Memory and Attention Problems in Lupus: New Treatment Trial With Modafinil
|First Received Date ICMJE||February 24, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||January 27, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||February 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Improvement in cognitive efficiency at 6 weeks|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00297284 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Memory and Attention Problems in Lupus: New Treatment Trial With Modafinil|
|Official Title ICMJE||Pilot and Feasibility Study of Modafinil Treatment to Improve Cognitive Efficiency in SLE Patients|
This study is being conducted in order to determine if the FDA-approved drug Modafinil can improve cognitive function in patients with lupus. Modafinil is currently being used to treat excessive sleepiness caused by certain sleep disorders. It has also been shown to improve attention and concentration in some people who don't have lupus or sleep disorders. This study hopes to determine if Modafinil can be used safely and effectively in lupus patients, and improve their quality of life. No medications currently exist for the treatment of lupus-associated cognitive dysfunction.
This is a 6-week pilot and feasibility single-arm, open-label trial of modafinil 200mg orally every morning to improve cognitive efficiency in systemic lupus patients with cognitive difficulties in daily life.
Cognitive dysfunction is a well-recognized manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) whose reported prevalence ranges from 12-87%. SLE-associated cognitive dysfunction often occurs in the absence of frank neuropsychiatric disease (e.g., stroke, depression, psychosis, cerebral vasculitis), medications known to have central nervous system effects, or increased disease activity or flare. Studies of SLE antibodies (most notably the antiphospholipid antibodies) have provided conflicting results with respect to their association with SLE-associated cognitive dysfunction. Thus, despite numerous investigations, the etiology of SLE-associated cognitive dysfunction remains unclear. There is no known means for preventing cognitive dysfunction in SLE. Similarly there are no established or proven treatments for cognitive dysfunction in SLE.
Regardless of its cause, course, or long-term consequences, cognitive dysfunction in SLE is a major cause of distress, compromised performance of everyday activities, and decreased quality of life. Thus, treatment of decreased cognitive performance in SLE when it occurs, no matter how mild, and regardless of its potential for permanence or progression, is of paramount importance. It is imperative to provide SLE patients with cognitive performance difficulties with the means to functionally cope with their impairments so that they can maintain, if not regain their independence.
Modafinil is a safe, orally administered wakefulness-promoting agent approved for use in adults suffering from narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work sleep syndrome. Since its FDA approval, it has been used for many additional varied conditions including depression, fatigue, fibromyalgia, myotonic dystrophy, organic brain syndrome, sleep deprivation, Parkinson's, and drug-induced somnolence. It has also been used in helicopter and airplane pilots to enhance their attentiveness during long flights. Some of our SLE patients have been prescribed modafinil for narcolepsy or associated fatigue.
Modafinil has broad efficacy in health and illness. It enhances cognitive function in normal young adult males, as tested by digit span, visual pattern recognition memory, spatial planning and stop-signal reaction time. While the majority of patients prescribed modafinil received the drug for non-cognitive indications (e.g., fatigue, sleepiness), several have reported improved cognitive function, especially with respect to tasks that require attention and concentration.
We hypothesize that Modafinil, an FDA-approved, non-specific wakefulness-promoting agent with minimal side effects, is safe and effective when used to improve cognitive efficiency in SLE patients who identify cognitive dysfunction in themselves.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Systemic Lupus Erythematosus|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Modafinil|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Terminated|
|Completion Date||February 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years to 60 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00297284|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||25085|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Hospital for Special Surgery, New York|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Hospital for Special Surgery, New York|
|Verification Date||September 2006|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP