Epigenetics in the Aging Process
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 19, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||September 6, 2013|
|Start Date ICMJE||October 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00242255 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Epigenetics in the Aging Process|
|Official Title ICMJE||Remodeling of Chromatin-Based Epigenetic Structures in Development and Aging|
This study will examine the role of epigenetics (heritable changes in gene function that occur without a change in DNA sequence) in the aging process. DNA is the primary genetic material, responsible for transmitting information from one cell to the next or from one generation to the next. A second layer of heredity is described by the term "epigenetics."
Epigenetic information is reset from one generation to the next. It works in two ways: 1) by modification of the DNA, like balloons stuck at irregular intervals onto the sides of the DNA helix that encodes genes, and 2) through specialized protein shells that wrap around some regions of DNA. As in DNA, these shells can copy themselves and can transmit instructions. Because they are used to turn genes on and off, errors in their settings cause critical misinformation to be transmitted.
Aging involves many changes, such as muscle weakening, graying hair, skin wrinkling, and so forth. There are several current theories of aging, including damage to genes by oxidation, shortening of tiny structures at the ends of chromosomes called telomeres, and the ability to stretch lifespan with caloric restrictions. This study will investigate the possible role of epigenetics in aging by examining and comparing the shell-like epigenetic settings in skin cells in young adults and older individuals. Preliminary results from earlier studies show differences in these settings in younger and older people.
Women between the ages of 21 and 30 years and 65 and 90 years who are undergoing breast reduction or mastectomy at Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland, may participate in this study. Tissue removed during surgery for pathological examination will also be used by researchers in this study to validate the preliminary findings noted above and to continue studies into the new area of epigenetics and aging.
Normal human lifespan is marked by a complex series of developmental events, relative stability during adulthood, and ultimately a gradual decline in viability. Biological clocks presumably underlie the developmental events that occur through childhood and adolescence, but the nature of those clocks has remained obscure. Progress in this area would be of considerable importance, not only for our understanding of child development, but also because instability in putative clock-like mechanisms may occur as part of the aging process. Such instability could well compromise tissue function and contribute to many of the common degenerative diseases of later life.
We propose to investigate whether developmental clocks and related aspects of the aging process are attributable in part to age-related epigenome remodeling. Experiments done to date with cultured human fibroblasts derived from tissue banks provide tentative support for this hypothesis. To exclude tissue culture-related artifacts and to continue the work, it is essential to have access to fresh tissue material in the form of surgically obtained skin specimens that would otherwise be discarded.
Elective breast reduction mammoplasty is a frequently performed surgery at Suburban Hospital, Bethesda, Maryland. Small skin specimens will be obtained from this procedure, as well as from normal skin derived from mastectomies. Patients who are to undergo these procedures will be asked to sign a consent form allowing the specimens, normally discarded, to be used instead for research on the mechanism of aging. They will be informed that clinical information will accompany the specimens, including age and known disease conditions.
Twenty patients in each of two age ranges, 21-30 yr and 65-90 yr, will be enrolled in the study. The primary outcome will be confirmation of age-related epigenome change in the chromosome 4q35.2 region, previously documented using tissue bank-derived cultured skin fibroblasts. Mapping and sampling chromatin from this region revealed higher histone H4 acetylation in young (24-30 yr) than old (80-85 yr) individuals. Confirmation of this change in primary fibroblasts will be followed by more detailed mapping of chromatin structure and extension beyond the currently defined limits. Secondary outcomes will include examination of two areas of epigenome remodeling that appear to occur between birth and adulthood, as well as searches for additional regions of age-related chromatin change.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||240|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Age 21-30 or 65-90, female or male
Normal liver function, renal function adjusted for age
Written informed consent
Down's or other premature aging syndromes
Mastectomies: skin involvement in the malignant process or damage due to prior radiation therapy
Active skin infection
Skin damage due to photoaging will be noted but will not be a basis for exclusion
|Ages||21 Years to 90 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00242255|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||060010, 06-CH-0010|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||August 2013|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP