A Comparison of the Effectiveness and Safety of Levofloxacin to That of Ciprofloxacin in Treating Complicated Urinary Tract Infection and Acute Pyelonephritis.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PriCara, Unit of Ortho-McNeil, Inc.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00210886
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: June 8, 2011
Last verified: April 2010

September 13, 2005
June 8, 2011
October 2004
Not Provided
Combination of clinical success and microbiologic eradication (known as therapeutic response) at post-therapy visit.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00210886 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
By patient and pathogen microbiologic and clinical responses at the post-therapy and post-study visits.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Comparison of the Effectiveness and Safety of Levofloxacin to That of Ciprofloxacin in Treating Complicated Urinary Tract Infection and Acute Pyelonephritis.
A Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Levofloxacin 750 mg Once Daily for Five Days Versus Ciprofloxacin Twice Daily for Ten Days in the Treatment of Complicated Urinary Tract Infection and Acute Pyelonephritis.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of two antibiotics in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection). A 5-day course of 750 milligrams of levofloxacin given intravenously and/or by mouth once daily will be compared to a 10-day course of 400 milligrams of ciprofloxacin given intravenously and/or 500 milligrams of ciprofloxacin given by mouth twice daily.

Levofloxacin has been approved in both its oral and intravenous forms to treat a large number of infections caused by bacteria. Levofloxacin and other members of a class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones have been used successfully to treat urinary and kidney infections. This study will compare the effectiveness and safety of levofloxacin given for 5 days to that of another fluoroquinolone, ciprofloxacin, given for 10 days in treating complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection). A shorter course of antibiotics may help patients take all of their medication, which is critically important for curing the infection. A shorter course may also help prevent the development of bacteria that cannot be killed by antibiotics. Patients will take 750 milligrams of levofloxacin intravenously and/or by mouth once daily for 5 days or 400 milligrams of ciprofloxacin intravenously and/or 500 milligrams of ciprofloxacin by mouth twice daily for 10 days. To prevent the study doctor, study staff and patients from knowing which study drug they are taking, all study drug will manufactured to look the same and patients on the 5-day regimen will be given placebo for the last 5 days of their participation in the study. The intravenous infusion bags will be covered so that the solution cannot be seen. The objective of the study is to demonstrate that 5 days of levofloxacin once daily is at least as effective as 10 days of ciprofloxacin twice daily in treating complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis. Patients will take 750 milligrams of levofloxacin intravenously and/or by mouth once daily for 5 days or 400 milligrams of ciprofloxacin intravenously and/or 500 milligrams of ciprofloxacin by mouth twice daily for 10 days.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Pyelonephritis
Drug: levofloxacin
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
1109
April 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Positive dipstick test for leukocyte esterase AND/OR at least 5 white blood cells per centrifuged urine sediment AND/OR at least 10 white blood cells per microliter of uncentrifuged urine
  • outpatient or inpatient (in hospital, nursing home, or other extended-care facility)
  • clinical diagnosis of either complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergy or serious adverse reaction to levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, or other fluoroquinolone
  • urinary tract surgery or lithotripsy (treatment for kidney stones) within 7 days before study entry
  • a second coexisting bacterial infection that requires systemic antibiotics
  • need for a second antibiotic to treat the urinary tract infection
  • obstruction of the urinary tract
  • prostate infection.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT00210886
CR004705
Not Provided
Not Provided
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
PriCara, Unit of Ortho-McNeil, Inc.
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
April 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP