Genetic Study of Nephrolithiasis in Gouty Diathesis

This study has been terminated.
(Non significative preliminary data)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00149305
First received: September 7, 2005
Last updated: October 5, 2009
Last verified: October 2009

September 7, 2005
October 5, 2009
May 2005
January 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00149305 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Not Provided
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Genetic Study of Nephrolithiasis in Gouty Diathesis
Genetic Study of Nephrolithiasis in Gouty Diathesis

Gouty diathesis describes uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and low urinary pH (<5.5). A hereditary component has been outlined for several forms of nephrolithiasis (such as hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, cystinuria, renal tubular acidosis), leading to the hypothesis of a genetic predisposition to nephrolithiasis. At the Unit of Nephrology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, more than 100 patients affected by gouty diathesis are followed. Fifty percent of them has a familiarity for kidney stones formation. The aim of our study is to identify the genetic factors that predispose to the development of nephrolithiasis in patients with gouty diathesis.

INTRODUCTION Nephrolithiasis is a common disorder with a reported incidence of 12% in industrialized countries. The peak incidence is in ages 20s to 40s. Men are affected two to three times more often than women. Gouty diathesis describes uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and low urinary pH (<5.5) in the absence of excessive gastrointestinal alkali loses or dietary animal protein excess. Hyperuricemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and a history of gouty arthritis may be present. Subjects with gout are singularly predisposed to stone formation. Persistent acidity of the urine is a common manifestation of primary gout, that may be accompanied by uric acid nephrolithiasis. In the presence of an increase in the concentration of uric acid in the urine, the formation of uric acid stones is further facilitated.

In the primary forms of nephrolithiasis the most important predisposing factors for kidney stones are: hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, hyperuricosuria, hypocitraturia, hypomagnesuria, high urinary sulfate, low urine volume, high urinary sodium, cystinuria, infection, persistently high or low urinary pH. A hereditary component has been outlined for several of these abnormalities, leading to the hypothesis of a genetic predisposition to nephrolithiasis. Pirastu and co-workers took advantage from a small, isolated population from Sardinia, characterized by a high prevalence of Uric Acid Nephrolithiasis (UAN). The disease shows familial clustering, although the transmission of UAN does not follow a simple mendelian inheritance pattern, suggesting that hereditary factors could play an important role in susceptibility to UAN. They found an association of UAN to a new gene, called ZNF365, and in particular to its variant Ala62Thr, making it a strong candidate predisposing factor.

At the Unit of Nephrology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, we follow at the moment 560 patients with nephrolithiasis of which more than 100 are affected by gouty diathesis. 50% of all patients with gouty diathesis has a familiarity for kidney stones formation.

Understanding of the genetic factors that contribute to the development of this disorder may lead to earlier diagnosis, thus allowing to identify, within a family, subjects that are at risk to develop nephrolithiasis before manifestation of the disease. These subjects may have access to counseling aimed at modifying their dietetic and sanitary attitudes and/or to pharmacological treatments in order to prevent the manifestation of the renal disease or to slow its progression.

AIM The study is aimed at identifying the genetic factors that predispose to the development of nephrolithiasis in patients with gouty diathesis.

DESIGN Fifteen consecutive unrelated patients with familial form of nephrolithiasis associated with gouty diathesis (at least two affected subjects within a family) will be recruited, within 3 years, through the stone clinic ambulatory of the Unit of Nephrology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo.

All patients affected by gouty diathesis and their selected relatives will undergo to the following evaluations:

  • clinical history collection;
  • renal ultrasound examination, to confirm previous diagnoses and identify asymptomatic cases;
  • metabolic analyses, including:
  • blood collection in order to evaluate: urate, urea triglycerides, calcium, phosphate, creatinine, bicarbonate, sodium, potassium, chloride, glucose;
  • 24 hours urine collection in order to evaluate urate, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, urea, magnesium, sodium, chloride, creatinine, sulphate, ammonium; determination of urinary pH and titrable acidity; calculation of acid net excretion;
  • morning urine spot in order to evaluate volume, pH, calcium, uric acid, creatinine;
  • genetic analyses: 10 ml blood on EDTA to obtain DNA and 3 ml without anticoagulant to obtain serum from each subject will be collected.
Observational
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:

Whole blood on EDTA

Non-Probability Sample

Unrelated patients with familial form of nephrolithiasis associated with gouty diathesis (at least two affected subjects within a family).

Nephrolithiasis
Other: Genetic analyses
  • Patients with gouthy diathesis
    Intervention: Other: Genetic analyses
  • Healthy subjects
    Intervention: Other: Genetic analyses
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
37
May 2010
January 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male and female, ≥ 10 years of age
  • uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis
  • urinary 24 h pH < 5.5 in absence of high animal protein intake (urinary sulphate excretion <25 mM/24 h after one week of low animal protein intake)
  • familial history of kidney stones (at least two first or second degree family members affected)
  • written informed consent according to the Declaration of Helsinki guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • renal colic in the 4 weeks preceding evaluations
  • excessive gastrointestinal alkali loses
  • inability to fully understand the purposes of the study or to provide a written informed consent
Both
10 Years to 85 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Italy
 
NCT00149305
GOUTY DIATESIS
No
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Erica Daina, MD Mario Negri Institute
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
October 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP