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Donor Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer, Metastatic Kidney Cancer, or Aplastic Anemia

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified April 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00295997
First received: February 23, 2006
Last updated: January 3, 2014
Last verified: April 2007

February 23, 2006
January 3, 2014
May 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00295997 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Donor Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer, Metastatic Kidney Cancer, or Aplastic Anemia
Non-myeloablative Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation With Match Unrelated Donors for Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies and Renal Cell Carcinoma and Aplastic Anemia

RATIONALE: Giving low doses of chemotherapy before a donor stem cell transplant using stem cells that closely match the patient's stem cells, helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It also stops the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune system and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Giving an infusion of the donor's T cells (donor lymphocyte infusion) after the transplant may help increase this effect. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving antithymocyte globulin before transplant and cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil after transplant may stop this from happening.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well a donor stem cell transplant works in treating patients with hematologic cancer, metastatic kidney cancer, or aplastic anemia.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the treatment-related mortality (TRM) rate at 100 days in patients with hematologic malignancy, metastatic renal cell carcinoma, or aplastic anemia undergoing nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation using matched unrelated donors.

Secondary

  • Determine the TRM at 12 months in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the 6-month engraftment rate in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine 1-year overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE:

  • Nonmyeloablative preparative regimen: Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -7 to -3, busulfan* IV over 6 hours on days -4 and -3, and anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 6-10 hours on days -4 to -1.

NOTE: *Patients with aplastic anemia receive cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on days -6 to -3 instead of busulfan.

  • Allogeneic stem cell reinfusion: Patients undergo allogeneic bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on day 0. Patients then receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously daily beginning on day 7 and continuing until blood counts recover.
  • Graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis: Patients receive tacrolimus orally twice daily or IV continuously beginning on day -2 and continuing for approximately for 6-12 months after transplantation. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil orally or IV twice daily on days 0 to 60 and methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11**.

NOTE: **Patients with aplastic anemia receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, and 6 (not day 11).

  • Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI): After day 180, patients with no evidence of active GVHD may receive DLI. A second DLI may be infused > 8 weeks after the first in the absence of disease response or GVHD.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for at least 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 35 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Not Provided
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms
  • Biological: anti-thymocyte globulin
  • Biological: filgrastim
  • Biological: graft-versus-tumor induction therapy
  • Biological: therapeutic allogeneic lymphocytes
  • Drug: busulfan
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: fludarabine phosphate
  • Drug: methotrexate
  • Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
  • Drug: tacrolimus
  • Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
  • Procedure: nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
35
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • Aplastic anemia not responsive to immunosuppressive therapy
    • Metastatic renal cell carcinoma
    • Hematologic malignancy, including any of the following:

      • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)* not curable with chemotherapy and meeting any of the following criteria:

        • AML with high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (e.g., -7, -7q, -5, -5q, complex, Philadelphia chromosome-positive [Ph+])
        • AML evolved from prior myelodysplasia
        • AML secondary to prior chemotherapy
        • Failed to achieve remission
        • In second or subsequent remission NOTE: *Marrow blasts < 10%- can be achieved by chemotherapy
      • Myelodysplasia* with any of the following high-risk features:

        • Adverse cytogenetics (-7, 7q, -5, -5q, complex)
        • Excess blasts
        • Prior conversion to AML
        • Severe cytopenias with absolute neutrophil count < 500/mm^3 or platelet count < 20,000/mm^3 NOTE: *Marrow blasts < 10%- can be achieved by chemotherapy
      • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)* not curable with chemotherapy and meeting any of the following criteria:

        • High-risk cytogenetics (Ph+, 11q23 abnormalities, monosomy 7)
        • More than 1 induction course required to achieve remission
        • Failed to enter remission
        • In second or subsequent remission NOTE: *Marrow blasts < 10 %
      • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with high-risk features, including any of the following:

        • Refractory to initial or subsequent therapy
        • Progression after initial response to therapy
        • Prolymphocytic morphology
      • Follicular lymphoma with any of the following high-risk features:

        • Refractory to initial or subsequent therapy
        • Progression after response to initial therapy
        • Has ≥ 3 International Prognostic Index (IPI) risk factors
      • Multiple myeloma

        • Stage II-III disease confirmed at diagnosis or after initial progression
      • Other lymphoma that has failed to respond to primary therapy, progressed, or recurred after prior therapy, including any of the following:

        • Diffuse large cell lymphoma
        • Mantle cell lymphoma
        • Hodgkin's lymphoma
      • Myeloproliferative disease with evidence of disease acceleration, including any of the following:

        • Myelofibrosis
        • Polycythemia vera
        • Essential thrombocythemia
      • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) that failed to be controlled by imatinib mesylate
  • Disease must be stable or responding to therapy
  • No rapid progression of malignant disease

    • Expected time to disease progression > 12 weeks
  • Not eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation
  • Matched unrelated donor available

    • 9/10 HLA matched, including HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR, and -DQ

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL
  • Creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min
  • Bilirubin < 3 mg/dL

    • Elevated total bilirubin due to Gilbert's disease allowed if direct bilirubin is normal
  • AST < 4 times upper limit of normal
  • Hepatitis C or B allowed provided bilirubin and AST are normal
  • Cardiac ejection fraction > 30%
  • DLCO > 40% of predicted
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No uncontrolled active infection requiring ongoing antibiotic treatment
  • No poor performance status
  • No poor organ function

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior stem cell or bone marrow transplantation allowed
Both
up to 74 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00295997
CDR0000463522, UCSF-01251, UCSF-H5010-19585-05, UCSF-2101
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University of California, San Francisco
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Charles A. Linker, MD University of California, San Francisco
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
April 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP