Prenatal Multi-Micronutrient Supplementation and Pregnancy Outcome
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 13, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||October 4, 2006|
|Start Date ICMJE||January 2001|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00168688 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Prenatal Multi-Micronutrient Supplementation and Pregnancy Outcome|
|Official Title ICMJE||The Effects of Prenatal Multi-Micronutrient Supplements on Pregnancy Outcome, Peri- and Neonatal Mortality on Maternal and Infant Nutritional Status: A Randomised, Controlled Trial Among Women in Guinea-Bissau|
Prenatal maternal micronutrient supplementation has been suggested as a means to reduce the proportion of low birth weight babies in low-income countries. The effects of prenatal multi-micronutrient supplements on birth weight and perinatal mortality were studied in a randomised controlled trial among 2100 pregnant women in Guinea-Bissau. Women up to 37 weeks pregnant were individually randomised to daily supplements until delivery of A) Iron + folic acid or multi-micronutrients in B) One or C) Two recommended dietary allowances. Secondary outcomes were infant growth and maternal haemoglobin eight weeks after delivery.
Prenatal maternal micronutrient supplementation has been suggested as a means to reduce the proportion of low birth weight babies in low-income countries. The effects of prenatal multi-micronutrient supplements on birth weight and perinatal mortality were studied in a randomised controlled trial among 2100 pregnant women in Guinea-Bissau. Women up to 37 weeks pregnant were individually randomised to daily supplements until delivery of identically looking tablets containing 1) Iron (60 mg) + folate (400 µg), 2) One recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of 5 minerals and 10 vitamins, including iron (30 mg) and folate (400 µg), or 3) Two RDA’s of 5 minerals and 10 vitamins, including iron (30 mg) and folate (800 µg). Supplements were provided in known excess at fortnightly home visits until delivery. Compliance was assessed by tablet count.
Women were interviewed about age, civil status, obstetric history and socio-economic status at enrolment. Maternal anthropometry was measured at enrolment, at delivery, and eight weeks after delivery. Maternal malaria parasitaemia and haemoglobin were measured at enrolment and eight weeks after delivery. Maternal status of a wide range of micronutrients was assessed at enrolment and eight weeks after delivery in a sub-cohort of 600 women. Further, survival of the infants will be followed until 3 years of age, within the routines of the Bandim Health Project surveillance system.
Women were provided impregnated bed nets and weekly malaria prophylaxis until delivery. Women with high malaria parasitaemia at enrolment were in addition given a full treatment at enrolment.
Sample size considerations: A sample size of 638 women in each treatment group will be required to detect a reduction in perinatal mortality from 9% to 5% or less in a treatment group using 80% power and a 5% significance level. With an expected loss to follow up of 10%, 2100 women are required. With a sample size of 2100 the study will be able to detect at least 75 g difference, i.e. a 2.5% change in birth weight.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: multi-micronutrients|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Kaestel P, Michaelsen KF, Aaby P, Friis H. Effects of prenatal multimicronutrient supplements on birth weight and perinatal mortality: a randomised, controlled trial in Guinea-Bissau. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005 Sep;59(9):1081-1089.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Active, not recruiting|
|Completion Date||October 2002|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Guinea-Bissau|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00168688|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||RUF-2001-91057-PREGNUT|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Bandim Health Project|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark|
|Information Provided By||Bandim Health Project|
|Verification Date||October 2006|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP