by history or physical examination, including hypertension, hyperthyroidism, a seizure disorder, history of myocardial infarction or stroke, or history of cardiac arrhythmia or heart murmur (other than uncomplicated mitral valve prolapse)
  9. Clinically significant abnormal baseline laboratory values which include the following:

    • Values > 20% above the upper range of the laboratory standard of a basic metabolic screen and complete blood count
    • Exclusionary blood pressure > 140 (systolic) and 90 (diastolic).
    • Exclusionary ECG parameters: QTC > 460 msec, QRS > 120 msec, and PR > 200 msec. Subjects having ECG evidence of ischemia or arrhythmia as reviewed by an independent cardiologist
  10. Currently taking or require any of the following medications:

    • Clonidine or other alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonists
    • Tricyclic antidepressants
    • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
    • Theophylline
    • Coumarin anticoagulants
    • Anticonvulsants
    • Prescription stimulants
  11. Have taken an SSRI in the 35 days before initiation of the study medication
  12. Currently physically dependent on benzodiazepines, opiates or alcohol as determined by clinical evaluation or positive urine drug screen at screening
  13. Preexisting severe gastrointestinal narrowing (pathologic or iatrogenic, for example: small bowel inflammatory disease, "short gut" syndrome due to adhesions or decreased transit time, past history of peritonitis, cystic fibrosis, chronic intestinal pseudoabsorption, or Meckel's diverticulum)
  14. Unable to swallow the study medication whole
  15. Have had a significant blood loss (> 500 mL) or donated blood in the 30 days preceding dosing
  16. Have a positive urine drug screen at screening
  17. Have taken an investigational medication or product within the past 30 days
  18. Have taken prescription medications (with the exception of birth control methods) within seven days of screening or is anticipated to need any medications, over-the-counter products (other than acetaminophen), or herbal supplements during the study
Both
18 Years to 45 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00302458
2005-P-001812
No
Thomas J. Spencer, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Principal Investigator: Thomas Spencer, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
November 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP