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Trial to Evaluate PRO 2000/5 Gels for the Prevention of Vaginally Acquired HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Medical Research Council
Department for International Development, United Kingdom
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Endo Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00262106
First received: December 5, 2005
Last updated: September 5, 2012
Last verified: September 2012

December 5, 2005
September 5, 2012
October 2005
August 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Acquisition of HIV infection before or at the 12 month time point, confirmed in a central laboratory, in participants confirmed to be HIV negative at enrollment [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Grade 3 (severe) or 4 (life-threatening) clinical or laboratory adverse event confirmed on examination or repeat testing, respectively [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Acquisition of HIV infection by the 9 month timepoint, confirmed in a central laboratory, in participants confirmed to be HIV negative at enrollment
  • Grade 3 (severe) or 4 (life-threatening) clinical or laboratory adverse event confirmed on examination or repeat testing, respectively
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00262106 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Acquisition of HIV infection before or at the 6, 9, or beyond 12 month time points, confirmed in a central laboratory, in participants confirmed to be HIV negative at enrollment [ Time Frame: 6, 9 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • HSV-2 incidence rates by the 9 month time point in participants uninfected at enrollment. Although prevalence rates are high, 75% - 85% in some sites, data from feasibility studies indicate that incidence rates are also likely to be high [ Time Frame: 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • HSV-2 incidence rates by the 12 month time point in participants uninfected at enrolment. Although prevalence rates are high, 75% - 85% in some sites, data from feasibility studies indicate that incidence rates are also likely to be high [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Cross-sectional prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae at 24 weeks, determined by a positive nucleic acid amplification assay [ Time Frame: 24 weeks/6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Cross-sectional prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis at 24 weeks, determined by a positive nucleic acid amplification assay [ Time Frame: 24 wks/6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Acquisition of HIV infection by the 6 month time point, confirmed in a central laboratory, in participants confirmed to be HIV negative at enrollment.
  • Acquisition of HIV infection by the 12 month time point, confirmed in a central laboratory, in participants confirmed to be HIV negative at enrollment.
  • HSV-2 incidence rates by the 9 month time point in participants uninfected at enrollment. Although prevalence rates are high, 75% - 85% in some sites, data from feasibility studies indicate that incidence rates are also likely to be high.
  • HSV-2 incidence rates by the 12 month time point in participants uninfected at enrolment. Although prevalence rates are high, 75% - 85% in some sites, data from feasibility studies indicate that incidence rates are also likely to be high.
  • Cross-sectional prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae at 24 weeks, determined by a positive nucleic acid amplification assay
  • Cross-sectional prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis at 24 weeks, determined by a positive nucleic acid amplification assay
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Trial to Evaluate PRO 2000/5 Gels for the Prevention of Vaginally Acquired HIV Infection
An International Multi-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of 0.5% and 2% PRO 2000/5 Gels for the Prevention of Vaginally Acquired HIV Infection

The objective of the study is to determine the efficacy and safety of 0.5% and 2% PRO 2000/5 gels compared to placebo in preventing vaginally acquired HIV infection.

The HIV pandemic continues with an estimated 13,000 new infections each day, the vast majority of which are acquired through heterosexual intercourse. Although consistent and correct use of condoms by men remains the most effective form of protection from heterosexually acquired HIV, women are not always able to negotiate condom use. An effective prophylactic vaccine remains a key objective, but development is slow because of virus variability and difficulty in determining the immunological correlates of protection. Vaginal microbicides are being developed in response to the urgent need for an HIV prevention method that women can control. Licensed spermicides containing nonoxynol-9 (N-9), which has potent anti-HIV activity in vitro, were the first products to be investigated as potential microbicides. However, the association of N-9 and other products belonging to this class (surfactants) with genital epithelial disruption, histologically determined genital inflammation, and reduction in populations of vaginal lactobacilli led to concerns that their use could enhance the risk of HIV transmission. Early Phase 3 studies of N-9 products yielded conflicting results, but more recently, a multicenter randomized placebo-controlled trial of a low dose N-9 formulation demonstrated an increased incidence of HIV infection in the N-9 group compared to placebo. These findings have intensified efforts to develop agents with a more favorable toxicity profile. At least four of these have entered trials to assess effectiveness in preventing vaginally acquired HIV infection: Buffer Gel, Carraguard, cellulose sulfate and PRO 2000/5 Gel. Protocol MDP 301 describes a randomized placebo-controlled trial design to explore the safety and efficacy of two concentrations of PRO 2000/5 Gel.

Participant recruitment and follow-up is complete. Between October 2005 and August 2008, 9404 eligible, sexually active, HIV-uninfected women were enrolled at six or more sites in Africa. Up until February 2008, participants were randomly assigned to 0.5% or 2% PRO 2000/5 Gel treatment arms or a placebo gel arm. Following a recommendation by the Independent Data Monitoring Committee that the 2% PRO2000/5 Gel treatment arm should not continue as there was no more than a small chance of demonstrating benefit, participants enrolled after February 13, 2008 were randomly assigned to the 0.5% PRO 2000/5 gel treatment arm or placebo arm. Participants were instructed to apply a single dose of study gel 1 hour or less before every act of vaginal intercourse using a single-use pre-filled applicator. Participants also receive risk-reduction counseling and condoms, and STD testing. Most study participants were followed for 12 months. A cohort of sero-discordant couples enrolled in Uganda was followed for up to 24 months.

The primary efficacy outcome measure is acquisition of HIV infection at the 12 month time point. Secondary outcomes include measures of HIV infection at the 6, 9 and more than 12 month time points, infection by HSV-2, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, and adverse events.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV Infections
  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydial Infections
  • Genital Herpes
  • Drug: PRO 2000/5
    Gel
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo
    Other Name: placebo
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    placebo
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Active Comparator: PRO 2000/5 Gel 0.5%
    PRO 2000/5 Gel 0.5%
    Intervention: Drug: PRO 2000/5

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
9404
September 2009
August 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Women aged 16 years and above at enrolment in Masaka and Mwanza, or aged 18 years and above at enrolment in the South African and Zambian sites
  • Likely to be sexually active at entry and during follow-up
  • Willing to undergo HIV testing at screening and approximately 12 weekly intervals, and additionally, if required, to determine HIV status
  • HIV negative at screening according to the local HIV testing algorithm
  • Willing to receive the HIV result before randomization
  • Willing to use study gel as instructed
  • Willing to undergo regular speculum examinations and genital infection screens
  • Willing to have regular urine pregnancy tests
  • Willing to receive health education about condoms
  • Willing and able to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable or unwilling to provide a reliable method of contact for the field team
  • Likely to move permanently out of the area within the next year
  • Likely to have sex more than 14 times a week on a regular basis during the course of follow-up
  • Using spermicides regularly
  • Pregnant or within 6 weeks postpartum at enrollment
  • Has Grade 3 clinical or laboratory abnormalities which are considered by the clinician or the Trial Management Group to make enrollment inadvisable
  • Requires referral for assessment of a clinically suspicious cervical lesion
  • Treatment to the cervix, or to the womb through the cervix, within 30 days of enrolment
  • Known latex allergy
  • Participating, or has participated within 30 days of enrolment, in a clinical trial of an unlicensed product, microbicide, barrier method, or any other intervention likely to impact on the outcome of this trial
  • Considered unlikely to be able to comply with the protocol
Female
16 Years and older
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
South Africa,   Tanzania,   Uganda,   Zambia
 
NCT00262106
MDP301, ISRCTN64716212
Yes
Endo Pharmaceuticals
Endo Pharmaceuticals
  • Medical Research Council
  • Department for International Development, United Kingdom
Principal Investigator: Sheena McCormack, MBBS, MSc, FRCP MRC Clinical Trials Unit
Endo Pharmaceuticals
September 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP