Efficacy and Safety of Basiliximab, Cyclosporine/Cyclosporine Microemulsion, and Steroids in Pediatric de Novo Liver Transplant Recipients Avoiding Intraoperative Steroids

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00149890
First received: September 6, 2005
Last updated: August 17, 2011
Last verified: August 2011

September 6, 2005
August 17, 2011
March 2004
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Number of Participants With at Least One Biopsy Proven Acute Rejection (BPAR) Episode, Graft Loss or Death Within the First Three Months Post-transplantation [ Time Frame: 3 months after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Graft loss is defined as being listed for a re-transplantation. The analysis was based on the locally performed biopsy assessments. Generally, patients not experiencing a relevant event (i.e., acute rejection, graft loss or death) were censored with the last visit date.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00149890 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Number of Participants With Biopsy Proven Acute Rejection (BPAR) Episodes Within the First Three Months [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    At biopsy of transplanted tissue sample, acute rejection has an onset 2-60 days after transplantation, with interstitial vascular endothelial cell swelling, interstitial accumulation of lymphocytes, plasma cells, immunoblasts, macrophages, neutrophils; tubular separation with edema/necrosis of tubular epithelium; swelling and vacuolization of the endothelial cells, vascular edema, bleeding and inflammation. Clinical signs and symptoms include malaise, fever, and hypertension.
  • Number of Participants With Steroid Resistant Rejection Episodes Within Three and Six Months [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To evaluate the efficacy of a regimen with intraoperative versus without intraoperative steroids in combination with basiliximab, cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion and steroids as measured by the incidence of steroid resistant rejection episodes within three and six months.
  • Percentage of Participants Experiencing Death or Graft Loss Within Three and Six Months After Transplantation [ Time Frame: 3 months and 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Graft loss is defined as being listed for a re-transplantation.
  • Number of Participants With Bacterial, Viral and Fungal Infections During Six Months [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To evaluate the safety of a regimen with intraoperative versus without intraoperative steroids in combination with basiliximab, cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion and steroids as measured by the episodes of bacterial, viral and fungal infections during six months.
  • Time of Onset of a First Biopsy Proven Acute Rejection [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Biopsied Tissue shows rejection at onset 2-60 days after transplantation, with interstitial vascular endothelial cell swelling, interstitial accumulation of lymphocytes, plasma cells, immunoblasts, macrophages, neutrophils; tubular separation with edema/necrosis of tubular epithelium; swelling and vacuolization of the endothelial cells, vascular edema, bleeding and inflammation. Clinical signs and symptoms include malaise, fever and hypertension

    .

  • Percentage of Participants With Treatment Failure Within Three and Six Months [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To evaluate the proportion of patients with treatment failure treated with a therapy consisting of intraoperative versus without intraoperative steroids in combination with basiliximab, cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion and steroids within three and six months.
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Efficacy and Safety of Basiliximab, Cyclosporine/Cyclosporine Microemulsion, and Steroids in Pediatric de Novo Liver Transplant Recipients Avoiding Intraoperative Steroids
A Multicenter, Open-label, Randomized, Two Arm Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of a Therapy Avoiding Intraoperative Steroids in Combination With Basiliximab, Cyclosporine/Cyclosporine Microemulsion, and Steroids in Pediatric de Novo Liver Transplant Recipients

Systemic infection is still a major concern in young children with liver transplantation. The approach of this study is to reduce the risk of systemic infections by avoiding intraoperative steroids (another class of immunosuppressive drugs) given in combination with basiliximab, cyclosporine and steroids in pediatric de novo liver transplant recipients. The treatment is compared to the same treatment regimen including intraoperative steroids with respect to rejection episodes.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Infection
  • Drug: Basiliximab
    Basiliximab (10 mg) was supplied as a lyophilisate in vials with ampoules of sterile water for injection (5 mL) and had to be given of 10 mg (body weight <35 kg) or 20 mg (body weight ≥35 kg) strength.
    Other Name: Simulect®
  • Drug: Cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion
    Cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion had to be started with 100 mg/m²/day intravenous (i.v) (2x4h) for 7 days and was to be continued i.v. or orally from day 8 onwards as per center practice. During the 6 months treatment period Cyclosporine doses had to be adjusted according to Cyclosporine A (CsA)-trough levels.
    Other Name: Sandimmun®/Sandimmun® Optoral
  • Drug: Steroid
    Intravenous prednisolone (loading dose: 300 mg/m2, maximum 500 mg) had to be administered intraoperatively only in treatment arm 1 (day 0). The first dose of steroids in treatment arm 2 (day 0) had to be administered within 8 hours after reperfusion of the graft. Beginning from day 1 to day 6 doses of 15 mg/m2/day had to be given intravenously (i.v.) in both treatment arms. Then, the steroid doses (oral prednisone or its equivalent) were to be decreased from 10 mg/m²/day orally (day 7-13), to 7.5 mg/m²/day orally (day 14-30), to 4 mg/m²/day orally (until end of month 2), to 2.5 mg/m²/day orally (until end of month 3) and to 1 mg/m²/day orally (until end of month 6).
  • Experimental: With Intraoperative Steroids
    Intraoperative steroids were administered during transplantation and Basiliximab was administered on Day 0 and 4 (10 mg if the body weight was <35 kg; 20 mg if body weight was ≥35 kg) in combination with cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion and steroids. Basiliximab was administered as an intravenous bolus injection within 8 hours after reperfusion of the graft.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Basiliximab
    • Drug: Cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion
    • Drug: Steroid
  • Active Comparator: Without Intraoperative Steroids
    No intraoperative steroids were administered during transplantation and Basiliximab was administered on Day 0 and 4 (10 mg if the body weight was <35 kg; 20 mg if body weight was ≥35 kg) in combination with cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion and steroids. Basiliximab and the first dose of steroids had to be administered within 8 hours after reperfusion of the graft and basiliximab was given as an intravenous bolus injection.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Basiliximab
    • Drug: Cyclosporine/cyclosporine microemulsion
    • Drug: Steroid
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
77
March 2009
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pediatric patients undergoing primary orthotopic liver transplantation (whole organ or split liver or reduced size)
  • Cadaveric or living donor (related or unrelated)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are recipients of multiple solid organ transplants and/or who have previously received transplanted organs
  • If cold ischemia time of the transplanted organ is >12 hours
  • Auxiliary liver transplant recipients
  • Fulminant hepatic failure
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Severe acute systemic infections
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen/HCV/HIV positive
  • Known contraindication to intravenous (i.v.) or per os (orally) (p.o.) cyclosporine or corticoids
  • Non-ability to comply with the protocol
  • Relevant abnormal physical or laboratory findings within 2 weeks of inclusion
  • Relevant severe allergy, hypersensitivity to basiliximab or similar drugs
  • History/presence of relevant malignancy
  • Pregnancy/breastfeeding
  • Use of any investigational or immunomodulatory/immunosuppressive drug within 4 weeks prior to transplantation.
Both
up to 16 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Germany
 
NCT00149890
CCHI621ADE04
Not Provided
Novartis
Novartis
Not Provided
Study Director: Novartis Novartis
Novartis
August 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP