Effect of Anti-IgE in Non-Allergic Asthma
Recruitment status was Recruiting
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 8, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||September 12, 2005|
|Start Date ICMJE||April 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00162773 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Effect of Anti-IgE in Non-Allergic Asthma|
|Official Title ICMJE||Effect of Anti-IgE in Non-Allergic Asthma|
The purpose of this study is to find out if omalizumab is effective in treating non-allergic asthma. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of omalizumab to treat moderate to severe allergic asthma.
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lower airways. The inflammatory process is associated with changes in airway hyperresponsiveness (irritability), and airflow limitations caused by bronchoconstriction, edema, and mucous plugging. Mast cells, basophils, eosinophils, activated T-lymphocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, and airway epithelial cells all play a role in this inflammatory process by releasing mediators directly responsible for local inflammation and by releasing mediators that encourage a further influx of inflammatory cells (Expert Panel Report 2, 1997). These cells and their products eventually produce a state of chronic allergic inflammation leading to increased vascular leakage, mucous secretion, smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness, and nerve activation. Clinically, this process is characterized by intermittent shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness.
Although most asthmatics are atopic (allergic), non-atopic asthmatics exist and can develop equally severe disease. Non-allergic asthmatics have a trend towards higher than normal levels of the allergic antibody (IgE) though obviously they lack skin test specificity. When examining skin test reactivity and serum IgE as independent variables for asthma risk, there was a stronger association with serum IgE elevation than skin test reactivity. In fact, serum IgE tended to be high in asthmatics regardless of skin test reactivity.
Omalizumab (Xolair®) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that binds specifically to the (FceRI) binding site on human IgE. The binding of omalizumab inhibits the ability of IgE to bind to basophils or mast cells.
Omalizumab recently received FDA approval for the treatment of moderate to severe persistent allergic asthma in pediatric (12 years of age and above) and adult patients. The addition of omalizumab to standard asthma therapies has been found to reduce asthma exacerbations and decrease both inhaled corticosteroid dose and rescue medication use. (Busse, 2001). In a phase III double blinded placebo controlled trial involving 525 severe allergic asthmatics, omalizumab treated patients had fewer exacerbations during both a steroid stable phase and steroid reduction phase than did placebo controls (Busse, 2001). The median reduction in steroid dose during reduction phase was 75% and 50% in the omalizumab and placebo groups respectively. In a similarly designed steroid reduction study involving 6 to 12 year-old moderate to severe allergic asthmatics, steroid reduction was possible in 100% of treated patient verses 66.7% of placebo treated patients (Milgrom, 2001). Other steroid reduction studies have had similar results (Buhl 2002, Soler 2001). Omalizumab has also been shown to improve quality of life in allergic asthmatics as measured by the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). In adults, AQLQ demonstrated greater improvement at 16, 28 and 52 weeks in omalizumab treated patients than in placebo treated (Finn 2003). Similarly in pediatric populations, AQLQ improvement reached statistical significance in omalizumab treated patients (Lemanske 2002).
Omalizumab has shown itself to be a promising new therapy for the treatment of moderate to severe allergic asthma. It is currently not indicated for patients with non-allergic asthma. The objective of this study will be to define the effects of omalizumab on cell surface FceRI expression and serum IgE of non-allergic asthmatics.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: omalizumab|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years to 80 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00162773|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||04-10-25-03|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Johns Hopkins University|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Genentech, Inc.|
|Information Provided By||Johns Hopkins University|
|Verification Date||September 2005|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP