Study to Collect Data on Fabry Disease Patients With Enhanceable Alpha-Galactosidase A Activity
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 31, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||March 28, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||March 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00106912 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Study to Collect Data on Fabry Disease Patients With Enhanceable Alpha-Galactosidase A Activity|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Study to Collect Normative Data on Fabry Disease Patients With Enhanceable Alpha-Galactosidase A Activity|
This study will collect data needed to design a treatment trial for patients with Fabry disease using the experimental drug AT-1001. Fabry disease is an inherited metabolic disorder in which an enzyme called alpha-galactosidase A, which normally breaks down fatty substances called glycolipids, is missing or does not function properly. As a result, glycolipids accumulate in various tissues, causing liver, kidney, nerves, skin, muscle and blood vessel problems. No treatment is given in this survey study.
Males 18 years of age and older with Fabry disease who have certain genetic mutations associated with enhancement of alpha-galactosidase A activity may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following tests and procedures over 5 days:
Medical history and physical examination, blood tests, electrocardiogram (EKG), routine urinalysis, measurements of height, weight, and vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, and temperature).
Blood tests, 24-hour urine collection, vital signs and sweat test. The sweat test (also called QSART, or quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test) measures the amount of sweat in a particular area of skin. A small amount of medication called acetylcholine is put on an area of the skin and a small electric current is applied to stimulate the sweat glands.
Blood tests, 24-hour urine collection, vital signs, and skin biopsy. For the skin biopsy, a small area of skin is numbed and a punch device is used to remove a 3-mm (1/8-inch) layer of skin for microscopic examination.
Blood tests, 24-hour urine collection, vital signs, and QSART.
Blood tests and vital signs.
In addition to the above, patients are scheduled at some point in the 5-day study for an eye examination, brain magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA), and a heart examination and echocardiogram. MRA uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to provide images of the blood vessels in the head and neck. It can detect abnormalities such as aneurysms, vessel malformations, and thickening of the vessel walls. An echocardiogram is an ultrasound test that shows how well the heart pumps blood and if there is thickening of the heart muscle.
Patients who are taking enzyme replacement therapy discontinue treatment for up to 6 weeks (no more than two missed infusions) to allow accurate measurement of the amount of alpha-galactosidase A the patient's body produces by itself. They provide weekly blood samples between the time they stop treatment and enter the study. The samples are used to monitor the removal of the enzyme from the body and the possible buildup of Gb(3) in the blood.
This protocol is designed to characterize the clinical and laboratory profile of patients with Fabry disease who have residual levels of Alpha-galactosidase (Alpha- Gal A) activity. Normally these are patients with the later onset or milder forms of the disease, sometimes referred to as the cardiac and/or renal variants. Enzyme Enhancement Therapy is a novel therapeutic approach to treatment of lysosomal storage diseases that has recently been proposed, for patients who produce low levels of endogenous enzyme. We plan to evaluate this therapy in later-onset Fabry disease patients and in preparation we need to develop sensitive outcome measures for this subset of patients. Thirty patients with enhanceable Alpha- Gal A activity will be recruited. If on enzyme replacement therapy, they will be asked to miss up to two biweekly infusions. These patients, along with five control patients with non-enhanceable(classic) Fabry disease, will undergo a comprehensive five day evaluation at the NIH Clinical Center that will include a complete physical examination, functional studies of the heart, eye, kidney and sweat function, imaging of the brain and the heart and a number of blood and urine tests, as well as a skin biopsy.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Condition ICMJE||Fabry Disease|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Glass RB, Astrin KH, Norton KI, Parsons R, Eng CM, Banikazemi M, Desnick RJ. Fabry disease: renal sonographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings in affected males and carrier females with the classic and cardiac variant phenotypes. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2004 Mar-Apr;28(2):158-68.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00106912|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||050129, 05-N-0129|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||March 2008|
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