Maternal Ethnic Group,Diet,Breast Milk Fatty Acid and Potential Effect Development of Allergy in the Offspring
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 1, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||September 18, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2003|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00298519 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Maternal Ethnic Group,Diet,Breast Milk Fatty Acid and Potential Effect Development of Allergy in the Offspring|
|Official Title ICMJE||The Influence of Maternal Ethnic Group and Diet on Breast Milk Fatty Acid Content and Its Potential Effect on Development of Allergy in the Offspring.|
Women of different ethnic groups have different diets that may affect the fatty acid content of their breast milk. Ethnicity may also have an independent effect on breast milk composition. The differences in fatty acid content of breast milk may influence the immune tolerance of breastfed babies, and hence the development of allergy.
Pregnant women with the intention of breastfeeding their babies will be recruited about 36 weeks of gestation. After informed written consent has been obtained, a standard questionnaires will be applied to determine their demographic particulars, family of atopy and environmental details. A trained research coordinator will then profile their diet using a standard validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ).
After delivery, these mothers will be helped to initiate, establish and continue breastfeeding. Details of their deliveries and the babies' birth measurements will be documented. A breastfeeding diary and infant/child health diary will be given to the mothers to record their breastfeeding practice as well as their child's health status.
The mothers will be followed up in the hospital before discharge, at the postnatal clinic at 1 and 6 weeks, and at 3,6 and 12 months. The mother's blood (1 ml) will be taken at 1 and 6 weeks and breast milk (20 mls) will be collected at 1 week, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 and 12 months after delivery (as long as mothers breastfeeds).The maternal serum and breast milk total lipids will be extracted and fractionated using micro-extraction and semi-preparative liquid chromatography fraction methods. The fatty acid methyl esters will be separated, using liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis coupled mass spectrometry, and tje n-6 and n-3 fatty acid methyl esters identified by comparison with retention times and mass charge ratio information of pure reference substances (sigma Aldrich Sweden AB,Stockholm, Sweden).
The babies of the mothers will be followed up at 1week,6 weeks,3,6,and 12 months of age. At each visit, mothers will answer standard (ISSAC)allergy questionnaires, infant feeding patterns, hygiene practice and child's growth and development parameters: height and weight.At 12 months of age, skin prick testing will performed on the child. This method of detecting atopy is less invasive and gives faster results than measuring serum IgE levels. Our skin prick test protocol follows the routine panel used in NUH's Paediatric Allergy Clinic for under 3 years old viz. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (dustmite), Blomia tropicalis (dustmite), cat dander, egg white, soy protein, cow's milk, histamine positive control and saline negative control. Size of wheal and /or erythema when present will be recorded.
The fatty acid analysis of human breast milk have a very low coefficient of variation of about 2% for most of the important fatty acids and therefore 300 mothers and infants will be enough for this pilot study.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
Pregnant women with the intention of breastfeeding their babies
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||300|
|Completion Date||February 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||21 Years to 50 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Singapore|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00298519|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||RPR/NHG/03025|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Dr Chong Yap Seng, MBBS, National University Hospital, Singapore|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National University Hospital, Singapore|
|Collaborators ICMJE||National Healthcare Group, Singapore|
|Information Provided By||National University Hospital, Singapore|
|Verification Date||September 2009|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP